The World Bank's Policy Research Report series brings to a broad audience the results of World Bank research on development policy. The reports are designed to contribute to the debate on appropriate public policies for developing economies.
In many low-and-middle income countries, health coverage has improved dramatically in the last two decades, but health outcomes have not. As such, effective coverage—a measure of service delivery that meets a minimum standard of quality—remains unacceptably low. This forthcoming Policy Research Report examines one specific policy approach to improving effective coverage: financial incentives in the form of performance-based financing (PBF), a package reform that typically includes performance pay to frontline health workers as well as facility autonomy, transparency, and community engagement.
This report documents how permeable country borders have become in many different domains, and the troubling human and economic costs. Because political stability and law enforcement are, increasingly, global public goods, this provides a rationale for greater international assistance to countries facing fiscal and technical constraints that prevent them from providing stability and the rule of law.
The search for better employment opportunities and wages is the key mechanism by which the majority of the world’s population, and especially the poor, can hope to improve their lives. Migration is therefore an essential path toward worldwide poverty eradication and economic growth. This Policy Research Report examines the determinants and labor market impacts of global migration patterns, and considers the impact on destination and source countries, as well as the migrants themselves.
This report argues that CCTs have been an effective way to redistribute income to the poor, while recognizing that even the best-designed and best-managed program cannot fulfill all of the needs of a comprehensive social protection system.
This report noted that globalization has helped reduce poverty in a large number of developing countries but it must be harnessed better to help the world’s poorest, most marginalized countries improve the lives of their citizens.
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