Washington, D.C., October 23, 2012—A new IFC and World Bank report finds that since 2005, the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region leads the world in enhancing the business climate for local firms. The region overtook East Asia and the Pacific to become the world’s second most business-friendly, after OECD high-income economies. Montenegro improved its ranking and is currently ranked at 51st place versus 56th last year.
Released today, Doing Business 2013: Smarter Regulations for Small and Medium-Size Enterprises finds Poland was the global top improver in the past year. It enhanced the ease of doing business through four institutional or regulatory reforms, making it easier to register property, pay taxes, enforce contracts, and resolve insolvency. Eastern Europe and Central Asia has implemented nearly 400 institutional or regulatory reforms since 2005, more than any other region in the world.
“We are very encouraged by the rapid pace of reform in Eastern Europe and Central Asia,” said Augusto Lopez-Claros, Director, Global Indicators and Analysis, World Bank Group. “Many of these reforms have been implemented in the context of EU accession negotiations. Economic integration and the desire to catch up with more prosperous partners has been a powerful incentive to promote ambitious reform agendas.”
Montenegro ranked 51st among 185 economies on the ease of Doing Business 2013. Montenegro improved access to credit information by guaranteeing borrowers’ right to inspect their personal data. And it made dealing with construction permits less expensive by reducing the cost of pre- and postconstruction procedures.
On overall ease of doing business, other economies of Southeast Europe have been ranked as follows: FYR Macedonia (23), Slovenia (35), Bulgaria (66), Romania (72), Croatia (84), Moldova (83), Albania (85), Serbia (86), Kosovo (98) and Bosnia and Herzegovina (126).
The report shows Georgia joining the top 10 economies in the global ease of doing business ranking. Georgia implemented reforms in six areas, more than any other economy in the region. It made improvements in getting credit, paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts, resolving insolvency, and getting electricity.
Globally, Singapore retains its number one slot in the global ranking on the ease of doing business for the seventh consecutive year. Joining it on the list of the 10 economies with the most business-friendly regulations are Hong Kong SAR, China; New Zealand; the United States; Denmark; Norway; the United Kingdom; the Republic of Korea; Georgia; and Australia.
A case study in this year’s report features Latvia, highlighting the country’s regulatory reform agenda and achievements in the areas measured by Doing Business.
About the Doing Business report series
Doing Business analyzes regulations that apply to an economy’s businesses during their life cycle, including start-up and operations, trading across borders, paying taxes, and protecting investors. The aggregate ease of doing business rankings are based on 10 indicators and cover 185 economies. Doing Business does not measure all aspects of the business environment that matter to firms and investors. For example, it does not measure the quality of fiscal management, other aspects of macroeconomic stability, the level of skills in the labor force, or the resilience of financial systems. Its findings have stimulated policy debates worldwide and enabled a growing body of research on how firm-level regulation relates to economic outcomes across economies. This year’s report marks the 10th edition of the global Doing Business report series.
About the World Bank Group
The World Bank Group is one of the world’s largest sources of funding and knowledge for developing countries. It comprises five closely associated institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA), which together form the World Bank; the International Finance Corporation (IFC); the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA); and the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). Each institution plays a distinct role in the mission to fight poverty and improve living standards for people in the developing world.