Strategy and Results: Better Preparing for and Responding to Disasters
Since disasters hurt the poor and vulnerable the most, damages caused by such events can substantially roll back development progress. Disaster Risk Management (DRM) is therefore central to poverty reduction and development efforts. Integrating DRM into development planning and investments in Bangladesh will better protect people and assets from rising disasters impacts.
The World Bank assists client countries in DRM programs through effective disaster risk reduction and post-disaster response systems to reduce existing risks, avoid new risks and respond better to disasters. In this context, the South Asia DRM team has supported the government of Bangladesh through a combination of technical assistance, investment lending, capacity building and instructional strengthening.
The Coastal Embankment Improvement Project - Phase I (CEIP-I) aims to upgrade Bangladesh’s embankment system by increasing the area protected in polders in polders from tidal flooding and frequent storm surges.
What has been done?
Following Cyclone Sidr in 2007 and Aila in 2009, the US$ 356.82 million Emergency Cyclone Recovery and Restoration Project (ECRRP) supported the Government of Bangladesh’s recovery of livelihood and infrastructure losses caused by the Cyclone, and establish long-term plans to improve preparation and response.
Building upon ECRRP’s rehabilitation work, the Bank enhanced the Government’s coastal resilience efforts through the US$ 400 million Coastal Embankment Improvement Project (CEIP) and a US $375 million Multipurpose Disaster Shelter Project (MDSP). Since 2015, MDSP, has been supporting the development of cyclone shelters and emergency response plans to protect coastal residents and their livelihoods.
The US$ 173 million Urban Resilience Project (URP) supports the Government of Bangladesh and city authorities to reduce the vulnerability of infrastructure and populations in Dhaka and Sylhet to disasters by enhancing its ability to respond to emergency events and improving building codes.
The Bank also continues to support enhancements in GoB’s capacity to deliver reliable weather, water and climate information services and improve access to such services through the US$ 113 million Bangladesh Weather and Climate Services Regional Project.
The Coastal Embankment Improvement Project (CEIP) (US$ 400 million) approved by the World Bank Board June 26, 2013. Effective since November 24, 2013.
Since 2013, the US$ 400 million Coastal Embankment Improvement Project (CEIP), has helped Bangladesh mitigate some of the large impacts of cyclones and flooding and improve emergency response in the coastal region. The project supports the rehabilitation and upgradation of protection polders to protect the areas from tidal flooding and frequent storm surges and reduce saline intrusion to enhance agricultural productivity. Further, the project aims to enhance the Government’s capacity to respond more efficiently and effectively to natural disasters. Rehabilitation of a total of 17 polders in six coastal districts will provide direct protection to the 760,000 people living within the polder boundaries, enhance their livelihoods through increased agricultural production and strengthen the overall resilience of the coastal areas to cyclones, storm surges and floods.
The Multipurpose Disaster Shelter Project (MDSP) (US$ 375 million) approved by the World Bank Board December 2014. Effective since March 12, 2015.
The US$ 375 million Multipurpose Disaster Shelter Project (MDSP) is a World Bank-led disaster risk mitigation infrastructure project to strengthen emergency preparedness and reduce the vulnerability of the coastal population in selected coastal districts of Bangladesh to climate change and natural disasters. The project supports the reconstruction and improvement of multipurpose shelters, building upon initial phases of these interventions advanced under ECRRP. The activities focus on the financing of 552 new shelters, rehabilitation of 450 existing shelters, and the construction and improvement of 550 kilometers of rural roads to improve access and communication networks of shelters. The project is expected to benefit nearly 14 million people living in the nine coastal districts of Bangladesh by improving access to safe havens in the event of a natural disaster. This would serve to build the resilience of local communities to natural calamities, and help speed recovery by protecting critical assets. In addition, the project aims to construct multipurpose buildings, especially primary schools.
The Urban Resilience Project (URP) (US$ 173 million) approved by the World Bank Board March 2015. Effective since August 3, 2015.
The US$ 173 million Urban Resilience Project (URP) aims to strengthen the capacity of Government of Bangladesh and city-level agencies to respond to emergency events and strengthen systems to reduce the disaster vulnerability of future building construction in Dhaka and Sylhet. The project seeks to create an enabling environment for coordinated and locally managed DRM, based on three core pillars of disaster resilience in an urban setting: i) effectively respond to urban disasters; ii) reinforce existing infrastructure; and iii) ensure resilient construction. In this context, the project will reinforce the emergency management response capacity, supporting 68 wards in Dhaka and 20 wards in Sylhet with decentralized emergency response services. Project activities also include a vulnerability assessment of critical and essential facilities in Dhaka, Sylhet and other cities in order to inform longer-term investments that reduce risk in the built environment. The project will additionally support institutional infrastructure and capacity building to reduce long-term disaster vulnerability in Dhaka, through improved construction, urban planning and development.
The Emergency 2007 Cyclone Recovery and Restoration Project (ECRRP) (US$ 356.82 million). Approved by the World Bank Board on November 6, 2008. Effective since December 24, 2008.
Following Cyclone Sidr in 2007 and Aila in 2009, the US$ 356.82 million ECRRP supported the Government of Bangladesh’s recovery of livelihood and infrastructure losses caused by the Cyclone, and establish long-term plans to improve preparation and response. The project supported the restoration of the agriculture sector in Sidr/Aila-affected areas, improvement of existing multipurpose shelters, construction of new shelters, rehabilitation of around 502km of coastal embankments and strengthening the capacity of the government’s disaster risk reduction management. It further included support to the government to prepare future investments for long-term disaster risk reduction, technical assistance and training, as well as emergency support for future disasters.
Weather and Climate Services Regional Project for Bangladesh (US$ 113 million) – Approved by the World Bank Board by June 2016.
Through this US$ 113 million Weather and Climate Services Regional Project for Bangladesh, the World Bank is working to strengthen country’s capacity to deliver reliable weather, water, and climate information services and improve the access of such services to priority sectors and communities. The project includes improvements in forecasting weather patterns and extreme events, development and provision of agromet information services to farmer groups and plans to enhance access of vulnerable communities to early warnings for significant weather and water hazards. Through investments in monitoring systems, forecasting and services, the project will contribute to strengthening Bangladesh’s disaster preparedness and climate resilience and to the development of weather-based information services that are expected to support decision-making in key productive sectors.