anti-corruption https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/taxonomy/term/1003/all en Weekly wire: The global forum https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-280 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <h4> <img alt="World of News" height="179" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Weekly%20Wire%20Photo_1.jpeg" style="padding:2px; border:1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204); vertical-align:bottom; max-width:none; float:right" title=" Flickr user fdecomit" width="180" /><span>These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.</span></h4> <div style="margin:0in 0in 0pt"> <strong><a href="https://globalanticorruptionblog.com/2016/09/26/guest-post-43-government-reps-walked-into-a-summit-what-next/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">43 Government Reps Walked Into a Summit…. What Next?</a></strong></div> <div style="margin:0in 0in 0pt"> <strong>Global Anticorruption blog</strong></div> <div style="margin:0in 0in 0pt"> International summits come and go, and all too often the promises made at these summits are quickly forgotten, lost in an online catacomb or otherwise hard to track. We at Transparency International are determined that the commitments made by government representatives at last May’s London Anticorruption Summit (648 total commitments by 41 of the 43 participating governments) must not slide into oblivion in this way. That’s why, as Matthew announced in a post earlier this month, we’ve gone through every single country statement and compiled all commitments into one central database, sortable by country, theme, and region. Our goal is for this database to be used by anticorruption advocates and activists to monitor what their countries have committed to, and whether and where they are making progress.</div> <div style="margin:0in 0in 0pt">  </div> <div style="margin:0in 0in 0pt"> <div style="margin:0in 0in 0pt"> <strong><a href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/mobile-networks-are-key-to-global-financial-inclusion-report-1474453800" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Mobile Networks Are Key to Global Financial Inclusion, Report Finds</a></strong></div> <div style="margin:0in 0in 0pt"> <strong>Wall Street Journal</strong></div> <div style="margin:0in 0in 0pt"> The ubiquity of cellphones could allow a rapid expansion of financial services throughout the developing world, with major implications for growth and credit accessibility, a McKinsey &amp; Co. report concludes. “With the technology that’s available today you could provide billions of people and millions of businesses opportunities that don’t exist to them today,” Susan Lund, co-author of the McKinsey Global Institute report on digital finance, said in an interview. The report found that with coordinated action by financial firms, telecommunications companies and developing-country governments, some 1.6 billion people could gain access to financial services by 2025, all without major new expenditures on physical infrastructure.</div> </div> <div style="margin:0in 0in 0pt">  </div></div></div> Thu, 29 Sep 2016 15:02:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7526 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Integrity Idol: How a reality TV show is changing minds about public service https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/integrity-idol-how-reality-tv-show-changing-minds-about-public-service <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">In an age when celebrity culture and corruption appear to be omnipresent, it’s quite refreshing to be reminded that there are good people doing good work day in and day out.  These people work in our school systems, hospitals, charities, and as part of government bureaucracy.  Yes, bureaucracy.   <br /><br /> As Blair Glencorse states, “bureaucrats and civil servants can serve citizens in the way that they are supposed to.”  With this in mind, the organization he founded, <a href="https://www.accountabilitylab.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Accountability Lab</a>, created <a href="https://www.integrityidol.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Integrity Idol</a>, a global campaign run by citizens in search for honest government officials. It aims to “highlight the good people in the system” as way to establish a culture and expectation of honesty and personal responsibility in government postings. Integrity Idol began in Nepal in 2014, spread to Liberia in 2015, and now includes Pakistan and Mali.<br /><br /> The process of selecting an Integrity Idol is participatory from beginning to end. Local teams of volunteers travel across their countries gathering nominations from citizens, hosting public forums and generating discussion on the need for public officials with integrity. From the long list nominees, five are selected in each country with the help of independent panels of experts. These finalists are then filmed and their episodes are shown on national television and played on the radio for a week, and citizens can vote for their favorites through SMS short-codes and on the website. The winner in each country is crowned in a national ceremony in the capital.<br /><br /> Here, Glencorse discusses Integrity Idol back in 2014, when the program was just getting started in Nepal.  Nominations are now open in Pakistan, Nepal, and Mali. T<span>o nominate a candidate in one of these countries visit <a href="https://www.integrityidol.org/" rel="nofollow">www.integrityidol.org</a>.