Cambodia is increasingly integrating with the region and has enjoyed a decade of macroeconomic stability and growth. However, its progress in meeting the Millennium Development Goals is uneven.
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There has been an overall increase in
the health status of Cambodians based on national household
surveys. Improved outcomes have been due to both increased
spending... Show More + on health and improved access, combined with
increased economic growth over this period. Significant
improvements have been made in reducing the under-five
mortality, lowering the fertility rate, increasing ANC
coverage, and reducing the prevalence of HIV/AIDS.
Challenges still exist for further increasing the coverage
for deliveries either in health facilities, or for those
attended by a health professional. Breastfeeding has
increased but poor complementary feeding practices are
clearly causing an increase in malnutrition indicators.
Providing women with primary or secondary education and
birth spacing services has a profound effect on reducing
infant or under five mortality rates. Womens education is
also positively associated with reducing childhood
illnesses; knowing when to seek medical assistance and what
treatments are effective. It is linked to higher vaccination
rates and reduced malnutrition indicators (wasting,
stunting, underweight). More research is needed on the
prevalence and incidence of chronic disease in Cambodia.
Using Vietnam data as a proxy may not always be appropriate.
Strengthening of the capacity for commissioning or
interpreting statistical analysis is needed to recognize
what research or survey data is comparable and what is not. Show Less -