Over 17,000 families to benefit from construction of hazard-resilient houses
WASHINGTON, June 20, 2013 - The World Bank today approved a $236 million credit aimed at increasing the resilience of coastal communities to a range of hazards by enhancing mitigation measures along coastal Tamil Nadu and Puducherry in India.
The Tamil Nadu and Puducherry Coastal Disaster Risk Reduction Project will address the multiple challenges that these communities face as a result of their exposure to natural hazards with a focus on risk reduction and mitigation.
The coastal areas of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry are densely populated and are endowed with significant natural resources. However, the coastal population and its economic assets are prone to multiple hazards including high frequency and high intensity cyclones, threat of rising sea levels, storm surges, coastal floods, degradation of mangroves and shelterbelts and severe depletion of ground water resources. On an average, a moderate to severe cyclone strikes the Tamil Nadu coast every two years. Over the past century, 55 cyclones have crossed Tamil Nadu.
Some of the poorest and most vulnerable communities in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry live in the zone up to 1,000 meters from the high tide line and its immediate vicinity. They would be the primary beneficiaries of the project. These communities mainly comprise of fishers, farmers and other allied professions. Some 150 coastal villages will benefit from the risk mitigation infrastructure which will get created through the project. Over 17,000 families will benefit from the construction of permanent multi-hazard resilient houses. The project will also build evacuation infrastructure including shelters, access roads and early warning systems. Disaster management curriculums for schools and training institutions will help benefit a large community of school children and trainees.
“These coastal areas in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry are highly vulnerable to natural and man-made disasters that can push millions into poverty and turn back the developmental clock by many years. We hope our partnership with the government of India will improve disaster management, preventing the kind of loss of life and livelihood we saw during the 2004 tsunami,” said Onno Ruhl, World Bank country director for India.
The fisheries sector is one of the most vulnerable sectors in the coastal zone. In order to strengthen the livelihood of the people dependent on fishing, the project will help upgrade its infrastructure, develop an approach for co-management of fisheries and address issues related to safety at sea. The project will also help build the capacity of government institutions, civil society organizations and vulnerable communities to deal with disaster risks. Community based disaster risk management approach will be used to empower communities and increase their resilience to natural hazards.
“The project will address multiple hazard-related challenges faced by the people of coastal Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Puducherry with a focus on risk reduction and mitigation,” said Deepak Singh, senior disaster risk management specialist, World Bank and the project’s team leader. “The project will also work towards integrating with the previous World Bank-supported Emergency Tsunami Reconstruction Project taking into account the lessons from other disaster events faced by this coast, and build capacity of various government institutions and that of vulnerable coastal communities,” he added.
Construction of about 14,400 multi-hazard resilient permanent houses, which started under the previous Emergency Tsunami Reconstruction Project, across 11 coastal districts in Tamil Nadu, will be completed under this project. It will also construct about 120 multipurpose evacuation shelters and install about 440 early warning systems along with evacuation routes with signages. In addition, about 1,000 km of overhead electrical network will be replaced with underground cables to minimize the damages from cyclones and floods.
Several of the activities under the project could also help leverage each other. For example, improving roads and rehabilitating bridges for better connectivity in the event of a disaster could, in the long-term, help increase access to health care, education and markets. In addition, evacuation shelters could also function as community halls, school classrooms, and vocational training centers.
India is highly vulnerable to natural hazards. Studies indicate that India losses up to 2% of GDP and up to 12% of government revenues due to natural disasters. About 5,700 km of India’s coastline is exposed to severe cyclones and about 40% of the total population lives within 100 km of the coastline. As climate change becomes more pronounced, hazard events are expected to grow and intensify.
India has made great strides in implementing disaster preparedness and risk reduction initiatives. It has enacted the Disaster Management Act in 2005 and established the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMAs). NDMA has proactively formulated guidelines and procedures for dealing with specific natural disasters.
The project will be financed by a credit from the International Development Association (IDA) – the World Bank’s concessionary lending arm – which provides interest-free loans with 25 years to maturity and a grace period of five years.