With a population of more than 1.2 billion, India is the world’s largest democracy. Over the past decade, the country’s integration into the global economy has been accompanied by economic growth. India has now emerged as a global player.
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Uttar Pradesh, the largest state in
India, has 170 million inhabitants who represent 16.2
percent of India's population. Uttar Pradesh (UP) is
classified as one of the... Show More + 'lagging states of India'
for its slow growth, low human development indicators and
high concentration of the poor. UP occupies an important
position in India because of its size and as a determinant
of the country's overall progress. UP has continuously
slipped behind India as a whole. Growth or the lack of it
has a mirror image in poverty trends. In the 1970s,
UP's poverty level was almost at the national average
and actually came below the all-India level in 1977-78.
Poverty climbed again in 1983. Since the 1990s, slow growth
in industry and services has been responsible for UP's
lag. The report is organized as: it starts with an
assessment of trends in growth, poverty, and inequality
presents in chapter one. It notes a slower reduction in
poverty in urban areas and in the Western and Eastern
regions. Chapter two presents a poverty profile, its
non-income dimensions and silent features of the dynamics of
poverty. Chapter three presents the underpinnings of growth
and reduction in poverty, the report examines patterns of
employment, wages and migration patterns in UP. Chapter four
focuses on the latent potential of the agricultural sector.
Chapters five and six examine trends, challenges and
achievements in education and health indicators. Chapter
seven addresses access to social assistance programs.
Chapter eight presents possible solutions for improving
delivery of services. Show Less -