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BRIEF February 1, 2021

A Multiple-Arm, Cluster-Randomized Impact Evaluation of the Clean India (Swachh Bharat) Mission Program in Rural Punjab, India


Research area:Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene
Country:Punjab, India

Evaluation sample:

260 gram panchayats (clusters of villages) and 6,240 households
Intervention:Community-led total sanitation, financial incentives for toilet construction
Partners:Department of Water Supply and Sanitation, Punjab
Researchers:Luis Andres, World Bank; Saubhik Deb; George Joseph, World Bank; Maria Isabel Larenas, Inter-AmericanDevelopment Bank; Jonathan Grabinsky Zabludovsky, World Bank