Principles on Identification for Sustainable Development: Toward the Digital Age
[Download PDF: ENGLISH / FRENCH / SPANISH]
More than 20 organizations came together to develop a set of shared “Principles on Identification for Sustainable Development: Toward the Digital Age” which considers the fundamentals to maximizing the benefits of identification systems while mitigating the risks. We hope additional organizations would be interested in joining, and consider this to be a living document to be revised in the future with further learning and implementation.
Technology Landscape for Digital Identification [Download PDF]
New technologies provide countries with the opportunity to leapfrog paper-based identification systems and rapidly establish robust digital identification infrastructure. Whether a country is enhancing existing ID systems or implementing new ID systems from the ground up, technology choices are critical to success. This 2017 report is a snapshot in time of this quickly evolving technology landscape. It is a first attempt at providing a comprehensive overview of various technologies and highlighting key benefits and challenges to practitioners. It also provides a framework for assessing each technology against multiple criteria, including length of time it has been in use, its ease of integration with legacy and future systems, and its interoperability with other technologies.
Identification for Development: Africa Business Plan [Download PDF]
With an estimated 502 million individuals in Africa lacking basic identification – accounting for nearly half the global total – developing robust and inclusive identification systems is a top priority in the region. This document outlines the status quo of systems in Africa, expected results for the end of FY20, and planned World Bank engagement at global, regional, and country levels.
The State of Identification Systems in Africa: A Synthesis of Country Assessments [Download PDF]
The ability to prove one’s identity is a cornerstone of participation in modern life, yet over 1.1 billion people lack proof of legal identity. As a first step in assisting client countries to close this identity gap, the World Bank Group’s Identification for Development (ID4D) initiative conducts Identity Management Systems Analyses (IMSAs) to evaluate countries’ identity ecosystems and facilitate collaboration with governments. This report synthesizes the findings of IMSAs carried out in 17 African countries between 2015 and 2016.
The State of Identification Systems in Africa: Country Briefs [Download PDF]
Toolkit for Africa [Download PDF: ENGLISH / FRENCH]
This report provides a strategic view of the role of identification in a country's national development, as well as a tactical view of the building blocks and policy choices needed for setting up a digital identification system in a developing country. The report presents a conceptual overview of digital identity management practices, providing a set of guidelines at a national level that policymakers can find helpful as they begin to think about modernizing the identity infrastructure of their country into digital identification.
Technical Standards for Digital Identity - Draft for Discussion [Download PDF]
The aim of this report is to catalogue technical standards for interoperable and robust identification systems. ID4D is sharing this report as a “Draft for Discussion” to invite comments on this emerging and dynamic area of identification. If you have comments, please send them to firstname.lastname@example.org. This report is part of ID4D’s multi-phased work on technical standards: Phase I – focused on the preparation of this report, including cataloguing the relevant technical standards; and Phase II – will focus on deeper dives into specific areas, such as data standards, in order to develop a framework of standards that would allow for interoperability and mutual recognition.
Digital Identity: Public and Private Sector Cooperation [Download PDF]
This paper lays out the digital identity lifecycle and the roles of various players across public and private sector. It outlines public-private partnership models based on case examples across a range of countries.
Incentives for Improving Birth Registration Coverage: A Review of the Literature [Download PDF]
This paper describes a framework of supply and demand factors that could affect birth registration coverage rates, particularly in the context of social transfers. Within this framework, a review of the empirical literature (academic and grey) was conducted on incentives that have been demonstrated to increase birth registration coverage. More than 200 articles were reviewed, and 42 (23 academic and 19 grey) were selected for this study based on relevance. The literature encompassed evidence from Asia, Africa, and Latin America on linking birth registration with social transfer programs, such as cash transfers, which have resulted in increased birth registration rates.
Integrating Unique Identification Numbers In Civil Registration [Download PDF]
This report examines the process for assigning UINs at birth and the mechanism for incorporating them into the civil register and including them on the physical birth certificate. This report discusses the CRS and the practical steps necessary to ensure a system that can establish the identity of a person and issue a trusted certificate to attest to his or her civil status. Although it may serve as a reference for country-specific discussions, the overarching issues are universal.
The Role of Digital Identification for Healthcare: The Emerging Use Cases [Download PDF]
Identification is crucial for the efficient and effective delivery of health services and public health management. Healthcare and insurance providers need to be able to accurately identify patients over time, and patients need to be able to prove who they are. Similarly, providers, policymakers and researchers rely on up-to-date, uniquely identified patient data to quickly address disease outbreaks and improve treatments and performance. This paper aims to provide an analytical framework and synthesize selected examples of how foundational, digital ID systems are used for healthcare in a variety of countries. This initial effort providing early lessons and key considerations will help guide future work in this area.
Identification in the Context of Forced Displacement [Download PDF]
Lack of official identification significantly increases the vulnerability of those who have been forced to leave their homes because of conflict, persecution, or natural disaster. They may face difficulties proving their entitlement to nationality or to refugee status. This report considers the various inherent challenges in the context of forced displacement, as well as the World Bank’s support of robust identification and registration systems to mitigate the disruptive impacts.
The Role of Identification in Ending Child Marriage: Identification for Development [Download PDF]
The causes of child marriage are multifaceted and complex—including factors such as poverty, culture, and gender and social norms. This report investigates the positive role identification plays in preventing child marriage and empowering girls.
Identification for Development: Its Potential for Empowering Women and Girls [Download PDF]
This paper draws on case studies to examine the links between identification for women and girls and specific policy areas such as access to financial services, access to social protection schemes, and inclusion in electoral roles and voting.
The Role of Identification in the Post-2015 Development Agenda Digital Identity [Download PDF]
The paper outlines the role of identity and identification and its importance to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) agenda—specifically as one of the proposed SDG targets (#16.9), but also as a key enabler of the efficacy of many other SDG targets.
ID4D Global Dataset [click here]
The ID4D Global Dataset, updated annually, aggregates data from publicly available information on the coverage of official identification systems for 198 economies.
Guidelines for ID4D Diagnostics [Download PDF]
ID4D country and regional engagement frequently begins with a diagnostic exercise—previously called an “Identity Management Systems Analysis (IMSA)”—of existing and planned identification systems. The ID4D Diagnostic methodology was developed in collaboration with governments and development partners, and provides a holistic approach to a country’s identity ecosystem, including institutions, technology, laws, policies, and practices related to identification.