Over the course of the past four years, Côte d’Ivoire has made an impressive transition from crisis to relative stability, and from fragility and low equilibrium, to aspiring emerging economy status. Although some of the root causes of the conflict remain, there are high expectations that those will be tackled if the current transformation is maintained and the reconciliation agenda is intensified. The Government of Côte d’Ivoire expects to accelerate implementation of measures designed to improve social cohesion, develop human capital, build a resilient economy, support territorial development and promote regional synergies towards integration.
In 2015, the government took important steps to attenuate political tensions and foster a climate of reconciliation and social cohesion. Political dialogue resumed between the government and the opposition and it is seen as a major step toward long-term stability. The renewed political dialogue brought the government and 16 opposition parties around the table and was focused on crucial domestic issues for peace and reconciliation. President Alassane Ouattara has also established a commission to compensate victims of the post electoral crisis based on the recommendations of the previous Dialogue, Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Preparations are underway for presidential elections to be held on October 25, 2015.
Côte d’Ivoire’s recovery since 2011 has been robust. Following a drop in real GDP of 4.7% during the post-election crisis in 2011, the economy grew at an average of 9% from 2012 to 2013 before slowing slightly to 7.9% in 2014. Real GDP per capita increased by more than 20% during the 2012-2014 period. All the main economic sectors contributed to GDP growth and employment. A combination of good weather conditions and the establishment of farm-gate floor prices for key export crops bolstered agricultural production. The rebound in agriculture was driven by an increases in cocoa, cashew, cotton, and other food-crop production (rice, plantain, cassava and corn). Industrial production increased across the board, driven by the implementation of major public infrastructure projects.
During the period 1993 to 1999, the country experienced heightened social polarization, resulting from the marginalization of certain socio-cultural groups and the competition for increasingly scarce national resources, particularly agricultural land. The poverty incidence in Côte d’Ivoire slightly diminished from 48.9% in 2008 to 46.3% in 2015 in response to the recent rebound of economic growth. Between 1985 and 2008, the estimated share of the population living below the poverty line increased from around 10% to about 48.9%. During this period, the increase in the depth and severity of poverty was dramatic. Poverty is projected to decrease to 46.3% in 2015 as the economy rebounds. There are disparities in access to basic services, and gender disparities across wealth and urban-rural groups. The Ivorian population’s access to clean water and improved sanitation was estimated at 57% in 2009, far below the 81% target of the MDGs.
Last Updated: Oct 22, 2015