A high rate of economic growth in Belarus – an average of about 8% annually from 2001 to 2011 – has helped reduce poverty almost seven-fold. A favorable external environment supported the economic growth in Belarus.
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ContextUrbanization, industrialization and motorization have intensified pollution, especially in developing countries. Vehicle exhaust, untreated wastewater, nitrogen fertilizer runoff, e-waste, dirt... Show More +y fuel burning, industrial emissions and toxic waste cause debilitating and fatal illnesses, destroy ecosystems and create unsustainable—even harmful—living conditions. The world’s poor, who can’t afford to protect themselves from the negative impact of pollution, end up suffering the most.In 2012, an estimated 9 million people died from air, water and land pollution, according to the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution. Environmental factors, especially air pollution, cause 24 percent of global disease and 13 percent of deaths every year. About 95 percent of adults and children impacted by pollution-related illnesses live in low and middle-income countries. Addressing and responding to pollution issues not only results in better health for people, but also brings economic gains from increased tourism, improved transport and energy efficiency. To save lives and maintain a livable world for future generations, we must better manage current pollution sources, clean up past pollution, and find innovative solutions for cleaner urban and rural practices. Implementing policies, tools and technologies for avoiding emissions and managing existing pollution sources could save millions of lives, prevent the loss of work hours due to disease, improve business productivity and increase urban and rural competitiveness.StrategyThe World Bank Group works with developing countries and development partners to reduce pollution, implement proper waste management, improve water and air quality and promote clean development. Between 2007 and 2012, 7.7% of Bank commitments—approximately US$ 18 billion—went to activities that addressed short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs). In 2014, the World Bank established a Pollution Management and Environmental Health (PMEH) program that will build upon experiences in urban and rural pollution reduction from around the world to promote more systematic and effective responses to rampant and deadly pollution.The Bank provides technical assistance, financing and knowledge products that cover:legacy pollution cleanup and land rehabilitation;management of different forms of waste including solid waste, industrial/e-waste, and wastewater;improving air quality through the reduction of indoor/outdoor air pollution, short lived climate pollutants and GHG emissions;improving water quality, both in freshwater and in oceans;promoting environmentally sustainable mining;helping countries improve environmental governance, regulation and enforcement.ResultsAir pollutionIn response to increased respiratory illnesses in Santiago, Chile, the Sustainable Transport and Air Quality program supported a long-term shift to more efficient and less polluting forms of urban transportation.In Bangladesh, the Bank is working to tackle pollution from the country’s two biggest polluters: brickfields and transport. To date, 11 stations have been installed in eight cities to monitor air pollutants and generate real time air quality data.More results:Curbing air pollution in Ulan BataarCleaner cookstoves for a Healthier IndonesiaCutting Short-Lived Climate PollutantsLand PollutionIn Africa, a $25 million program has removed over 3,000 tons of obsolete and dangerous pesticides from close to 900 contaminated sites in Ethiopia, Mali, Tanzania, Tunisia and South Africa.In Belarus, the Bank worked with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection to develop its capacity to treat and dispose of hazardous waste. The Bank supported a massive cleanup operation at the Slonim burial site, which excavated and disposed of up to 1750 tons of toxic obsolete pesticides.More results:Argentina Solid Waste ManagementCleaning up Uranium in ArgentinaKosovo Energy Sector Cleanup and Land ReclamationRidding Moldova of Toxic ChemicalsSolid Waste Management in IndonesiaWater pollutionIn China, the Bank helped the government establish integrated management of water resources and the environment in the Hai Basin. Between 2004 and 2011, the project reduced wastewater discharge, cleaned over 6 million m3 of polluted sediment from the Dagu Canal, and improved living conditions for millions of people. Also in China, the Bank helped improve water and wastewater services for residents in Ningbo by financing investments in a water intake tower and tunnel, water treatment plant, water transmission pipes, sewers and pumping stations, greatly reducing pollution loads discharged into Hangzhou Bay.In Vietnam, the Bank supported the clean-up of the Nhieu Loc-Thi Nghe canal, creating more sanitary living conditions for 1.2 million people.More results:Kazakhstan Nura River Cleanup ProjectControlling pollution in Croatia’s Coastal WatersWastewater treatment and landfills ease pollution in China’s Yangtze River Show Less -