The Global Indicators Group (DECIG) is part of the Development Economics Vicepresidency (DEC) of the World Bank Group (WBG) and it produces the following indicators and datasets: Doing Business; Enterprise Surveys; Subnational Doing Business, Women Business and the Law; Enabling the Business of Agriculture; and Global Indicators of Regulatory Governance. DECIG also works on the development of other pilot indicators including Living Life.
The World Bank Research and Development Center in Chile was established by the Government of Chile and the World Bank Development Economics Vice-presidency in 2017. DECIG’s work program in this Research Center is related with four of those indicators and datasets: Doing Business; Subnational Doing Business; Women Business and the Law; and Enabling the Business of Agriculture.
Globally, DECIG team members conduct primary data collection benchmarking country performance across a series of indicators on the business environment. They also conduct research based on these data, investigating the characteristics of the business environment that are most conducive to private sector-led growth, both at an economy-wide level and in the agricultural sector.
The work developed in Chile is an integral part of these teams’ global effort, with a focus on data collection and analysis relevant to the Latin America and the Caribbean region.
Doing Business provides quantified, comparable measures of business regulations and their enforcement across 190 economies. Published annually since 2003, it measures the efficiency and strength of laws, regulations and institutions relevant to domestic small and medium-size companies throughout their life cycle.
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The Doing Business team members in Chile manage and collect data for the Doing Business 2019 indicators in 33 countries in Latin American and the Caribbean Region, and conduct research on the level of red tape in the region and regulation affecting service exports. The results of this research will be published in two policy notes in June 2018 and March 2019.
Enterprise Surveys provide the world's most comprehensive comparable firm-level data in emerging markets and developing economies. Data are available on 130,000+ firms in 139 countries. Data cover a broad range of business environment topics including access to finance, corruption, infrastructure, crime, competition, and performance measures.
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The Research Center, in coordination with the Enterprise Survey team in Washington, DC is working on at least two policy notes using the data that is currently being finalized in the Latin American region: one on the effects of the burden of regulation on productivity and employment growth in the Latin American region and another on the role of enforceable contracts in explaining private sector growth. The results of this research will be published in two policy notes in June 2018.
Subnational Doing Business reports capture differences in business regulations and their enforcement across locations in a single country or region. They provide data on the ease of doing business, rank each location, and recommend reforms to improve performance in each of the indicator areas.
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The coordination of the implementation of two subnational studies in Brazil and Peru, where their national governments have expressed interest in the implementation of these studies starting in 2018, is being managed from the Center in Chile
Women, Business and the Law (WBL) measures gender inequality in the law. The dataset diagnoses legal barriers limiting women’s full economic participation and encourages policymakers to reform discriminatory laws and regulations. Its fifth edition covers 189 economies and 7 topics: Accessing institutions, Using property, Getting a job, Providing incentives to work, Going to court and Protecting women from violence.
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The management and data collection for all the economies inside Women, Business and the Law that belong to the Latin America and Caribbean region is being performed from the center. In addition, new research will be conducted to attempt to truly determined the extend of gender equality by going beyond the law and incorporating de facto situations.
Enabling the Business of Agriculture (EBA) focuses on identifying and monitoring regulations and policies that affect agriculture and agribusiness markets. The project aims to inform and encourage policy decisions that support inclusive participation in agricultural value chains and foster an environment that is conducive to local and regional business in agriculture. Six core topics were selected for the project's pilot phase: land, finance, seed, fertilizer, transport and markets. Three other topics have been identified for initial testing: contract farming, rural electrification, information and communication technology. Several others are being tackled in year 2 of the project’s implementation: agricultural mechanization, livestock, environmental sustainability, gender issues and access to water resources.
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The Enabling the Business of Agriculture team in the Center contributes to the next EBA data collection scale up to 80 countries, which is takingn place in 2018. The team in the Center coordinates data collection in 9 countries in Latin America and Caribbean and prepare a short policy note that describes EBA main results for the region. The team in the center also contributes to the to the analysis and research for the Enabling the Business of Agriculture 2019 report. This analysis will describe the legal and regulatory system for agribusiness in the Latin America region, such as whether there are regulations to facilitate financial institutions to provide financing for agriculture; the complexity of regulation, such as the ease of transporting agricultural goods; the burden of complying with regulation, such as the time and cost to certify new seed varieties, etc.