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Livability and Sustainability of Cities

The World Bank Group is strategically and selectively expanding engagement in the urban sector through raising the urban policy dialogue, institutional strengthening, and leveraging finance for urban development. The World Bank Group focuses on three priority areas to unleash growth potential and enhance livability of cities — improving urban governance and finance, investing in more inclusive and equitable cities, and shaping city forms to create urban footprints that are more green, livable, and productive through emphasis on green transport and improved air quality.

$ 2.46 billion committed (IBRD/IDA)

$ 0.67 billion disbursed

Commitments are the sum of amounts of financing that the World Bank has committed to support lending operations towards achieving the objective of (fill in title of objective). Disbursements are the sum of financing spent by operations towards achieving this objective.

Results indicators


  • Shimla Water Supply and Sewerage Service Delivery Reform Programmatic Development Policy Loan 1

    The development objective of Shimla Water Supply and Sewerage Service Delivery Reform First Programmatic Development Policy Loan (DPL) Project for India is to support the government of Himachal Pradesh (GoHP) in its policy and institutional development program for improving water supply and sewerage services that are financially sustainable and managed by an accountable institution responsive to its customers. This DPL, the first of three, supports the implementation of the GoHP’s medium-term program for improving Water Supply and Sewerage (WSS) services, starting with the Greater Shimla Area. This marks a departure from the traditional short-term crisis handling approach of the past in Himachal Pradesh’s Water Supply and Sewerage WSS sector. To achieve the Project Development Objective (PDO), the operation supports three key pillars of the government program: (i) Improving governance, managerial and financial autonomy; (ii) Increasing the efficiency of WSS operations; (iii) Increasing customer orientation and accountability, complemented by a cross-cutting capacity building effort. This program is consistent with the World Bank Group’s Country Partnership Framework (CPF) FY18-22. The CPF focuses on a more resource-efficient growth path for India, in which improving living conditions and sustainability of cities through improving water systems is a direct contributor. The program directly contributes to the World Bank Group’s twin goals of ending extreme poverty and promoting shared prosperity. This DPL is supporting public sector reforms, including improving operational and financial sustainability of services through an autonomous and accountable WSS Company and thus strengthening the capacity of Shimla Municipal Corporation (SMC) and GoHP to improve services. This will improve the credit-worthiness of Shimla Jal Prabandhan Nigam Limited (SJPNL) and enhance the chan

  • IN National Ganga River Basin Project

    The objectives of the National Ganga River Basin Project for India are to support the National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) in: (a) building capacity of its nascent operational-level institutions, so that they can manage the long-term Ganga clean-up and conservation program; and (b) implementing a diverse set of demonstrative investments for reducing point-source pollution loads in a sustainable manner, at priority locations on the Ganga. There are two components to the project, the first component being institutional development. The objectives of this component are to build functional capacity of the NGRBA's operational institutions at both the central and state levels, and to provide support to associated institutions for implementing the NGRBA program. Its sub-components include: (i) NGRBA operationalization and program management, (ii) technical assistance for Urban Local Body (ULB) service providers, and (iii) technical assistance for environmental regulators. The second component is the priority infrastructure investments. The objective of this component is to finance demonstrative infrastructure investments to reduce pollution loads in priority locations on the river. The four main sectors of investments are: municipal wastewater management, industrial pollution control, solid waste management and river front management. The investments are intended to exemplify, among other attributes, the high standards of technical preparation and implementation, sustainability of operations, and public participation envisaged in the NGRBA framework. This component will also support innovative pilots, for new and transformative technologies or implementation arrangements.

  • IN Karnataka Urban Water Supply Modernization Project

    The objective of the Karnataka Urban Water Supply Modernization Project for India is to provide city-wide access to a continuous piped water supply in eligible cities in the state of Karnataka and to strengthen service delivery arrangements at the city level. There are four components to the project, the first component being capital investment program. These component include bulk capacity augmentation; enhancing capacity or resilience of transmission/feeder mains; treatment plant renovations/capacity enhancement; pump station upgrades; service reservoir improvements; distribution network sectorization; pipeline rehabilitation/replacement; water meters for bulk supplies and consumer consumption; replacement of house connections; and new connections to low-income households. The second component is the institution building. The third component is the technical assistance for sector development. The project will support activities aimed at strengthening impact evaluation and social accountability for urban water sector in the state: project impact evaluation; improving social accountability; and improved dam management. Finally, the fourth component is the project management. This component finances activities to ensure efficient and effective project implementation. This includes, for example, equipment to establish Project Management Unit (PMU)/Project Implementation Unit (PIU) offices, consultants to support technical evaluations, third-party monitoring, expert reviewer, safeguards, and fiduciary auditing, construction quality assurance, stakeholder communications and others.

