GDP, current US$ billion
GDP per capita, current US$
School Enrollment, primary (% gross)
Life Expectancy at Birth, years (2016)
The Kyrgyz Republic is a land-locked, lower-middle-income country of 6 million people with rich endowments in agriculture, hydropower, and tourism.
The country has experienced political and social instability since independence in 1991. Corruption and nepotism were major stress factors underlying political and social upheavals in 2005 and 2010. To prevent the concentration of power in one office, a parliamentary constitution with elaborate checks and balances was adopted in late 2010.
The president elected under this constitution served a full term of six years marked by relative stability. Following peaceful elections, a successor took office in November 2017, and the new coalition Government, which is accountable to the parliament, has embarked on an ambitious reform agenda.
The Kyrgyz economy is vulnerable to external shocks owing to its reliance on one gold mine, Kumtor, which accounts for about 10% of GDP, and on worker remittances, equivalent to about 30% of GDP in 2011–16.
For the country to realize its growth potential—including to export hydroelectricity as a nexus for regional trade and transport and to promote tourism—economic activities need to be diversified through increased private sector development and improved occupational skills and productivity among the youth.