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Life Expectancy
Complete these exercises with information from Chart 2.
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Chart 2. Infant Mortality Rate, 1980 and 1998 (deaths per 1,000 live births)
1. Look at Chart 2 and answer the following questions:
a. What was the infant mortality rate for low-income countries in 1998?
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b. What was the infant mortality rate for high-income countries in 1998?
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c. How much more likely is it for a newborn baby to die within its first year in a low-income country versus a high-income country?
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d. Why do you think this is the case?
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2. Look at the table below and then answer the questions.
  Population
(1998)
Infant Mortality Rate
per 1000 Live Births
(1998)
Number of
Infant Deaths
(1998)
Country A 1,160,000,000 31 575,360
Country B 6,000,000 6 792
Country C 16,900,000 134 92,840
a. What country had the lowest infant mortality rate in 1998?
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b. Which country had the most infant deaths in 1998?
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c. What country can you assume has high life expectancy at birth? Why?
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d. What is the difference between "infant mortality rate per 1000 live births" and "number of infant deaths"?
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e. Why is "infant mortality rate per 1000 live births" a better statistic to use than "number of infant deaths" for comparing countries than "number of infant deaths"?
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f. Based on the table, what country faces the greatest challenge in increasing its life expectancy rate at birth?
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3. If more newborn babies lived, what might be the effect on each of the following? Give reasons for your responses.
a. The number of productive adults in 15 or 20 years
b. The attitudes of parents about having children
c. School enrollment in five or six years
d. The need for jobs in 15 or 20 years
e. Attitudes toward family planning
f. A family's educational costs
g. A family's need for food
h. A country's need for food
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