</span><br />  <div class="asset-wrapper asset aid-281 asset-video"> <strong > Integrity Idol: How a reality TV show is changing minds about public service </strong> <div class="content"> <div class="field field-name-field-asset-video-file field-type-emvideo field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><object type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="640" height="360" data="//www.youtube.com/v/937RoIl1svY"> <param name="movie" value="//www.youtube.com/v/937RoIl1svY" /> <param name="wmode" value="transparent" /> <param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /> </object> </div></div></div></div> </div></div></div></div> Wed, 27 Jul 2016 17:03:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7471 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Should aid fight corruption? New book questions logic behind this week’s anti-corruption summit https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/should-aid-fight-corruption-new-book-questions-logic-behind-week-s-anti-corruption-summit <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" height="99" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/charles-kenny-portrait.jpg" style="float:right" title="" width="99" />Over at the Center for Global Development, Charles Kenny wants comments on the <a href="https://www.cgdev.org/blog/comment-please-draft-book-aid-donors-and-corruption" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">draft of his book on Aid and Corruption </a>(deadline end of May). Let’s hope this becomes standard practice – it worked brilliantly for me on <a href="https://oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/first-draft-of-how-change-happens-now-ready-anyone-want-to-read-it/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">How Change Happens</a> – more varied voices can chip in good new ideas, spot mistakes or contradictions, and it all helps get a buzz going ahead of publication.</p> <p> But let me take it one step further. As a contribution to the <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/topical-events/anti-corruption-summit-london-2016" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">corruption summit</a>, hosted by David Cameron <span>on 12 May 2016</span>, I thought I would summarize/review the book. Charles gave the green light, provided I stress the ‘preliminary, drafty, subject-to-revisiony nature of the text’. Done.</p> <p> <img alt="" height="186" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/26921978071_958a49069d_z.jpg" style="float:left" title=" Crown Copyright" width="280" />The summit is about a lot more than aid – for example the rich countries <a href="https://t.co/cxYnX6pwrO" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">putting their houses in order on tax havens</a>. Which is just as well, because the book poses some real challenges to the whole ‘anti-corruption’ narrative on aid. What’s more, it is erudite, engagingly written and upbeat – as you’d expect given Charles’ optimistic previous takes like <a href="https://oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/getting-better-why-global-development-is-succeeding-review-of-charles-kennys-new-book/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Getting Better</a>. He’s got a great eye for telling research and ‘man bites dog’ surprise findings. Example: ‘Taking a cross section of countries and comparing current income (2010) to corruption perceptions in 2002 and income in 2002, results suggests more corrupt countries in 2002 have <em>higher</em> incomes in 2010.’</p> <p> His core argument is pretty striking – when it comes to aid and corruption, corruption does indeed matter, but the cure is often worse than the disease: ‘an important and justified focus on corruption as a barrier to development progress has led to policy and institutional change in donor agencies that is damaging the potential for aid to deliver development.’ Ouch.</p> </div></div></div> Wed, 25 May 2016 18:08:00 +0000 Duncan Green 7412 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly wire: The global forum https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-261 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><h4> <img alt="World of News" height="179" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Weekly%20Wire%20Photo_1.jpeg" style="padding:2px; border:1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204); vertical-align:bottom; max-width:none; float:right" title=" Flickr user fdecomit" width="180" />These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.</h4> <p> <strong><a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/mediaaction/publications-and-resources/policy/working-paper/curbing-corruption-and-fostering-accountability-in-fragile-settings" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Curbing corruption and fostering accountability in fragile settings - why an imperilled media needs better support</a></strong><br /> BBC Media Action<br /> An independent media is one of the most effective assets we have in efforts to curb corruption and foster accountability. Yet it is deeply imperilled, particularly in fragile states and often poorly understood by the international development sector. This policy working paper argues that unless development strategies begin to prioritise support to independent media, corruption may continue to go unchecked and the accountability of states will diminish.