Tajikistan's economy enjoyed about 8% growth annually over the past decade thanks to a favorable external environment and high prices for its main exports, but following the crisis it now faces challenges related to energy and to job creation.
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1. Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS), Phase II : Executive SummaryBy Coyne Et Bellier2. Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS), Phase II : SummaryBy Coyne Et Bellier3. Techno-Economic Assessmen... Show More +t Study (TEAS), Phase II : Design CriteriaBy Coyne Et Bellier4. Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS), Phase II : Reservoir OperationBy Coyne Et Bellier5. Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS), Phase II : Reservoir Operation (Annexes)By Coyne Et Bellier6. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), Volume I: TextBy Poyry Energy Ltd.7. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), Volume II: AnnexesBy Poyry Energy Ltd.8. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), Volume III: Environmental and Social Management PlanBy Poyry Energy Ltd.9. Final Report of the Engineering and Dam Safety Panel of Experts10. Final Report of the Environmental and Social Panel of Experts11. Report on the 5th Riparian Information-Sharing and Consultation ProcessBy World Bank12. Key Issues for Consideration on the Proposed Rogun Hydropower ProjectBy World Bank Show Less -
LATEST DEVELOPMENTSThe Assessment Studies for the proposed Rogun Hydropower Project in Tajikistan have been finalized after the fifth round of riparian consultations was completed and comments from go... Show More +vernment and civil society stakeholders were carefully considered. This is the result of four years of independent, transparent, and consultative analysis to assess the feasibility of the proposed Rogun Hydropower Project from the technical, economic, environmental, and social perspectives. The final Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS) Phase 2 Summary Report and the final Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) Report were disclosed on September 1, 2014 on the Government of Tajikistan’s and the World Bank’s websites at www.energyprojects.tj and www.worldbank.org/eca/rogun/. In addition, the Panels of Experts’ reports and the World Bank report on the 5th riparian consultations were disclosed.The World Bank also disclosed on September 1 the "World Bank Note - Key Issues for Consideration on the Proposed Rogun Hydropower Project". The Note summarizes the process and key findings from the assessment. It also identifies additional issues for consideration in the context of the proposed project, including Sector and Economic Management Framework and Transboundary Water Management.All final reports can be downloaded here: Final Reports related to the Proposed Rogun HPP.BACKGROUNDIn response to a request by the Government of Tajikistan, the World Bank supported two studies to evaluate the viability of the proposed Rogun Hydropower Project (HPP) according to international standards:Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS)Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA)These Assessment Studies were conducted by international consultant firms contracted on a competitive basis by the Government of Tajikistan and financed through an IDA project with assistance of World Bank experts. The studies were contracted to two international firms and the procurement process was monitored closely by the World Bank. A consortium led by Coyne & Bellier undertook the TEAS (contact signed on February 8, 2011) while Poyry Energy Ltd. of Switzerland directed the ESIA (contract signed on March 25, 2011).The Assessment Studies examined the potential benefits and risks of the proposed Rogun HPP and comprehensively evaluate its technical, economic, social, and environmental viability based on international standards and practices and in accordance with the World Bank’s policies and procedures. The Studies are to provide the Government of Tajikistan, the other Central Asian countries and the international community, including the World Bank, with information about key elements associated with the proposed Rogun HPP, such as the project’s technical soundness and safety, economic viability and compliance with all relevant environmental and social safeguards.The World Bank’s overall engagement in the energy sector supports the Government of Tajikistan’s strategy to ensure reliable supply to consumers, deal with the severe winter energy shortages, reduce electricity system losses and strengthen financial management system to improve the financial condition of the energy sector, and develop a regional trade scheme to achieve sustainable export of summer surplus electricity.The World Bank’s Commitment to International StandardsIn supporting the Rogun Assessment Studies, the World Bank had an expanded role to ensure credible, transparent assessments that were open to international scrutiny and riparian dialogue. In this context, the World Bank funded two independent Panels of Experts: an Engineering and Dam Safety Panel and an Environmental and Social Impact Assessment Panel. The role of the Panels was to ensure due diligence and international quality standards, as well as objectivity and credibility through independent advice and guidance. The Panels of Experts were composed of recognized professionals selected by the World Bank; they questioned the assumptions of the consultants and requested additional data or investigations, where needed, to meet rigorous technical, economic, and social standards.The proposed Rogun HPP would be the highest dam in the world. Due to significant changes in hydropower development and climate science over the past three decades, it is critical that Tajikistan applies modern international knowledge and standards to ascertain the public safety and long-term economic viability of such a project.According to international practice, construction should not begin on any project before the technical, economic, and social viability is fully assessed. Otherwise, significant risks could be posed to public safety. In the spirit of internationally accepted norms, the World Bank and the Government of Tajikistan reached an understanding in 2010 that no new construction would commence until after the Assessment Studies have been prepared, reviewed by the Panels of Experts, then shared and discussed with riparian nations. It was also agreed that there would be no further resettlement of residents from the proposed reservoir area until there is a resettlement framework plan in place to provide proper compensation or alternative housing.Read more >> Show Less -
