Egypt continues a process of political transition. Following President Hosni Mubarak’s ouster in February 2011, free parliamentary and presidential elections were held and Mohammed Morsi became president with almost 52% of the vote. A newly drafted constitution was confirmed in a referendum in December 2012. In June 2013, mass demonstrations against President Morsi erupted.
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The project objective is to support Egypt to establish an efficient and effective Takaful and Karama cash transfer program. The Takaful and Karama program is being developed as a national targeted social safety net program aimed at protecting the poor through income support.
The World Bank Group will support Egypt's National Rural Sanitation Program through the Program for Results (PforR) financing instrument. The PforR approach focuses Bank support on helping governments improve the design and implementation of their programs using country systems and directly linking achievement of results to the disbursement of Bank funds.
Climate change is already affecting the Arab World in dire ways. It will cause e extreme heat to spread across more of the land for longer periods of time, making some regions unlivable and reducing growing areas for agriculture.
A new report provides the first comprehensive analysis of the state of early childhood development in the Middle East and North Africa. The report shows that deficits before, during, and after birth tend to be irreversible and perpetuate cycles of poverty and inequality.