The World Bank’s Office of Suspension and Debarment (OSD), led by the Chief Suspension and Debarment Officer (SDO), provides the first level of adjudication in the World Bank’s suspension and debarment, or “sanctions,” system. Since its creation in 2007, two thirds of World Bank sanctions cases have been resolved on the basis of the determinations and recommendations made by OSD. The remaining cases have been decided on appeal by the World Bank Group Sanctions Board.
OSD is a critical component in ensuring an efficient, effective and fair sanctions process. It is the World Bank unit that is charged with reviewing, prior to the issuance of any sanctions case, the sufficiency of the evidence against the firms and individuals that have been accused of fraud and corruption on World Bank-financed projects.
Sanctions cases are selected and prepared by the World Bank’s Integrity Vice Presidency (INT) on the basis of INT investigations. If INT believes that it has gathered sufficient evidence to show that a firm or individual (referred to in the sanctions system as a “Respondent”) has engaged in sanctionable misconduct, it submits a sanctions case to OSD for review. This initial adjudication by OSD allows for the early disposition of cases without the necessity of full sanctions proceedings in every case. OSD also plays an important role in protecting the World Bank by imposing temporary suspensions on Respondents once OSD has determined that they have more likely than not engaged in sanctionable misconduct.
For the policies and procedures governing the operation of the sanctions system, please see the "Sanctions Framework Documents" section under the "Knowledge" tab.