</p> <p> <strong><a href="https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/05/africa-s-digital-revolution-a-look-at-the-technologies-trends-and-people-driving-it" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Africa’s digital revolution: a look at the technologies, trends and people driving it</a></strong><br /> World Economic Forum<br /> We are at the dawn of a technological revolution that will change almost every part of our lives – jobs, relationships, economies, industries and entire regions. It promises to be, as Professor Klaus Schwab has written, “a transformation unlike anything humankind has experienced before”. In no place is that more true than Africa, a continent that has yet to see all the benefits of previous industrial revolutions. Today, only 40% of Africans have a reliable energy supply, and just 20% of people on the continent have internet access.</p> </div></div></div> Thu, 19 May 2016 14:52:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7406 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere The anti-corruption agenda is in danger of forgetting its principal asset: An independent media https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/anti-corruption-agenda-danger-forgetting-its-principal-asset-independent-media <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" height="187" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/6840840935_b774642864_z.jpg" style="float:left" title=" Mr.TinDC" width="280" />Sitting in a large, rain pattered, <a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/comsec/26914717826" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">tent in the grounds of Marlborough House</a> in London last week, I had to admit to a mixture of frustration and admiration.  Admirably hosted by the Commonwealth Secretariat, <a href="https://thecommonwealth.org/tacklingcorruptiontogether" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">the conference was the civil society and business</a> gathering prefacing the major <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/topical-events/anti-corruption-summit-london-2016?" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Anti-Corruption Summit</a> organised by UK Prime Minister, David Cameron. <br />  <br /> First, the admiration. Both the <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/global-declaration-against-corruption/global-declaration-against-corruption" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">outcomes</a> of the Summit and the immense energy by civil society and other leaders in informing and influencing it, are impressive.  Registries of beneficial ownership, fresh agreements on information sharing, new commitments requiring disclosure of property ownership, new signatories to the <a href="https://www.opengovpartnership.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Open Government Partnership</a> and open contracting Initiatives, the commitment from leaders of corruption affected countries and much else on display this week suggests real innovation, energy and optimism in advancing the anticorruption agenda.<br />  <br /> The frustration stems from a concern that, while there is much that is new being agreed, one of the principal and most effective existing assets for checking corruption has barely featured in the discussion so far – and it is an asset which is increasingly imperilled.<br />  <br /> It isn’t just people like myself who point to the critical role of an independent media.  As I’ve argued in a <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/mediaaction/publications-and-resources/policy/working-paper/curbing-corruption-and-fostering-accountability-in-fragile-settings" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">new working paper</a>, when any serious <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/406346/corruption-evidence-paper-why-corruption-matters.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">review of the evidence of what actually works in reducing corruption</a> is undertaken, it is the presence of an independent media that features consistently.  In contrast, only a few of the anti-corruption measures that have been supported by development agencies to date have been effective. </p> </div></div></div> Tue, 17 May 2016 14:41:00 +0000 James Deane 7403 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Fighting corruption behind the scenes: The evolving and ever important role of forensic audits in international development https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/fighting-corruption-behind-scenes-evolving-and-ever-important-role-forensic-audits-international <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><h4> Ryna Ferlatte heads the Forensic Services Unit of the World Bank’s <a href="https://www.worldbank.org/integrity" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Integrity Vice Presidency </a>(INT). She has over 20 years of experience in forensic accounting, audit and corporate financial accounting, and reporting. In this interview, she provides a window into the field of forensic auditing and explains why it's so important to global anti-corruption efforts.</h4> <p> <strong><img alt="" height="280" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/int-square-8.jpg" style="float:left" title="" width="280" />Why do we know so little about forensic auditing?</strong><br /><br /> Big corporate fraud and corruption cases like Enron, Satyam, Siemens and others offer the basis of knowledge for what forensic auditors can contribute, but forensic accountants often work in the background of these large investigations.  These cases show that the standard checks and balances, such as compliance, internal audit and external audit, are not always enough to <a href="https://pubdocs.worldbank.org/pubdocs/publicdoc/2015/12/616331449169323720/PSU.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">prevent fraud and corrupt</a>ion.  The role of an independent oversight function such as INT is critical and the World Bank has been a leader in including forensic auditing as part of the exercise of its audit and inspection rights of Bank-funded contracts.  