Economic transition in Central and Eastern Europe brought changes to employment and social outcomes. Over the past two and a half decades, employment patterns and social policies changed in the region. Moving away from centrally planned economy frequently resulted in divergent processes, reflecting different policy approaches adopted by countries. This seminar focuses on analyzing changes in labor market engagement of women that in turn affect future coverage and level of pension system protection. Pension reforms that were introduced after the economic transition led to closer links between labor market histories and pension levels, which frequently has specific effects on women. Analysis shows that the current gender pension gap is likely to increase in the future. Reducing the future gender gap in pensions requires, above all, good labor market policies, including those that aim to reconcile work and family life.
Robert Palacios, Team Leader for Pensions GSG, Social Protection & Labor Global Practice, World Bank Group
Lucia Hanmer, Lead Economist, Gender CCSA, World Bank Group
Agnieszka Chlon-Dominczak, Warsaw School of Economics
Anita M. Schwarz, Lead Economist, Social Protection & Labor Global Practice, World Bank Group