Argentina is one of the largest economies in South America. In recent years, the government has focused in promoting economic development along with social inclusion with the support of the World Bank.
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The Argentine .health sector faces the
challenge of improving its performance and finding options
for resolving its chronic problems of inequity, inefficiency
and w... Show More +eak regulatory framework. These challenges have become
more pressing in light of the country's economic and
social crisis. The main objective of all efforts to reform
the health sector should be to improve the health status of
the population, especially the poorest and most vulnerable.
The federal nature of Argentina and its marked heterogeneity
constitute the framework within which reforms must progress.
Thus, the role of the provinces in health sector performance
is key. The national government is responsible for guiding,
coordinating, regulating and providing incentives for
provincial efforts to improve health outcomes. This includes
guaranteeing that other sub-sectors (i.e. social security
insurers) contribute to health sector goals, and that there
are effective instruments and forums to inspire better
provincial coordination and articulation. There are concrete
options to improve the Argentine health sector's
response to the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable.
Options that stand out include: (i) strengthening the
provincial health insurance function (for instance, by
developing provincial public health insurance schemes); (ii)
improving the management of public providers by linking
financing to performance and avoiding cross-subsidies; (iii)
ensuring the adequate functioning of the social security
sub- system; and (iv) protecting and strengthening priority
public health programs. The establishment of a solid
framework for stewardship, regulation and sector dialogue
will contribute to the advancement and sustainability of
these reforms. Show Less -