FEATURE STORY

Empowering Women for Better Healthcare in Afghanistan

April 10, 2017

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Supported through the System Enhancement for Health Action in Transition (SEHAT) program, the Community Midwifery Education (CME) and Community Health Nursing Education (CHNE) programs train female health workers to deliver basic package of health servicesres in 13 districts of Kabul Province.

Photo Credit: Rumi Consultancy/ World Bank

STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • Women are receiving training to become nurses or midwives under the Community Midwifery Education (CME) and Community Health Nursing Education (CHNE) programs, which will help address the shortage in female health workers in the country.
  • This training is one of the measures undertaken by the System Enhancement for Health Action in Transition program to deliver a basic package of health services.
  • The training also helps fulfill the ambitions of many women who want to serve their community.

KABUL PROVINCE – A full-color image of the human body is beamed on the screen. Heavy drapes block sunlight and all that shines in the classroom are the tips of ballpoint pens as the young women furiously take notes. The dull walls are brightened by a tapestry of posters on health and physical fitness. The instructor uses a pointer to explain the image, pausing from time to time to gauge students’ understanding.

This is a typical Monday morning in SEHAT’s Community Health Nursing Education (CHNE) class. Women from 13 different districts in Kabul Province are undergoing intensive training to become fully trained nurses when they graduate the following year. They are part of a systemic intervention to train midwives and nurses by the System Enhancement for Health Action in Transition (SEHAT) program to increase the capacity of health staff to deliver a basic package of health services.

SEHAT, under the umbrella of the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH), aims to expand the scope, quality, and coverage of health services provided to the population, particularly for the poor. It is supported by the International Development Association (IDA), the World Bank Group’s fund for the poorest countries, and the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF), in partnership with multiple donors. 

The nursing classes run in parallel with the Community Midwifery Education (CME) program. The aim of both programs is to train and empower Afghan women to take on a more proactive role in their country’s development story. The current batch of students in Khoshhal Khan, in the western part of Kabul city, is made up of 24 CHNE and 25 CME students. “They are all eager to finish their studies next year and start work as full-time nurses and midwives,” says Dr. Khalil Omar, the technical manager of Move Welfare Organization, an Afghan nongovernmental organization (NGO) providing health care and training services under SEHAT. 


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The SEHAT program has significantly improved the delivery of health services and strengthened coordination between health centers and the district and provincial health departments. 

Photo Credit: Rumi Consultancy

" It is my ambition to study nursing. I have already learned a lot from this program and want to take up a job in a health center. "

Parisa

nursing student, Farza district, Kabul Province

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Once they graduate from the two-year training programs, women are expected to join their district health centers to deliver health services and care for female patients.

Photo Credit: Rumi Consultancy/ World Bank

Community service

“It is my ambition to study nursing,” says Parisa, a CHNE student from Farza district. “We learn theory as well as do practical work. I have already learned a lot from this program and want to take up a job in a health center.”

But it is not only ambition that drives the students, many are eager to make a difference. “When I was 14, a woman died during childbirth in my village in Zargar valley,” says Berishna, 21, a midwifery student from Paghman district. “Since then, I decided to become a midwife and help women. Now, I am studying midwifery and would like to serve my people.”

Once they graduate from the two-year training programs, the women are expected to join their district health centers to deliver the basic health package and care for female patients. The training programs will go a long way in addressing the shortage of female health workers in the country, says Dr. Omar.

“The shortage of female health workers is an obvious problem for health services delivery in every province of Afghanistan,” he points out. “In some cases, the female health workers are not from the same district and this leads to a capacity problem when they go on leave to visit family. We are left with no choice but to close the midwifery section on such days. Even in Kabul, there is a staff shortage, especially female health workers.”

More effective in meeting priorities

Under the SEHAT program, Move Welfare Organization is contracted by MoPH to implement the basic package of health services in 42 health facilities across the 13 districts of Kabul Province. The contract is one of several performance-based partnership agreements between MoPH and NGOs to deliver defined packages of basic health services and essential hospital services under the SEHAT program. The provision of services by NGOs is monitored through the regular health management information system and a third party.

SEHAT has significantly improved the delivery of health services and strengthened coordination between health centers and the district and provincial health departments. Dr. Khwaja Mir Islam Saeed, Head of MoPH Grant and Services Contract Management Unit, explains, “With funding support provided under SEHAT, we have sufficient flexibility in budgeting and that enables us to deliver health services according to our priorities more quickly.”

SEHAT is helping to fill a critical gap in Afghanistan’s health care delivery. It also is helping many Afghan women become true partners in nation building. It is care fueled by the power of dreams, says Dr. Omar. 



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