FEATURE STORY

Stepping Up Anti-Poaching Efforts in Gabon’s Natural Parks

May 23, 2017


World Bank Group

STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • Gabon alone has 13 national parks teeming with numerous animal species, including the world’s largest leatherback turtle population.
  • However, many of these species, even those in protected areas, are being threatened by poachers. This is the case with forest elephants, whose numbers have plummeted by almost 80 percent in just 10 years.
  • A national wetland zone management strategy is being drafted to address this problem.

LIBREVILLE, May 23, 2017—Walking meters from a herd of elephants, watching hippopotamuses splashing about in the mangroves to cool down, or observing young tarpon leaping in and out of the water is, without a doubt, a magnificent and unforgettable spectacle. Marveling at these sights is still possible at the Setté Cama site in Ogooué-Maritime province in southwestern Gabon. But for how much longer?

The Setté Cama and Petit Loango wetlands are protected under the Ramsar Convention and essentially incorporate five distinct environments: swamps and prairies, permanently flooded forests, terra firma forests, coastal plains, and two large lagoons replete with numerous mangroves and rivers. The sites, which cover a total area of 370,000 hectares, are home to exceptional species of fauna and flora, a deep knowledge and understanding of which is required to more effectively protect them.

It is with this goal in mind that the World Bank decided to finance the Sustainable Management of Critical Wetlands Project for Gabon (PAZH). The objective of this project, the implementation of which began in July 2014, is to enhance the protection of biodiversity in forest wetlands and help implement conservation measures for the sustainable management of these ecosystems.

Anicet Megne also works on the PAZH project. Standing at 1.83 meters, this 52-year-old conservationist relentlessly monitors the national park’s biodiversity and ecosystems with his teams of eco-guards. “We are responsible for securing and protecting the habitat. Loango is a flagship park with elephants, gorillas, buffalo, and monkeys, and that’s just the mammals. However, the violations that we are seeing affect all animals. We are dealing primarily with illegal fishing and poaching,” he explains.

“The financial and material support that we receive from the PAZH project allows us to both cover a wider area of the RAMSAR-classified sites and to protect the fauna and flora in these areas better,” he adds.


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Weaving provides a source of income to people living in these protected riverine areas, particularly women.

Photo: Odilia Hebga/Banque mondiale

The first component of this project seeks to improve the knowledge and monitoring of ecosystems in critical wetlands. In becoming a party to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands in 1987, Gabon undertook to register one or more sites on the Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance (WII). All told, Gabon has to date registered nine sites, including the Setté Cama site, on the Ramsar Site list, totaling 2.8 million hectares. Four Ramsar sites—Setté Cama, Petit Loango, Birougou, and Bas-Ogooué—have been selected by the PAZH project.

“These aquatic ecosystems perform myriad environmental functions, are rich in biodiversity, and provide many other goods and services to the communities. Protecting them is therefore important,” explains Salimata Follea, World Bank Task Team Leader and Senior Natural Resources Management Specialist.

The monitoring system for wetland ecosystems is in place and is operational. The project provided field equipment to the National Agency for National Parks (ANPN), including six vehicles, a boat, three canoes, a shuttle, navigation equipment, computers, and camping materials. It therefore seeks to build the capacity of, and improve working conditions for, the teams tasked with combating all forms of trafficking. 

With a view to further strengthening the capacity to monitor these sites, the World Bank opted to provide additional support via financing from the Global Environment Facility (GEF), which will make it possible to hire more eco-guards and build monitoring posts in strategic locations. These tall, wooden structures will enable teams to provide more effective surveillance and intervene more promptly.

The PAZH project is being financed by a GEF grant worth US$7.521 million.