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FEATURE STORY October 25, 2020

Farmers Double their Income with Project Support in Kabul Province


New horticultural methods taught by National Horticultural and Livestock Project (NHLP) to farmers has increased apple production in Paghman district of Kabul province up to three folds. 

Rumi Consultancy / World Bank

Story Highlights:

  • “Pioneer” farmers in 300 villages in Kabul province are helping fellow farmers improve their horticultural practices and increase their income.
  • The National Horticulture and Livestock Project (NHLP) provides guidance and equipment to help farmers employ better technologies and practices.
  • With the help of pioneer farmers, extend NHLP’s reach by teaching other farmers, the project has reached a significant number of farmers across the country.


Continued international aid, including through the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF), is vital to create better lives for millions of Afghans and sustain development gains. The #ProtectTheGains series highlights ARTF projects that have made a real difference toward achieving a more prosperous, inclusive, and peaceful Afghanistan.


PAGHMAN DISTRICT, Kabul Province—Apple farmer Arabzai, 55, believes that he is the best pioneer farmer in his area in Kabul province. As a pioneer farmer, he provides guidance to other farmers and has seen the improvements made in their farming.

“I help supervise other farmers in this area and I have seen great progress in their work,” says Arabzai, who grows mainly apples on his 3-jerib (0.6-hectare) orchard. “They used to earn a minimum amount of profit, but now their benefits have increased like mine.”

Arabzai was nominated by the local shura (council) of his village to be a pioneer farmer in 2013 under the National Horticulture and Livestock Project (NHLP), which works in more than 300 villages.

Each village nominates a pioneer farmer, who is chosen based on his good reputation in the community, long experience in agriculture, and level of education (high school graduates are preferred).

Arabzai explains his work as a pioneer farmer: “I am in contact with NHLP technical experts  who come here [to the village] and teach me, and in turn, I teach other farmers what I have learned. Sometimes I organize other farmers to come to my orchard and we all receive training from NHLP.” The training covers topics such as irrigation methods, pesticide application, identification of plant diseases, branch pruning, and fruit harvesting among other topics.

"All the things that I currently know about horticulture, I owe to NHLP. I now know horticulture like a professional. I am very happy with NHLP for the work they have done for us. "
farmer, Kabul province


Over 50 Afghan farmers are now able to harvest double from their orchards as the ARFT supported NHLP project has equipped them new farming technics.

Rumi Consultancy / World Bank

Although a voluntary position, pioneer farmers receive 5,000 afghanis (about $66)* monthly to cover phone and transport costs incurred from receiving training from NHLP. After the years of training, Arabzai is confident in his work and grateful for the changes it has made to his farming. “NHLP has helped me understand farming,” he says. “All the things that I currently know about horticulture, I owe to NHLP. I now know horticulture like a professional. I am very happy with NHLP for the work they have done for us.”

For Arabzai and some 80 farmers in his village, NHLP assistance has led to notable results. “I have worked with NHLP for five years and each year, my yield and income have improved,” Arabzai says. “The support has made a big difference.”

Last year (2018), Arabzai saw his annual income double over the previous year. “I earned 330,000 afghanis [about $4,400], [while in the previous year] I earned 170,000 afghanis [about $2,300],” he says. “When NHLP first came to our village, I was earning just 50,000 afghanis [about $670] a year from my produce.”

NHLP is implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation, and Livestock (MAIL) and receives funding support from the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF), managed by the World Bank on behalf of 34 donors. The project aims to promote the adoption of improved production and post-harvest practices and technologies by target farmers in the horticultural sector across the country. It covers 291 districts in Afghanistan’s 34 provinces and has reached over a significant number of farmers.

Access to Resources

Elsewhere in the district, Azim is working steadily on his orchard, pruning apple trees with a pair of recently acquir

Azim’s annual income in 2018 from his thriving orchard of 800 apple trees doubled over the previous year. “This year [2018], I earned 40,000 afghanis [about $530] from my orchard, while last year, I earned just 18,000 to 20,000 afghanis,” says Azim, who plans to expand. “In the next 4–5 years, I expect to earn 1.6 million afghanis [about $21,000] from the whole orchard.”

Recently, NHLP technical experts advised him to prune his trees during winter months, and as he has been satisfied with the results of previous advice, Azim has followed suit. “The field workers look for tree infections and give me more advice on how to deal with my trees, such as trimming branches and pest management,” Azim says of the NHLP field workers who visit weekly. “I am very happy with the work and help that the NHLP supervisors and engineers provide our community and we are completely satisfied with the program.”

National Horticultural and Livestock Project (NHLP) aims to promote the adoption of improved production and post-harvest practices and technologies by target farmers in the horticultural sector across the Afghanistan. Photo Credit: Rumi Consultancy / World Bank

NHLP support is provided only to farmers who have their own land and the assistance is crucial to helping them become more efficient. With the tangible and financial support NHLP provides,

NHLP also provides pesticides and seeds free of charge, while other horticultural materials, such as pruning shears, fertilizers, saplings, ladders, and harvesting baskets are sold at a heavily subsidized price. According to Nooruddin, district coordinator, the project meets 75 percent of the cost of these items or agricultural works that it supports such as digging wells, while the farmer pays for the remaining 25 percent.

NHLP support continues over the project period and aims to help farmers reach the point where they can be self-sufficient. “If our tools get damaged or break, we can request NHLP to provide us with a replacement and they will help us,” Azim says. “Moreover, the quality of resources that the project provides is very good.”

*All U.S. dollar equivalents are based on the exchange rate $1=75.09 afghanis (January 2019)