tobacco https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/taxonomy/term/1996/all en Campaign Art: What’s the real cost of smoking? https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/campaign-art-what-s-real-cost-smoking <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><strong>People, Spaces, Deliberation bloggers present exceptional campaign art from all over the world. These examples are meant to inspire.</strong><br /><br /> The real cost of smoking is high, especially high on your health. According to the <a href="https://www.who.int/en/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">World Health Organization</a> (WHO), <a href="https://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs339/en/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">tobacco kills around 6 million people each year, out of which 600,000 are the results of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke.</a> The cost of smoking is also high on the global economy, as smoking burdens global health systems, hinders economic development, and deprives families of financial resources that could have been spent on education, food, shelter, or other needs.<br /><br /><a href="https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/health/brief/world-bank-and-tobacco-control-the-facts" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Tobacco use is the world’s leading underlying cause of preventable death</a>. It contributes to a great number of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), <a href="https://www.wpro.who.int/tobacco/en/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">which account for 63% of all deaths</a>. <strong>Prevention of tobacco use can significantly decrease the number of preventable deaths worldwide, encourage economic development, reduce poverty, encourage healthy lifestyle choices and support </strong><a href="https://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/70/1&amp;Lang=E" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>Sustainable Development Goals</strong></a><strong>.</strong><br /><br /> In order to prevent and reduce youth tobacco use, in February 2014 the <a href="https://www.fda.gov/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">U.S. Food and Drug Administration</a> (FDA) put forward a national public education campaign titled “<a href="https://www.fda.gov/tobaccoproducts/publichealtheducation/publiceducationcampaigns/therealcostcampaign/default.htm" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">The Real Cost</a>.” The following video is a part of this campaign:<br />  <div class="asset-wrapper asset aid-318 asset-video"> <strong > The Real Cost Commercial: &quot;Hacked&quot; (:30) </strong> <div class="content"> <div class="field field-name-field-asset-video-file field-type-emvideo field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><object type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="640" height="360" data="//www.youtube.com/v/t0ujgVvgIXQ"> <param name="movie" value="//www.youtube.com/v/t0ujgVvgIXQ" /> <param name="wmode" value="transparent" /> <param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /> </object> </div></div></div></div> </div> <p> Source: <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t0ujgVvgIXQ" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">therealcost.betobaccofree.hhs.gov</a></p> </div></div></div> Wed, 01 Feb 2017 14:35:00 +0000 Darejani Markozashvili 7619 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere What explains advocacy success in setting global agendas? Comparing Tobacco v Alcohol and four other global advocacy efforts https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/what-explains-advocacy-success-setting-global-agendas-comparing-tobacco-v-alcohol-and-four-other <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <p> <em><img alt="" height="100" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/uwe-gneiting-150x150.jpg" style="float:right" title="Uwe Gneiting " width="100" />Oxfam researcher/evaluation adviser</em><em> </em><a href="https://oxfamresearchnetwork.silk.co/page/Uwe-Gneiting" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><em>Uwe Gneiting</em></a> <em>introduces a new set of case studies</em></p> <p> It’s an age-old puzzle – why do some advocacy and campaigning efforts manage to influence the political agendas of governments, international institutions and corporations but others don’t? What explains the difference in attention, resource mobilization, and policy traction of some issues <img alt="" height="186" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/1106908333_27bb81ec9b_z.jpg" style="float:left" title=" Alex Baluyut / World Bank" width="280" />(e.g. anti-Apartheid, HIV/AIDS) compared to others (e.g. the limited success of gun control advocacy in the U.S.)?</p> <p> The technical response to these questions is that it’s an evidence problem – issues gain traction if there is sufficient evidence regarding their severity, cause and an effective solution. But as has been discussed elsewhere (including on this <a href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/what-evidence-evidence-based-policy-making-pretty-thin-actually" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">blog</a>), focusing on evidence alone neglects the role of power and politics in explaining which issues gain attention and policy traction and which ones don’t.</p> <p> This was why a group of researchers (including me) recently published a set of studies that put forward a more nuanced explanation for the variation in advocacy effectiveness. The way we approached the task was to analyze and compare pairs of issues (we focused on global health) of similar types and harm levels but varying attention (newborn vs maternal mortality, pneumonia vs tuberculosis, and alcohol vs tobacco). We ended up with ten factors across three categories that in conjunction help to explain varying levels of advocacy success (see table below)</p> <p> <a href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/uwetable2.jpg" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><img alt="" height="202" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/uwetable2.jpg" title="" width="1009" /></a></p> <p> </div></div></div> Mon, 12 Sep 2016 16:23:00 +0000 Duncan Green 7512 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere What if We Allocated Aid $ Based on How Much Damage Something Does, and Whether We Know How to Fix It? https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/what-if-we-allocated-aid-based-how-much-damage-something-does-and-whether-we-know-how-fix-it <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><P><IMG height=186 alt="" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Johanna/5094783164_4f2e92337a.jpeg" width=280 align=left>I usually criticize development wonks who come up with yet another ‘if I ruled the world’ plan for reforming everything without thinking through the issues of politics, power and incentives that will determine which (if any) of their grand schemes gets adopted. But it’s been a hard week, and today I’m taking time out from the grind of political realism to rethink aid policy.</P> <P>Call it a thought experiment. Suppose we started with a blank sheet of paper, and decided which issues to spend aid money on based on two criteria – a) how much death and destruction does a given issue cause in developing countries, and b) do the rich countries actually know how to reduce the damage? That second bit is important – remember Charles Kenny’s book ‘<A href="https://www.oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/?p=4772" target=_blank>Getting Better</A>‘, which argues powerfully that since we understand how to improve health and education much better than how to generate jobs and growth, aid should concentrate on the former.</div></div></div> Tue, 12 Mar 2013 20:09:08 +0000 Duncan Green 6266 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere