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Access to Safe Water
 
Complete these exercises with information from Photo 1.

Photo 1 Exercises with Answers


Photo courtesy of the InterAmerican Development Bank.

1. Look at the photograph. Describe what you see. [A woman is holding a beaker of clean water at a water treatment plant.]

2. Would this be a common scene in your country? Why or why not? [Answers will vary.]

3. In which country was this photograph taken? [Colombia]

4. Find the country in the world and regional map gallery. What region is it in? [South America]

5. Find the country in the Basic Data Table and determine if it is a low-, middle-, or high-income economy. [It is a middle-income economy.]

6. According to the Basic Data Table, what is this country's projected population growth rate for 1998-2015? [1.3%] Its 1998 life expectancy at birth? [70 years] Its 1998 GNP per capita? [$1,910] The percentage of its 1990-1996 population with access to safe water? [96%]

7. What do you think life is like for the average person in this country? Support your answer. [Answers will vary, but should take into account the possible effects of the population growth rate, the GNP per capita, and the percentage of the population with access to safe water on the quality of life.]

8. What, if any, aspects of the activity shown in the photograph might help improve living standards in industrial countries? In developing countries? [Possible answer: In both industrial and developing countries, treating wastewater can reduce environmental pollution and improve the quality of water used for drinking and recreation. Improvements in the water supply can ensure a more healthy population, thus increasing the productivity of the workers and improving the overall quality of life.]

9. Which sector of development (i.e., social, economic or environmental) is best represented by the photograph? [Environmental] Explain your answer. Is it possible for this photograph to represent other sectors as well? In what way? [Answers will vary.]

10. In what ways might the activity in the photograph encourage sustainable development? In what ways might it discourage sustainable development? Explain your answer. [Possible answer: By removing pollutants from water before returning it to the environment, people make sure that their use of water now does not compromise their ability to use it later. Also, treating wastewater ensures that the environment does not become damaged by the pollutants present in the human, industrial and agricultural waste in sewage.]
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