Tajikistan's economy enjoyed about 8% growth annually over the past decade thanks to a favorable external environment and high prices for its main exports, but following the crisis it now faces challenges related to energy and to job creation.
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Central Asia is endowed with water and an abundance of rich and varied energy resources — hydropower, oil, gas, and coal. These resources can support increased agricultural production and have the pot... Show More +ential to exceed domestic energy demand to supply export markets.However, water and energy resources across the region are highly unbalanced and access to them is uneven. In some cases there is a lack of physical infrastructure and the outdated systems that exist are unreliable and inefficient. Some communities cannot meet citizens’ electricity needs during certain times of the year, while others lack adequate water supply.Hydropower resources are concentrated in the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan, the upstream countries of Central Asia’s Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers. Thermal resources are concentrated in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan. Thus, energy-water linkages are inextricable from perceptions of national security, regional stability and economic growth.The Central Asia Energy-Water Development Program (CAEWDP) recognizes that strengthened cooperation at the national and regional levels can lead to increased incomes, poverty reduction, sustainable development, shared prosperity, and political stability across the region.The program is building energy and water security by leveraging the benefits of enhanced cooperation. It aims to strengthen security through partnerships with all five Central Asian countries plus Afghanistan in regional initiatives and with development partners in the context of a changing global environment. CAEWDP delivers substantial technical expertise, analytics, and diagnostics for informed decision making and smart investments.WaterWater is a vital but disparate resource across the basin. In the summer, both the Syr Darya and the Amu Darya rivers have the potential to provide abundant low-carbon hydropower for the mountainous Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan. Downstream, these rivers are vital arteries for livelihoods — providing water for agriculture and local fisheries, and sustaining environmental ecosystems, human health, and electricity generation across Central Asia. Show Less -
The Central Asia region (CA) comprises the countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. It is a diverse region with a mix of upper m... Show More +iddle and low income countries with major strategic importance due to their geographic location and natural resource endowments.Read the World Bank in Central Asia brochure (PDF, 1.6 MB)The World Bank Group recently marked the 20th anniversary of its engagement in Central Asia. Over this period, the Bank has supported the efforts of the countries to improve the living standards of their people, promote economic growth, and ensure that future generations benefit from sound environmental practices and social development.The countries of Central Asia share more than just geography; they also share a similar legacy and, more importantly, a common vision for the future. Hence, the World Bank is increasingly approaching the development challenges of Central Asian countries through a regional lens. Such an approach facilitates cross-border cooperation and knowledge sharing and strengthens dialogue and collaboration between the countries.One example of this approach applied is the Migration and Remittances Peer-Assisted Learning (MiRPAL) network which shares country experiences in establishing dialogue on migration policy. In Tajikistan and the Kyrgyz Republic, MiRPAL helped establish country-specific migration strategies and action plans which were approved by the governments. Show Less -
Saroj Kumar JhaWorld Bank Regional Director for Central AsiaRead full profile >>Ludmilla ButenkoCountry Manager for KazakhstanRead full profile >> Jean-Michel HappiCountry Manager for... Show More + the Kyrgyz RepublicRead full profile >>Patricia Veevers-CarterCountry Manager for TajikistanRead full profile >> Agata PawlowskaLead Operations Officer for Central Asia, Country Manager for TurkmenistanRead full profile >>Junghun Сho Country Manager for UzbekistanRead full profile >> Christos KostopoulosLead EconomistCentral AsiaRead full profile >>Laurent Debroux Program LeaderAgriculture; Energy & Extractives; Water; Environment & Natural Resources; Transport & ICTCentral AsiaRead full profile >>Naveed Hassan NaqviProgram LeaderSocial Protection and Labor; Education; Health, Nutrition and Population; Urban, Rural, and Social DevelopmentCentral AsiaRead full profile >> Nagaraju DuthaluriSenior Procurement SpecialistCentral AsiaRead full profile >> Show Less -
1. Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS), Phase II : Executive SummaryBy Coyne Et Bellier2. Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS), Phase II : SummaryBy Coyne Et Bellier3. Techno-Economic Assessmen... Show More +t Study (TEAS), Phase II : Design CriteriaBy Coyne Et Bellier4. Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS), Phase II : Reservoir OperationBy Coyne Et Bellier5. Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS), Phase II : Reservoir Operation (Annexes)By Coyne Et Bellier6. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), Volume I: TextBy Poyry Energy Ltd.7. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), Volume II: AnnexesBy Poyry Energy Ltd.8. Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), Volume III: Environmental and Social Management PlanBy Poyry Energy Ltd.9. Final Report of the Engineering and Dam Safety Panel of Experts10. Final Report of the Environmental and Social Panel of Experts11. Report on the 5th Riparian Information-Sharing and Consultation ProcessBy World Bank12. Key Issues for Consideration on the Proposed Rogun Hydropower ProjectBy World Bank Show Less -
