Dr. Ramesh Govindaraj is a Lead Health Specialist in the South Asia Human Development Department of the World Bank. Dr. Govindaraj has an MD in Ophthalmology from the University of Delhi and an M.S. in Health Policy and Management and a D.Sc. in International Health Economics and Policy from Harvard University. He has over 25 years of development experience, working in a diverse settings including as a practicing physician in India, in an international NGO based in California, in the research-based pharmaceutical industry in New Jersey, and as a senior researcher at Harvard University. Prior to joining the Bank, he spent many years in the field, living and working in the Africa, South Asia and East Asia regions. In addition to his leadership role on health systems and health care financing, he is one of only two pharmaceutical experts working in the World Bank. Ramesh has also published influential pieces in peer reviewed pharmaceuticals, health and development journals and edited volumes. He continues to hold adjunct appointments at leading universities in the United States.