Effective water resources management (WRM) is essential for sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction. The Year 2003 has been declared the Year of Fresh Water by the United Nations, and water was the theme of a major international conference in Kyoto in March 2003. The Board of Executive Directors of the World Bank has endorsed a new Corporate Water Resources Strategy, aimed at providing more effective assistance to countries that use water as a vehicle for increasing economic growth and reducing poverty in a socially and environmentally responsible manner.
Sustainable water resources and environmental management and adequate access to safe drinking water supplies and sanitation services have been identified as key Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by the international community. Water management at the sub-regional and transboundary levels is increasingly recognized as an area of priority, especially in Central Asia, the Caucasus, and South Eastern Europe. However, the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) Region has not yet articulated a strategy for water resources management.
The Europe and Central Asia region has developed a two-volume report entitled "Water Resources in Europe and Central Asia," which documents the work the ECA region has been doing and is planning to do in a future, together with its member countries, to address water resources management challenges, within the overall objectives of poverty reduction and sustainable growth. This report builds on the new World Bank Water Resources Sector Strategy.
You can access the ECA Water Resources Report from this website by clicking on the section titled Issues and Strategic Directions for Volume I, and Country Water Notes and Selected Transboundary Basins for Volume II.
For information on water resources management at the sub-regional level, please click here.