But this is not the only way forensics can add value.<br /><br /> Today, there is more recognition that forensics can be used not only to identify and quantify fraud and corruption losses, but also can serve as a deterrent and help reduce instances of such wrongdoing. And while forensic standards and tools are evolving globally, the results of forensic audits emphasize its value as an effective tool that can be also used proactively to cut financial losses in vulnerable sectors and high-risk projects.</p> </div></div></div> Fri, 13 May 2016 16:33:00 +0000 Ryna Ferlatte 7400 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Corruption in fragile states: A panel discussion on the intersections of development, conflict and exploitation https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/corruption-fragile-states-panel-discussion-intersections-development-conflict-and-exploitation <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="Just say NO to corruption" height="158" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/73757271_0a5f7fd124_z.jpg" style="float:right" title="" width="280" />Corruption is a global threat to development and democratic rule. It diverts public resources to private interests, leaving fewer resources to build schools, hospitals, roads and other public facilities. When development money is diverted to private bank accounts, major infrastructure projects and badly needed human services come to a halt. Corruption also hinders democratic governance by destroying the rule of law, the integrity of institutions, and public trust in leaders. Sadly, the vulnerable suffer first and worst when corruption takes hold.<br /><br /> In fragile environments, however, the effects of corruption can be far more expensive. Corruption fuels extremism and undermines international efforts to build peace and security.<br /><br /> This was the theme of a panel discussion, entitled “Corruption in Fragile States: The Development Challenge,” which brought together <a href="https://www.worldbank.org/en/about/people/leonard-frank-mccarthy" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Leonard McCarthy</a>, the World Bank’s Vice President of Integrity; <a href="https://www.worldbank.org/en/about/people/jan-walliser" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Jan Walliser</a>, the World Bank Vice President of Equitable Growth, Finance and Institutions; <a href="https://www.worldbank.org/en/about/people/shanta-devarajan" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Shanta Devarajan</a>, World Bank Chief Economist of Middle East &amp; North Africa; <a href="https://www.usaid.gov/who-we-are/organization/r-david-harden" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">R. David Harden</a>, USAID Mission Director for West Bank and Gaza; <a href="https://www.resourcegovernance.org/about/staff-bios" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Daniel Kaufmann</a>, President of Natural Resource Governance Institute; and <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/in/mathomas2" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Melissa Thomas</a>, Political Scientist and author of “Govern Like Us.”</p> </div></div></div> Mon, 21 Dec 2015 21:33:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7256 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Media (R)evolutions: Internet freedom in decline across the world https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/media-revolutions-internet-freedom-decline-across-world <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><h4> New developments and curiosities from a changing global media landscape: People, Spaces, Deliberation brings trends and events to your attention that illustrate that tomorrow's media environment will look very different from today's, and will have little resemblance to yesterday's.</h4> <p> In its<a href="https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/freedom-net-2015" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"> 2015 annual “Freedom on the Net” report</a>, <a href="https://freedomhouse.org/about-us" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Freedom House</a>, a US-based organization, analyzed 65 countries to assess the degree to which individuals enjoy rights and freedoms online within each country.<br /><br /> Unfortunately, the report finds internet freedom around the world has declined for a fifth consecutive year as more governments censored information of public interest while they also expanded surveillance activity and cracked down on privacy tools. Authorities in 42 of the countries analyzed required internet users or private customers to restrict or delete online content related to political, religious, or social issues, while authorities in 40 of 65 countries went a step further to imprison people for sharing information concerning politics, religion or society through digital networks.  Additionally, governments in 14 of 65 countries passed new laws to increase surveillance since June 2014, and others upgraded their surveillance tools.  Globally, democracies and authoritarian regimes alike stigmatized encryption as an instrument of terrorism, and many tried to ban or limit tools that protect privacy.<br /><br /> However, it is not all bad news. Nearly one-third of Internet users worldwide are in countries that are considered "Free". Internet freedom has also increased in eight countries over the past few years, including Cuba, Iran, Malawi, Sri Lanka, Tunisia, and Zambia. All of these fall into the "Partly Free" or "Not Free" categories. This occurred while many other poor performers showed further declines in freedom.