trust en Media (R)evolutions: Audiences trust established news brands more than new brands or journalists <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><h4> New developments and curiosities from a changing global media landscape: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">People, Spaces, Deliberation</a> brings trends and events to your attention that illustrate that tomorrow's media environment will look very different from today's, and will have little resemblance to yesterday's.</h4> <p> News audiences typically trust institutions more than individuals. It is the news <em>brand</em> — its heritage, values, and journalistic standards — that people identify with, not the celebrity journalists or talking heads, according to the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Reuters Digital News Report 2016</a> that surveyed over 50,000 online news consumers in 26 countries.<br /><br /> Who is this anonymous source? Did somebody pay the outlet to run this story? Can I trust the journalist to give me an unbiased report? These questions remain pertinent for contemporary news consumers, and the Digital News Report suggests that trust in the news is more strongly tied to trust in specific news brands than any other factor. In all 26 countries, trust in news organizations was the most important driver of overall trust, and was significantly more important than trust in journalists or freedom from undue governmental influence.  This perhaps signals that news audiences are weary of citizen journalism, blogs, and other forms of news that have not been vetted and, therefore, cannot be readily screened for bias.<br /><br /> However, an important point, often made by participants in the follow-up focus groups, was that trust in news brands takes a long time to build. Some news brands – typically those that have been around a long time – are often seen as main sources of news, and new outlets, even if they have a large reach, are considered secondary sources.<br /><br /><a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><img alt="" height="590" src="" title="Reuters Digital News Report 2016, pg. 25" width="867" /></a><br />  </p> </div></div></div> Wed, 21 Sep 2016 17:15:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7520 at Quote of the Week: Walter Bagehot <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <em><img alt="Walter Bagehot, portrait" height="223" src="" style="float:right" title="by Norman Hirst, after Unknown artist, mezzotint, published 1891" width="180" />“The peculiar essence of our financial system is an unprecedented trust between man and man; and when that trust is much weakened by hidden causes, a small accident may greatly hurt it, and a great accident for a moment may almost destroy it.” </em><br /><br /> - <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Walter Bagehot</a>, a British journalist, economist, political analyst and essayist, who wrote extensively about government, economics, and literature. In 1860, he became editor-in-chief of <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">The Economist</a>, which had been founded by his father-in-law, <a href="" target="_blank" title="James Wilson (UK politician)" rel="nofollow">James Wilson.</a>  In the 17 years he was editor, he expanded the publication's reporting on politics and increased its influence among policymakers, transforming the journal into one of the world’s foremost business and political publications. </p> </div></div></div> Mon, 14 Mar 2016 13:50:00 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 7337 at The things we do: Why do conspiracy theories thrive? <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><h4> <img alt="Girl receiving oral polio vaccine in India" height="187" src="" style="float:left" title="" width="280" />Individuals who believe in conspiracy theories are often disregarded as 'paranoid' and 'irrational', but social science research indicates that they engage in psychological processes that we all do. The difference lies their unusual distrust of authority.</h4> <p> Conspiracy theories abound!  Rumors are whispered, discrepancies in a story are seized upon, and the official version of events is discredited.  Then, an alternate explanation is proposed and evidence is gathered to support it.<br /><br /> While there is no formal, generally-accepted understanding of a ‘conspiracy theory’, they are usually considered to be an explanation for an event that is not the most plausible account and which postulates unusually sinister and competent conspirators carrying out the conspiracy.  Conspiracy theories are usually based on weak evidence, are self-insulating from fact, and sensationalize the actors or the implications of the event.<br /><br /> Contrary to what we might think, many of the people who follow conspiracies aren’t crazy.  They are actually skeptics, they just happen to be selective with their doubt.   According to research, individuals that believe in conspiracy theories tend to favor a worldview in which people are prone to misbehave (or behave downright evil) and in which elites exercise omnipotence.</p> </div></div></div> Tue, 02 Jun 2015 18:34:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7066 at Reputation and Governance Styles: The Leader as a Smart Aleck <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" height="291" src="" style="float:left" width="180" />Because we have a global audience, I must start by explaining that, according to the <em>Oxford American Dictionary</em>, a smart aleck is “a person displaying ostentatious or smug cleverness’.  It also reports that one usage of the word ‘smart’ means: “(of transactions) unscrupulous to the point of dishonesty”. If you watch crime movies the way I do, there is a tendency to admire ‘smart play’, that is, ruthlessly clever and effective maneuvers. The best crime bosses are masters of ‘smart play’. In order words, they are smart alecks.<br /><br /> What is fascinating is how often (particularly in the massed punditry of elite global media) a capacity for smart play by political leaders is glorified. Leaders are routinely judged and compared with regard to whether or not they appear to shape the game, determine events, or impose their will on others and so on. If they do not seem to do that, they are dismissed as effete. If they seem to do that, they are admired and glorified.  