  • Efficient & Sustainable City Bus Services

  • Madhya Pradesh Citizen Access to Responsive Services Project

    The development objective of the Citizen Access to Responsive Services Project for India is to improve access to public services guarantee act (PSGA) services by citizens of Madhya Pradesh, and in particular by under-represented groups. The project comprises of two components. The first component, results-based financing aims to support the implementation of critical public management reforms needed to reach the results. It consists of following three sub-components: (i) access to services and citizen outreach; (ii) simplification of government services; and (iii) performance management. The second component, technical assistance will provide specialized technical assistance to support implementation of the government program and achievement of project results. It consists of following three sub-components: (i) supporting government process reengineering; (ii) enhancing information and communication technologies (ICT) infrastructure and strengthening ICT capacity; and (iii) strengthening project management.

  • Assam Citizen-Centric Service Delivery Project

    The development objective of the Assam Citizen-Centric Service Delivery Project for India is to improve access in the delivery of selected public services in Assam. The project comprises of two components. The first component, technical assistance will provide specialized technical assistance to support implementation of the government program and the achievement of the project development objective (PDO). It consists of following sub-components: (i) strengthening right to public services (RTPS) implementation; (ii) supporting process re-engineering in selected services; (iii) setting up public facilitation centers; and (iv) promoting citizen engagement. The second component, results-based financing aims to support the Government of Assam to implement critical public management reforms related to delivery of public services.

  • Tamil Nadu Sustainable Urban Development Program

    The project development objective of the Tamil Nadu Sustainable Urban Development Project for India is to improve urban services delivery in participating ULBs in a financially sustainable manner and to pilot improved urban management practices in selected cities. The project is comprised of three components: (i) Results Based Grants for Urban Governance; (ii) Investments in Urban Services (comprising three sub-components); and (iii) Urban Sector Technical Assistance. The first component provides results-based grants to eligible urban local bodies (ULBs) to implement new urban-management models that strengthen governance and financial sustainability. It will also provide technical assistance and project management assistance to administer and carry out the results-based grants. It will support three ULBs (Model Cities), namely, Vellore and Erode Municipal Corporations, and Hosur Municipality, in improving urban management in four areas: (i) ULB empowerment and organizational capacity; (ii) spatial / development planning; (iii) sustainable finances; and (iv) e-governance and public disclosure. The second component provides sub loans to sub borrowers by Tamil Nadu Urban Development Fund (TNUDF) and sub grants to sub recipients by project sustainability grant fund (PSGF) to implement sub projects. These sub loans /sub-grants to participating ULBs will support improvements in a range of urban services, including water, sewerage, municipal solid waste, urban transportation, septage management, and storm water drainage, as well as support project management and supervision. The second components sub component creates a reserve fund in PSGF to provide credit enhancements for municipal bonds. Finally, the third component is aimed at strengthening Tamil Nadu?s capacity to carry out urban finance and municipal governance reforms in: (i) developing next generation municipal e-go

  • Madhya Pradesh Urban Development Project

    The development objective of the Madhya Pradesh Urban Development Project for India is to enhance the capacity of MPUDC to improve coverage of key urban services and increase the revenue of participating urban local bodies. This project will have two components: (a) institutional development; and (b) urban investments. The first component, institutional development is to support the MPUDC, the Municipal Reforms Cell (MRC), and the participating Urban Local Body (ULBs) to build their capacities to improve coverage of urban services in the state. This component will have two subcomponents: policy reforms and project management. The second component, urban investments aims to improve service provision in target towns and cities with an emphasis on ensuring that ULBs can sustain the infrastructure in the long run. All municipal services qualify for financing under this component. However, given the Government of Madhya Pradesh (GoMP’s) Vision 2018 which envisages access to piped water supply and sanitation for all urban citizens, the focus is likely to be on water supply and sewerage projects.