<br /><br /> This chart, <a href="https://www.statista.com/chart/3942/internet-freedom-across-the-world-visualized/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">created by Niall McCarthy at Statista,</a> shows the state of internet freedom around the world in 2015, as compiled by Freedom House.</p> <div class="asset-wrapper asset aid-212 asset-tableau"> <strong > Internet Freedom Across The World Visualized | Statista </strong> <div class="content"> <div class="field field-name-field-asset-video-file field-type-emvideo field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><a href="//www.statista.com/chart/3942/internet-freedom-across-the-world-visualized/" ><img src="//d28wbuch0jlv7v.cloudfront.net/images/infografik/normal/chartoftheday_3942_internet_freedom_across_the_world_visualized_n.jpg" alt="Infographic: Internet Freedom Across The World Visualized | Statista" style="width: 100%; height: auto !important; max-width:960px;-ms-interpolation-mode: bicubic;"/></a><br /></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-asset-video-desc field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"></div></div></div></div> </div></div></div></div> Wed, 02 Dec 2015 16:32:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7231 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere How Communication can Help Break the Chain of Corruption in the Private Sector https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/how-communication-can-help-break-chain-corruption-private-sector <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" height="157" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/13982403427_fde4d79bf3_o.jpg" style="float:right" title="" width="280" />When one thinks of corruption in the private-sector, grand scenes of executives paying bribes, bidders lying to win contracts, and senior accountants setting up secret bank accounts are likely to come to mind. In reality, though, the most common form of corruption is small-scale bribery involving people at every step of a company ladder. <br /><br /> Small-scale bribery can take many forms, including non-disclosure of conflicts of interest, setting up deals that benefit particular people, or paying a little extra money to speed up a normally slow process. You might not think the everyday payments people make to building inspectors, customs officials, their friends across the street, or to themselves matter, but they can create a culture of corruption and set an expectation for future payments.<br /><br /> This was one of the main points of a panel discussion, “The Role of Integrity Compliance and Collective Action in Making the Private Sector a Partner in the Fight Against Corruption” at the <a href="https://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/EXTABOUTUS/ORGANIZATION/ORGUNITS/EXTDOII/0,,contentMDK:23195265~pagePK:64168427~piPK:64168435~theSitePK:588921,00.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">International Corruption Hunters Alliance</a> conference held at The World Bank Group December 8-10, 2014. The panelists were Dr. <a href="https://www.pohlmann-company.com/en/people/dr-andreas-pohlmann-en" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Andreas Pohlmann</a>, <a href="https://www.orrick.com/Lawyers/William-B-Jacobson/Pages/default.aspx" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Billy Jacobson</a>, and <a href="https://www.maritime-acn.org/steeringcommittee/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Cecilia Müller Torbrand</a>. Galina Mikhlin-Oliver of the <a href="https://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/EXTABOUTUS/ORGANIZATION/ORGUNITS/EXTDOII/0,,contentMDK:20542001~pagePK:64168427~piPK:64168435~theSitePK:588921,00.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Integrity Vice Presidency</a> of The World Bank was the moderator.</p> </div></div></div> Mon, 15 Dec 2014 15:26:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 6904 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Mobilizing Social Media to Fight Corruption https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/mobilizing-social-media-fight-corruption <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img alt="" height="186" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/5772738444_b486ab12a8_o.jpg" style="float:right" title="" width="280" />Social media and anti-corruption efforts may sound like strange bedfellows, but as communication technology continues to evolve and as mobile devices are increasingly dominant platforms for accessing information, social media is ever more connected to attempts to thwart corruption.<br /><br /> “Voice of Corruption Hunters in Social Media”, a panel discussion at the <a href="https://www.worldbank.org/icha" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">International Corruption Hunters Alliance </a>(ICHA) Conference hosted by The World Bank Group, provided a nice summary of the importance of social media for communicating on anti-corruption. <a href="https://twitter.com/jeremyhillman" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Jeremy Hillman</a>, <a href="https://twitter.com/chrismontgomery" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Christine Montgomery</a>, <a href="https://twitter.com/JTillipman" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Jessica Tillipman</a>, <a href="https://hls.harvard.edu/faculty/directory/10845/Stephenson" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Matthew Stephenson</a>, and <a href="https://twitter.com/Julie_DiMauro" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Julie Dimauro</a> filled out the panel and provided an interesting break-down of the role of social media and some stories to back up their claims.