Through the Central Asia Energy Water Development Program (CAEWDP), the World Bank is partnering with Central Asian governments and development partners to strengthen energy and water securi... Show More +ty in the context of a changing global environment. The program identifies threats and opportunities, strengthens institutions, stimulates investments and builds a transparent knowledge platform to foster dialogue on issues of common concern.CAWEP is actively engaged in technical assistance on energy and water issues with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan and supports Turkmenistan and Afghanistan in regional engagements. The Bank also supports power sector interregional cooperation initiatives between Central Asia and South Asia. The proposed CASA-1000 project is one of these initatives and is the most advanced among others under CASAREM (Central Asia South Asia Regional Electricity Market). Read the latest correspondence on the matter here -- link.CA countries rank among the most climate change vulnerable in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region. The Bank is actively facilitating timely sharing of knowledge and experiences accumulated at the national and global levels, identifying gaps in knowledge, deepening coordination for addressing common challenges in a collaborative manner.The Central Asia Hydrometeorology Modernization Project (CAHMP) is another example of the Bank’s efforts to improve the accuracy and timeliness of delivery of weather, climate and hydrological services in the region with particular focus on Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan, as well as enabling regional cooperation in hydrometeorology, including through sharing of related information. In trade policy, the Bank’s team is supporting client countries in CA with policy analysis and technical assistance.The Central Asia Regional Trade activity, launched in FY 2013, is informing governments and stakeholders on number of components of a successful trade-agenda in the region, including analysis of outcomes and policies and recommendations to make trade integration more effective. However, the trade flows of Central Asia have an important bearing on transportation challenges. Within the region, distances are substantial and access to major markets involves very long travel distances.The rapid economic expansion of China, Russia, and other nearby countries creates an unprecedented opportunity for Central Asia to emerge as a hub for trade and commerce. Kazakhstan provides an example of the large effort deployed by the region to upgrade its transport infrastructure at a fast pace. The country embarked on an ambitious roads development program – the Western Europe - Western China (WE-WC) International Transit Corridor Project (part of CAREC).The Bank, with 2 projects of more than USD 3 billion in total, is the Government’s major development partner in the sector. Similar efforts are taking place in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, and to a lesser extend in the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan. Central Asia Regional One Health (CAR/OH) was the first regional multisectoral technical assistance project, addressing food safety and control of zoonoses (infectious disease transmitted from animals to humans) in Central Asia.While Central Asia Aids Project (CAAP) contributed to controlling the spread of HIV/AIDS by establishing regional mechanisms to support national HIV/AIDS programs in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, taking into account the region’s existing challenges, addressed common epidemic drivers and constraints.The World Banks is also resetting its engagement with the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program to improve cooperation with developments partners - Asian Development Bank (ADB) in delivering results for the Client Member Countries—Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, the People's Republic of China, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Mongolia, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. This will also help the WB leverage the CAREC platform for discussing and progressing on resolution of regional projects issues in ECA, SAR, and EAP more effectively. The other development partners of CAREC are European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), International Monetary Fund (IMF), Islamic Development Bank (IDB), and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Show Less -
Saroj Kumar JhaWorld Bank Regional Director for Central AsiaRead full profile >>Sebnem AkkayaCountry Manager for KazakhstanRead full profile >>Alex KremerCountry Manager for the Kyrgyz Rep... Show More +ublicRead full profile >>Marsha M. OliveCountry Manager for TajikistanRead full profile >>Agata PawlowskaLead Operations Officer for Central Asia, Country Manager for TurkmenistanRead full profile >>Takuya KamataCountry Manager for UzbekistanRead full profile >> Emanuel SalinasSector LeaderPrivate and Financial Sector DevelopmentCentral AsiaRead full profile >> Laurent Debroux Sector LeaderSustainable DevelopmentCentral AsiaRead full profile >>Nagaraju DuthaluriSenior Procurement SpecialistCentral AsiaRead full profile >>Christos KostopoulosLead Economist and Sector Leader for Macroeconomics and Poverty ReductionCentral AsiaRead full profile >> Show Less -
The Sustainable Energy for All initiative stands out as a strong example of what type of action is necessary to address energy concerns in the region. While two component... Show More +s of this UN-led initiative - increasing access to modern energy services and transitioning toward more renewable sources of energy - both present opportunities for countries in ECA to address their energy challenges, it is the third pillar of the initiative that presents the greatest opportunity for ECA: doubling the rate of improvement in energy efficiency.Over the last decade, The World Bank Group has committed more than $3 billion to the region for energy efficiency activities – helping countries like Belarus to reduce its energy intensity by 60% over the past 15 years and saving Uzbekistan 50,000 MWhs of energy that would otherwise be lost to inefficiencies. Total savings to the region from energy efficiency projects, programs, and initiatives over the last ten years are estimated at 42.5 TWh per year, or the total amount of power generated in New Zealand in 2010.In addition to being one of the most cost-effective ways to increase energy, energy efficiency efforts also create opportunities for countries in ECA to reduce GHG emissions. Investments in the region are already saving an estimated 7.5 million tons of CO2 every year – supporting green growth in cost–effective ways. Going forward, however, these commitments will need to be scaled up to avert an energy crisis in the region. Investments of about $3.3 trillion – or 3% of Gross Domestic Product in the region – will be necessary over the next 20 years. While substantial, many of these investments can pay for themselves in a few years. Evidence from countries in the Balkans has shown that energy efficiency measures there typically save 30-45 percent per building and have payback periods of approximately 6-8 years. Furthermore, cutting energy subsidies, protecting the poor, and investing in energy efficiency could mean that nearly half of the countries in ECA would gain more than 1 percent of GDP. Looking toward this future, The World Bank Group has recently renewed its commitment in this sphere with a call to scale up these initiatives according to the individual needs of countries in the region. Opportunities vary from country to country, but they include increasing the energy efficiency of existing infrastructure through rehabilitation, moderating demand for energy, adopting more efficient technologies, and making cities more energy efficient. These initiatives can help countries by simultaneously increasing their energy security, enhancing their economic growth, and reducing the environmental and social impacts of their energy sectors. By doing so, countries have the potential to increase industrial competitiveness, reduce the need for new power plants, and further forestall the impending regional energy crisis. Show Less -