  • Atal Bhujal Yojana (Abhy)-National Groundwater Management Improvement

    The development objective of Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABHY) - National Groundwater Management Improvement Program for India is to improve the management of groundwater resources in selected states. The activities under the program are mapped to the two results areas. Activities under Results Area 1 will focus on : (a) introducing bottom-up planning of groundwater interventions through community-led Water Security Plan (WSPs); (b) improving government spending through the planning process; and (c) implementing participatory groundwater management, including both supply and demand side measures. Results Area 2 focuses on building institutional capacity at all levels, including improving groundwater information and making it publicly accessible. Results Area 2 also focuses on strengthening the results-based culture for groundwater management within the Government of India (GoI) by improving output and outcome Monitoring and Evaluation (M and E).

  • Uttarakhand Water Supply Program for Peri Urban Areas

    The development objective of the Uttarakhand Water Supply Program For Peri-urban Areas Project for India is to increase access to improved water supply services in peri-urban areas in Uttarakhand. The Government of Uttarakhand (GoUK) Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) Program is well aligned with the Government of India (GoI) targets, and comprises six sub-sectoral components: (a) Urban Water Supply, (b) Urban Sanitation, (c) Rural Water Supply, (d) Rural Sanitation, (e) Peri-urban Water Supply, and (f) Peri-urban Sanitation. As part of the Urban Water Supply component, the state envisages treated and pressurized piped water supply for all households by 2030, with at least 60 percent metered connections. The Urban Sanitation component has two sub-components: (a) enhancing the coverage of Individual Household Latrines (IHHLs) from 94 percent to 100 percent of households by 2019, a target which has recently been achieved, and (b) expansion of sewer network from 30 percent coverage of current urban population to 50 percent collection and treatment by 2030. While 64 percent of rural households have access to piped water supply, it is envisaged that universal coverage with 70 lpcd can be achieved by 2022 under the Rural Water Supply program. Similar to the urban areas, the state’s Rural Sanitation program envisages enhancing the coverage of IHHLs from 86 percent to 100 percent in all rural households by 2019, which has recently been achieved. The Peri-urban Water Supply program specifically targets improvements from the existing 45 percent coverage and intermittent supply to the provision of universal water supply at par with urban standards. The Peri-urban Sanitation program aims at rapidly moving from the existing 90 percent IHHL coverage to achieving the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) targets by 2019, which it has recently achieved. While the state has achieved the state-

  • Jharkhand Municipal Development Project

    The development objective of Jharkhand Municipal Development Project for India is to provide improved access to basic urban services and management capacity in participating Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in Jharkhand. This project has three components. 1) The first component, Urban Infrastructure Improvement, aims to (i) finance selected subprojects of participating ULBs covering; and (ii) building Jharkhand Urban Infrastructure Development Company (JUIDCO’s) institutional capacities to prepare subprojects and set up standardized Operation and Maintenance (O and M) support mechanisms to the participating ULBs. 2) The second component, Institutional Development, aims to finance (a) capacity building of all ULBs in Jharkhand, including targeting the new municipal cadre inducted by the Urban Development and Housing Department (UDHD); (b) strengthening of the revenue base of ULBs and institutionalizing sound public FM systems in the participating ULBs so as to ensure sustainability of assets setup under the project and (c) building of project-associated state-level urban institutions’ institutional capacities. It has the following subcomponents: (i) Strengthening ULB Revenue Base and Public Financial Management Systems; and (ii) Policy and Institutional Support to State. 3) The third component, Project Management and Implementation Support, aims to finance (a) project management, construction supervision, and implementation support to JUIDCO, specific implementing agencies (SIAs), the State Urban Development Authority (SUDA), and ULBs; (b) preparation of priority Detailed Project Reports (DPRs); and (c) incremental operating costs of JUIDCO, SIAs, and or SUDA, including equipment.

Knowledge Activities

  • Geo-Enabling Initiative for Monitoring and Supervision (GEMS)

    The Geo-Enabling initiative for Monitoring and Supervision (GEMS) was launched by the FCV Group to systematically enhance Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) as well as supervision in FCV settings. This is achieved by building capacity among clients, partners, and Bank teams on the ground, to leverage field-appropriate technology for digital data collection and analysis. Using these tools and methods allows operations to enhance the transparency and accuracy of M&E and increase the accountability of third-party monitoring (TPM). At the same time, GEMS provides platforms for remote supervision, real-time safeguards monitoring, and portfolio mapping for coordination across projects and partners.

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