LATEST DEVELOPMENTSThe Assessment Studies for the proposed Rogun Hydropower Project in Tajikistan have been finalized after the fifth round of riparian consultations was completed and comments from go... Show More +vernment and civil society stakeholders were carefully considered. This is the result of four years of independent, transparent, and consultative analysis to assess the feasibility of the proposed Rogun Hydropower Project from the technical, economic, environmental, and social perspectives. The final Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS) Phase 2 Summary Report and the final Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) Report were disclosed on September 1, 2014 on the Government of Tajikistan’s and the World Bank’s websites at www.energyprojects.tj and www.worldbank.org/eca/rogun/. In addition, the Panels of Experts’ reports and the World Bank report on the 5th riparian consultations were disclosed.The World Bank also disclosed on September 1 the "World Bank Note - Key Issues for Consideration on the Proposed Rogun Hydropower Project". The Note summarizes the process and key findings from the assessment. It also identifies additional issues for consideration in the context of the proposed project, including Sector and Economic Management Framework and Transboundary Water Management.All final reports can be downloaded here: Final Reports related to the Proposed Rogun HPP.BACKGROUNDIn response to a request by the Government of Tajikistan, the World Bank supported two studies to evaluate the viability of the proposed Rogun Hydropower Project (HPP) according to international standards:Techno-Economic Assessment Study (TEAS)Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA)These Assessment Studies were conducted by international consultant firms contracted on a competitive basis by the Government of Tajikistan and financed through an IDA project with assistance of World Bank experts. The studies were contracted to two international firms and the procurement process was monitored closely by the World Bank. A consortium led by Coyne & Bellier undertook the TEAS (contact signed on February 8, 2011) while Poyry Energy Ltd. of Switzerland directed the ESIA (contract signed on March 25, 2011).The Assessment Studies examined the potential benefits and risks of the proposed Rogun HPP and comprehensively evaluate its technical, economic, social, and environmental viability based on international standards and practices and in accordance with the World Bank’s policies and procedures. The Studies are to provide the Government of Tajikistan, the other Central Asian countries and the international community, including the World Bank, with information about key elements associated with the proposed Rogun HPP, such as the project’s technical soundness and safety, economic viability and compliance with all relevant environmental and social safeguards.The World Bank’s overall engagement in the energy sector supports the Government of Tajikistan’s strategy to ensure reliable supply to consumers, deal with the severe winter energy shortages, reduce electricity system losses and strengthen financial management system to improve the financial condition of the energy sector, and develop a regional trade scheme to achieve sustainable export of summer surplus electricity.The World Bank’s Commitment to International StandardsIn supporting the Rogun Assessment Studies, the World Bank had an expanded role to ensure credible, transparent assessments that were open to international scrutiny and riparian dialogue. In this context, the World Bank funded two independent Panels of Experts: an Engineering and Dam Safety Panel and an Environmental and Social Impact Assessment Panel. The role of the Panels was to ensure due diligence and international quality standards, as well as objectivity and credibility through independent advice and guidance. The Panels of Experts were composed of recognized professionals selected by the World Bank; they questioned the assumptions of the consultants and requested additional data or investigations, where needed, to meet rigorous technical, economic, and social standards.The proposed Rogun HPP would be the highest dam in the world. Due to significant changes in hydropower development and climate science over the past three decades, it is critical that Tajikistan applies modern international knowledge and standards to ascertain the public safety and long-term economic viability of such a project.According to international practice, construction should not begin on any project before the technical, economic, and social viability is fully assessed. Otherwise, significant risks could be posed to public safety. In the spirit of internationally accepted norms, the World Bank and the Government of Tajikistan reached an understanding in 2010 that no new construction would commence until after the Assessment Studies have been prepared, reviewed by the Panels of Experts, then shared and discussed with riparian nations. It was also agreed that there would be no further resettlement of residents from the proposed reservoir area until there is a resettlement framework plan in place to provide proper compensation or alternative housing.Read more >> Show Less -
With a potential energy crisis looming for countries in Europe and Central Asia (ECA), guidance and resources provided by these initiatives are particularly important for countries this region – ... Show More +one of the most energy intensive regions in the world. Technical losses during transmission amount to 13% and 15% in Ukraine and Macedonia, respectively, and are as high as 20% in Tajikistan. Poorly constructed buildings throughout the region provide low heating and increase energy consumption at schools, places of work, and homes. Furthermore, while the region accounts for just 12 percent of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, this is twice the amount it should contribute, given its output. All of these factors contribute to an inadequate supply of affordable energy throughout the region – impacting households, especially poorer ones, in every country and prompting the need for action. Show Less -