Kyiv, April 4, 2014 - Ukraine should implement a series of urgent economic reforms in the near future to enable it to achieve strong economic growth and create good quality jobs in the next few years, says a new World Bank Economic Update for Ukraine. Delaying the reforms is no longer an option because macroeconomic instability and stagnating growth are beginning to take a toll on the ordinary citizens in Ukraine.
A weak global economy, large macroeconomic imbalances that accumulated in the past few years, and structural reforms that were long delayed have choked growth in Ukraine. Real GDP growth remained flat in the past two years, accompanied by widening macroeconomic imbalances. Growing fiscal and current account imbalances – coupled with a de facto fixed exchange rate – have put pressure on the reserves. In 2014, the World Bank expects to see a 3 percent-decline in real GDP, driven by a fall in both consumption and fixed investment. Ukraine urgently needs macroeconomic stabilization to underpin growth. If a proper policy mix is adopted quickly, growth will resume in 2015 driven by the private sector. The World Bank projects GDP growth to reach 3 percent in 2015 driven by increased business activity and foreign investment. Inflation will rise in 2014 because of tariff increases and depreciation but is set to decline gradually if appropriate policies are adopted.