GDP, current US$ billion
GDP per capita, current US$
School Enrollment, primary (% gross) (2016)
Life Expectancy at Birth, years (2016)
Landlocked, largely mountainous, and with a population of slightly over 6 million, the Kyrgyz Republic is a vibrant democracy that adopted a parliamentary system in 2011 and is one of the few lower-middle-income countries in the Europe and Central Asia region (GNI per capita of US$1,100 in 2016).
The country has experienced political and social instability since independence in 1991. Weak governance and entrenched corruption were major stress factors underlying political and social upheavals in 2005 and 2010.
The Kyrgyz economy is vulnerable to external shocks, owing to its reliance on one gold mine, Kumtor, which accounts for about 10% of GDP, and on worker remittances, equivalent to about 30% of GDP in 2011–15.
For the country to realize its growth potential—including to export hydroelectricity as a nexus for regional trade and transport and to promote tourism—economic activities need to be diversified through increased private sector development and improved occupational skills and productivity among the youth.
Above all, dramatic improvements in governance are required, as corruption remains pervasive in the public sector, posing binding constraints to economic growth, competitiveness, and social equity.
The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic has committed itself to improved governance at the national and local levels and reduced corruption as the basis for the country’s economic and social development.