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Philippines: A Decade of Building the Foundations for Peace

September 15, 2015

Women play a vital role in ensuring the success and sustainability of projects under the Bank-managed Mindanao Trust Fund (MTF) to assist the socio-economic recovery of conflict-affected communities in Mindanao in southern Philippines.

World Bank Group

  • Decades of conflict in Mindanao, Southern Philippines has led to poverty and underdevelopment.
  • The Mindanao Trust Fund managed by the World Bank was established to promote peace and development in conflict-affected areas.
  • Since 2005, the program has delivered community development and livelihood programs to over 500,000 people in more 75 municipalities.

Decades of violence left a legacy of poverty and social tension in the conflict-affected areas of Mindanao in southern Philippines. But in hundreds of villages like Bongabong, the Mindanao Trust Fund-Reconstruction and Development Program (MTF-RDP) has been working to promote social cohesion between Muslims, Christians and Indigenous Peoples – building a foundation for peace.

In 2015, the MTF-RDP marks a decade of support of the Bangsamoro Development Agency (BDA). As the development arm of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front or MILF (a revolutionary organization), involved in a peace process with the Government of the Philippines, the BDA is unique. Few revolutionary organizations welcome development programs ahead of a peace agreement, seeing them as counter-insurgency. Even fewer governments have the courage to help an armed group to set up a development agency and even to facilitate international support for that group while peace talks are ongoing.

At the same time, both the government and the MILF were aware that many peace agreements fail because armed groups adept at war generally lack the capacity to govern.

The establishment of the BDA in 2002 was intended to address this challenge by creating a cadre of development professionals within the ranks of the MILF to help them prepare for a post-peace agreement scenario.

Since 2005, the MTF-RDP has provided intensive financial and technical support to help develop the BDA as an institution. Beginning as a group of volunteers with little or no development experience, most BDA personnel were medical doctors, unfamiliar with the world of local planning, community organization, procurement, financial management and institutional development.

In the initial years the program progressed slowly and deliberately. Capacity was built was not through lectures and training but by doing. The MTF started operations on the ground in six pilot villages, following the community-driven development (CDD) approach.
“When the Bangsamoro Development Agency came to our place, we were worried that they would recruit us – an Indigenous Peoples community – as combatants. This was not the case. They guided us on the community-driven development process from planning to implementation. The BDA visited us regularly. I would like to say that we have become friends,” said Rolando de la Cerna, Indigenous community leader, Bongabong village, Compostela Valley.

CDD puts communities at the heart of development, empowering them to analyze their own development challenges, identify solutions and then implement, operate and monitor their own sub-projects such as access roads, water systems, post-harvest facilities and community centers.

The community-driven approach was consistent with the MILF’s grassroots perspective on development. It also helped the BDA learn the real challenges of delivering development on the ground. As the Chair of the BDA Board, Dr. Saffrullah Dipatuan observed, “This gave us the advantage of knowing the actual condition of the community.”

A decade on with the support of the MTF and other partners, the BDA is now established as a leading development agency for the Bangsamoro people, with over 300 staff operating in seven regional offices across Mindanao.

It has delivered services to hundreds of thousands of people. And it has prepared the Bangsamoro Development Plan, a comprehensive economic blueprint for the Bangsamoro region. As Dr. Dipatuan remarked, “The MTF was able to build our capacity to fulfil our mandate to participatively determine, lead and manage relief, rehabilitation and development in conflict-affected areas in Mindanao.”

By bringing together the MILF and the government, the program has also played an important confidence-building role. As the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process, Secretary Teresita Quintos-Deles stated, through the MTF the parties have been able to grow the capacity to work together for governance and development. “There has been a lot of confidence and goodwill built,” she said.

At its core though, the MTF-RDP has been about building understanding and supporting economic opportunity and access to services at the grassroots level. As Marina Sioson, also a resident of Bongabong recounted, “My husband who is in the Army, did not want me to be part of the [project], because he said the Bangsamoro Development Agency will convert us into Muslims. I joined just the same because I was curious. The BDA’s Values Transformation Training did not preach Islam but rather discussed values that I as a Christian shared. The sessions allowed us to ask questions about their customs and they asked about ours. In the end I realized we were all the same, wanting better things for our family and our community.”

•    Since 2005, the Mindanao Trust Fund (MTF) has expanded to deliver community development and livelihood programs to over 500,000 people in more than 215 villages in 75 municipalities across Mindanao.
•    The MTF has helped the Bangsamoro Development Agency (BDA) transform into an organization with over 300 people in seven regional offices across conflict-affected areas of Mindanao.
•    MTF’s partners, Community and Family Services International, the Mindanao Land Foundation, Inc., and the International Labour Organization, provided hands-on mentoring to BDA to help implement projects.
•    In November 2014, the BDA launched the Bangsamoro Development Plan (BDP) which will provide a roadmap for the economic development of the Bangsamoro area. It is considered to be the first such plan prepared by a non-state armed group anywhere in the world.
•    The MTF has received $29 million in financial assistance from the European Union, the governments of Sweden, Australia, Canada, the United States, New Zealand and the World Bank. For more information, please see www.mtf.ph