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Life Expectancy
 
Complete these exercises with information from the Map.

Map Exercises with Answers


Map. Life Expectancy at Birth, 1990-98

1. Study the world Map and answer the following questions:

  1. What color on the map represents countries with higher life expectancies? [Green (or black if using black and white print out)] Where do these countries tend to be located? [North and Central America, Western Europe, and parts of East Asia and the Pacific, South America, and Middle East and North Africa]
  2. What color represents countries with lowest life expectancies? [Red (or dark gray if using black and white print out)] Where do these countries tend to be located? [Sub-Saharan Africa]
  3. What assumptions might you make about living conditions in the region with the lowest life expectancies? [The people may not have enough nutritious food to eat; they may lack access to safe water; they probably have limited access to primary health care and education; they probably have relatively low incomes.]

2. Look at the Map and list five countries in which life expectancy at birth is less than 50 years, five in which it is between 50 and 59 years, five in which it is 60 to 69 years, and five in which it is 70 years or more.

  1. Now look at the Basic Data Tables, and find the economic group of each country on your list: low-income, middle-income, and high-income. [Answers will vary.]
  2. Use this information to make a general statement describing the relationship between life expectancy at birth and income level. [Answers will vary. Most high-income countries tend to have high life expectancy at birth. Low-income countries tend to have low life expectancy at birth. Life expectancy in middle-income countries tends to range in between. There are exceptions. For example, low-income countries such as Armenia, and middle-income countries such as Sri Lanka, and Cuba have life expectancy at birth of more than 70 years.]
  3. What assumptions can you make about living conditions in the countries in each category of life expectancy at birth? [High-income: Living conditions, including nutritious food, health care, clean water, sanitation, and education, are available for most people. Middle-income: Living conditions improved rapidly in recent decades. More people have access to nutritious food, health care, clean water, sanitation, and education. Low-income: People may not have access to adequate nutritious food, safe water, sanitation, health care, and education.]
  4. How might living conditions differ in low- or middle-income countries such as Armenia, Sri Lanka, or Cuba whose life expectancy at birth is 70 years or more? [Access to nutritious food, safe water, sanitation, health care, and education may be adequate, and possibly similar to high-income countries. Other conditions such a jobs, incomes, or housing, and the availability of other goods and services, however, may still be far below the level of high-income countries.]
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