IDENTIFICATION FOR DEVELOPMENT (ID4D) CREATES AND DELIVERS COMPREHENSIVE SOLUTIONS. How?
ID4D concentrates on three focus areas:
The World Bank Group is conducting research, gathering expertise about best practices, and encouraging shared approaches that will help countries understand why they need to invest in improving identification systems and how to best implement programs.
ID4D will provide policy planners, development organizations, think tanks, foundations, and private sector associations with a common platform to share what they have learned about identification systems and how to improve them. This will advance their understanding of the subject and help reach a consensus about the best ways to develop, maintain, and implement effective identification systems in specific countries and across entire regions. © UNICEF/NYHQ2011-2489/Asselin
The thought leadership agenda consists of:
- Conducting and gathering research on an array of subjects, including reducing barriers to accessing financial services, improving gender equality and health, and understanding what specific factors encourage or hinder people from enrolling in official identification systems.
- Collecting and publishing case studies of best practices and lessons learned, including examples of types of problems that create bottlenecks, how to reduce waste and inefficiencies, and examples of the early impact of intervention in countries already engaged in building new identification systems.
- Creating guides that provide user-friendly assistance about designing identification systems, including emerging authentication technologies, financing, legal and regulatory frameworks, and establishing linkages between civil registration and broader official identification systems.
- Impact assessments to determine the social and economic effect that identification systems can have
- Annual updates of an ID4D dataset – the only dataset with indicators of coverage and other qualitative data for 198 economies – and strengthening statistical methodologies for monitoring SDG 16.9.
GLOBAL CONVENING AND ADVOCACY
ID4D brings together like-minded partner organizations to shape the first set of shared Principles on Identification for Sustainable Development replicable minimum standards, and international legal and regulatory frameworks. Together, these guide the creation of reliable identification systems that can work in different regions and countries. ID4D also facilitates South-South knowledge exchange, so governments can learn from successful models implemented in other emerging countries.
Together, these partners have reached a global consensus about how to create modern identification systems that achieve the ambitious goal of “Making Everyone Count” and ensuring that people have the identification they need to access important services and rights.
COUNTRY AND REGIONAL ENGAGEMENT
ID4D efforts at the country level supports countries to assess existing systems, design improvements, implement more robust systems, and strengthen linkages to services.
The World Bank will use a number of tools available across all stages of intervention at the country level.
Country assessments: To evaluate a country’s identity ecosystems, ID4D will help by conducting a country assessment using the Identify Management System Analysis (IMSA) tool. This tool is the first point of engagement in countries where assessments have not been conducted yet.
Country support, including:
- Convening multi-stakeholder dialogue across ministries, agencies, and private sectors
- Advising on legal and regulatory frameworks, including data protection and privacy
- Designing sustainable business models and institutional arrangements
- Advising on technology standards, encouraging open architecture, and open standards
- Linking identification to service delivery
- Financing the necessary infrastructure
- Monitoring and evaluation, including impact assessments
For example, with the support of $165 million in assistance from the World Bank, Bangladesh will have registered and provided smart ID cards and unique numbers to 100 million people by 2018, using biometrics to ensure uniqueness and facilitate verification when needed.
While ID4D is advancing single-country engagements, it also is developing and supporting regional approaches to ensure that identification systems are established in an integrated, interoperable manner to accelerate regional integration through safe and orderly migration, mutual recognition, and infrastructure for common digital markets.