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Life Expectancy
 
Complete these exercises with information from Photo 2.

Photo 2 Exercises with Answers


Photo courtesy of Dr. J. Losos.

1. Look at the photograph. Describe what you see. [A young child is smoking a cigarette.]

2. Would this be a common scene in your country? Why or Why not? [Answers will vary.]

3. In which country was this photograph taken? [Mexico]

4. Find the country in the World and Regional Map Gallery. What region is it in? [North and Central America and the Caribbean]

5. Find the country in the Basic Data Tables and determine if it is a low-, middle-, or high-income economy. [It is a middle-income economy.]

6. According to the Basic Data Tables, what is the country's life expectancy at birth for 1998? Its population growth rate for 1980–1998? Its GNP per capita for 1998? The percentage of its 1990–1996 population with access to safe water? [72 years; 1.9%; $3,840; 83%]

7. What do you think life is like for the average person in this country? Support your answer. [Answers will vary, but should take into account the possible effects of the life expectancy, population growth rate, GNP per capita, and the percentage of the population with access to safe water on the quality of life.]

8. What, if any, of the activity shown in the photograph might help improve living standards in industrial countries? In developing countries? [Answers will vary. This activity might improve living standards in industrial or developing countries that grow tobacco or manufacture cigarettes. It will have a negative effect on living standards in countries where people—especially children—take up the smoking habit.]

9. Which sector of development (i.e., social, economic or environmental) is best represented by the photograph? [social] Explain your answer. [Answers will vary.] Is it possible for this photograph to represent other sectors as well? [economic] In what way? [Answers will vary.]

10. In what ways might the activity in the photograph encourage sustainable development? In what ways might it discourage sustainable development? Explain your answers. [Answers will vary. Smoking does not encourage sustainable development. It discourages sustainable development because in the long run smoking causes cancer and lung and heart disease. If many young people become addicted to tobacco, there will be an increase in the need for costly medical care and a loss of productivity.]

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