In Burkina Faso, the Bank is promoting conservation through a participative approach to the governance of natural resources. Communities work together to map competing land uses, design co-management systems, and decide how to restore the land for increased productivity, income, food and energy security. The World Bank-financed Decentralized Forest and Woodland Management Project, which is part of a $45 million Forest Investment Program, supports the government’s vision based on an integrated landscape management approach. People have switched to improved stoves and biodigesters to reduce wood collection by up to 45% and cut down smoke inhalation and indoor air pollution. They have delineated 77 spaces for conservation and plan to restore 23,000 hectares of land.
In Colombia, cultivation of the cacay fruit is introducing profitable livelihood opportunities across the Orinoquia region. The potential for more stable and higher income streams from this tree, which grows natively along the base of the Andes mountains, motivates farming communities to further conserve the local environment. The country’s recently launched US$20 million program with the World Bank’s BioCarbon Fund Initiative for Sustainable Forest Landscapes, is focused on promoting sustainable agricultural production like this to help reduce emissions from the land use sector.
In Zambia, where more frequent and intense droughts and floods have led to food, water and energy insecurity, the World Bank is working with the government to implement a US$33 million-dollar integrated landscape program. The program promotes co-management of resources with communities who depend on them and works across sectors to introduce better land-use planning and integrated natural resource management in the country’s Eastern Province. Some five million hectares of tropical miombo forests and grasslands, which are home to globally significant biodiversity, were also put under conservation and will benefit from results-based payments for carbon sequestration. A new $100 million project on Transforming Landscapes for Resilience and Development will build on these results and benefit more than 550,000 people, of whom at least half are women. Farmers will be able to sustainably use their resources, have better yields and not need to clear new forest areas.
In Mozambique, an Integrated Landscape Management (ILM) Portfolio brings together a series of projects to promote an integrated landscape approach to sustainably manage natural resources and improve livelihoods in the country’s most vulnerable rural communities. In a country where over 70% of households rely on natural resources, the ILM Portfolio promotes a healthy coexistence between humans and nature by tackling deforestation and resource exploitation, together with challenges such as rural poverty, community rights and land management. Combining on-ground investments, technical assistance, analytical work and results-based finance, the over USD $500 million portfolio supports the Government of Mozambique improve rural livelihoods, promote small and medium businesses linked to agriculture and natural resources, with an emphasis on women and youth, and encourage the sustainable management of natural resources, including curbing deforestation, resource degradation, and illegal timber and wildlife trade.
In Burundi, a country where 90 percent of the population relies on natural resources for food, income, and jobs, efforts to restore degraded landscapes are also rebuilding hope for a better future. The coffee sector accounts for 90 percent of the country’s foreign exchange. Yet, severe land degradation led to a decrease in coffee production from 40,000 tons in the mid-1990s to as low as 5,700 tons in 2003. The $4.2 million Sustainable Coffee Landscapes Project has helped to reverse this decline in productivity by placing over 4,400 hectares under sustainable land management practices. Under IDA18 and GEF7, the $36 million Landscape Restoration and Resilience Project will further scale up restoration of degraded landscapes and increase land productivity by 20 percent.
In Ethiopia, with support from World Bank-financed projects, communities have successfully transformed their degraded environment into green and productive land. Under the Sustainable Land Management Project, about 406,000 hectares of land have been sustainably managed which will be expanded to 1.4 million hectares under the $100 million Resilient Landscapes and Livelihoods Project. About 3.2 million people will benefit from better water access, greater food security, higher yields, and diversified sources of income – resulting in more resilient livelihoods. Nearly half a million households will also have legal land certificates, including 11,000 landless youth who received land certificates in exchange for restoring degraded communal lands. These results will be significantly scaled-up through the $500 million Climate Action through Landscape Management Program for Results which aims to restore an additional 2.5 million hectares of land and provide 8 million new rural landholding certificates.