What is particularly striking is how often the writers who say these things leave out ethical standards. I believe, for instance, that true evil is a willingness to act without ethical considerations. Yet, notice how often leaders are admired for ostentatiously clever play even if the methods are odious.<br /><br /> But I am interested in a much narrower question. And it is this: if we leave out ethical considerations, is a reputation for ‘smart play’ good for a leader? Does it make her more effective?  To throw this into bold relief, I am going to tell two kinds of stories- one domestic, and the other global.<br />  </p> </div></div></div> Thu, 24 Jul 2014 16:42:00 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 6768 at Strengthening Active Citizenship After a Traumatic Civil War: Dilemmas and Ideas in Bosnia and Herzegovina <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> I <img alt="" height="198" src="" style="float:left" width="280" />went to Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) last week to help <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Oxfam Italia </a>develop advocacy and campaign skills among local civil society organizations. They have their work cut out.</p> <p> Firstly, there is a crisis of trust between the public and CSOs, which are poorly regulated, often seen as little more than ‘briefcase NGOs’, only interested in winning funding, and under constant attack from politicians. Many CSOs seem pretty disillusioned, faced with a shrinking donor pot and public hostility.</p> <p> I think there’s a strong case for the CSOs to take the lead in putting their house in order, practicing what they preach on transparency and accountability, and working with government to sort out the legitimate organizations from ones that have registered (there are some 10,000 in the country) but do nothing, (or worse).</p> <p> Meanwhile, Oxfam is working with some of the more dynamic ones to develop the advocacy and campaign skills of what is still a maturing civil society network (after decades of state socialism, followed by a devastating war, and then an influx of donor cash that had mixed results). Two days of conversation and debate with some great organizations working on everything from disability rights to enterprise development to youth leadership identified some big issues and dilemmas:<br />  </p> </div></div></div> Tue, 08 Jul 2014 17:08:00 +0000 Duncan Green 6752 at Can the Bank and CSOs Bridge the Trust Gap? <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><P><IMG height=186 alt="" hspace=0 src="" width=280 align=left border=0>This was a question asked by numerous participants during a consultation meeting held in Washington on February 29 on the Bank’s proposed Global Partnership for Enhanced Social Accountability (GPESA).&nbsp; They noted that this lack of trust comes from a longstanding view that the Bank tends to favor governments in detriment of the broader society in many developing countries.&nbsp; Others noted that the lack of trust comes from the perception that the Bank is not accessible and does not effectively engage civil society in some countries. This contrasts with the view, expressed by several participants, that the Bank has made important strides in opening up and reaching out to civil society at headquarters over the past decade and that this positive momentum should guide GPESA implementation.</div></div></div> Tue, 13 Mar 2012 16:56:54 +0000 John Garrison 5920 at Training with the Enemy: How CSOs Are Improving Bank Staff’s Ability to Engage with Civil Society <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p><img height="186" alt="" hspace="0" width="280" align="left" border="0" src="/files/publicsphere/civilsocietybank.jpg" />While some staff of the World Bank and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) may have considered each other &lsquo;enemy combatants&rsquo; on the proverbial policy battlefield some years back, today many are collaborating in joint training efforts geared to improving relations.&nbsp; In a reversal of roles, a number of policy advocacy CSOs are helping to train the very same Bank staff whom they often advocated against in the past.&nbsp; A good example is the participation of well known CSOs who monitor transparency issues in the extractive industries &ndash; <a target="_blank" href="">Global Witness</a>, <a target="_blank" href="">Oxfam</a>, and <a target="_blank" href="">Revenue Watch</a> &ndash; in a training session with staff from the Bank&rsquo;s Oil, Gas, and Mining Department in April 2010.&nbsp; The session was geared to improving the Bank staff&rsquo;s knowledge and skills to engage civil society, and the CSOs were asked to both diagnose the nature of Bank - CSO tensions and suggest ways to improve these relations. While CSOs highlighted the difficulty they often face to get information or set up meetings with Bank staff, they also noted how the Bank&rsquo;s presence can actually guarantee the safety of local CSOs.&nbsp; Bank staff, in turn, shared the difficulty they have in identifying the appropriate CSOs to engage with at the country level, and expressed frustration with some of the critique the Bank receives despite their efforts to reach out.&nbsp; They also welcomed greater civil society involvement in Bank-financed extractive industry projects.</p> </div></div></div> Mon, 13 Dec 2010 22:25:59 +0000 John Garrison 5602 at Defining Communication <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p><img class="" height="187" alt="" hspace="0" width="280" align="left" border="0" src="/files/publicsphere/image/2618-23.jpg" />As a first-time blogger on this site, I will focus on bringing experiences and reflections on how communication plays a key role in initiatives related to governance, a role even more fundamental than that played in other kinds of development programs. Before digging more into this, I would like to illustrate and hopefully clarify one term that, due to its broad and multifaceted connotation, is used too frequently in an ambiguous manner: communication.</p></div></div></div> Tue, 26 Aug 2008 13:47:48 +0000 Paolo Mefalopulos 5108 at