<br /><br /> Social media, in field of the anti-corruption, serves two distinct purposes according to the panel:<br />   <ol><li> Analysis, commentary and advocacy</li> <li> Investigation and crowd-sourcing</li> </ol></div></div></div> Thu, 11 Dec 2014 17:35:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 6902 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Transparency and a New Paradigm of Governance in India https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/transparency-and-new-paradigm-governance-india <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/AAP.jpg" style="float:left; height:210px; width:280px" />The recently-concluded state-level elections in India’s capital city-state, Delhi, yielded a remarkable outcome. The country’s newest political party, the <a href="https://www.aamaadmiparty.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Aam Aadmi Party</a> (AAP), literally “Common Man” Party, formed only a year ago by civil society activists affiliated to the landmark 2010 anti-corruption movement, routed the country’s oldest political party, the Congress, which has governed the country through most of its post-Independence years. The fledgling party’s performance and subsequent formation of the state government (ironically with the backing in the state legislature of the same party it had demolished), is being hailed as the beginning of something like a peaceful democratic revolution. It has galvanized political participation in a fairly unprecedented way as hundreds of thousands of “common people” across the country have <a href="https://www.indianexpress.com/news/membership-trickle-turns-flood-after-delhi-aapswing/1215541/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">rushed to join</a> the ranks of a political force they hope will deliver better governance. And it had sowed the seeds of fresh <a href="https://www.indianexpress.com/news/overcoming-cynicism/1213955/0" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">optimism</a> in the possibility of an ethical and accountable governance system.<br /><br /> This euphoria might be somewhat premature in the absence of any track record of AAP’s performance in government. But the party’s ascent undoubtedly represents a distinct break from traditional politics and suggests a new paradigm in at least two ways. First, AAP transcends the politics of identity and sectarian interests and practices instead what has been called the “<a href="https://m.indianexpress.com/news/politics-as-unusual/1210646/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">politics of citizenship</a>.” While other political parties have emerged from the grassroots in post-independence India and gone on to become potent regional forces, they have typically had their moorings in identity politics of one sort or another – caste, religion, ethnicity – that gave them dedicated support bases. In contrast, the AAP’s primary plank is good governance. Although it has been criticized for espousing untenable populist economic policies – such as subsidized water and electricity, its economic ideology and policies are very much at a formative stage. Its largest selling point has been its promise to fight corruption and bring probity to governance. Its success has catapulted the problem of corruption center-stage as <em>the</em> defining issue in the upcoming national elections.</p> </div></div></div> Tue, 07 Jan 2014 16:25:00 +0000 Anupama Dokeniya 6571 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere #6 from 2013: The Limits of Institutional Reform in Development - Changing Rules for Realistic Solutions: Getting Stuff Done https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/6-2013-limits-institutional-reform-development-changing-rules-realistic-solutions-getting-stuff-done <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/9781107016330i.jpg" style="float:left; height:314px; width:210px" /><em><strong>Our Top Ten Blog Posts by readership in 2013</strong><br /> This post was originally published on February 21, 2013</em><br /> <br /> There is a silent struggle going regarding how you do governance reforms in development. It is between the prevailing tendency and a small but growing band of practitioners saying things need to be done differently. The prevailing tendency is the packaging of experts-devised best practice packages that we take from country to country…model anti-corruption laws, model designs for the civil service, procurement systems, and financial management systems and so on. Our highly trained experts are invested in their solutions, and the modern global system has a growing array of policy networks on every issue under the sun, and they amass and disseminate norms of ideal practice. So, donors and their experts move from one country to another, offering money, loans, and these packages.&nbsp; So, how are things working out? Not very well is the answer. To use an Americanism; we are not getting stuff done that much when it comes to governance reforms, whatever the sector. Isn’t it high time we changed our ways?</div></div></div> Thu, 02 Jan 2014 18:30:00 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 6251 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere #10 from 2013: Citizens Against Corruption: What Works? Findings from 200 Projects in 53 Countries https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/10-2013-citizens-against-corruption-what-works-findings-200-projects-53-countries <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Johanna/51v9HVXb2wL._SY300_.jpg" style="float:right; height:300px; width:200px" /></p> <p> <strong><em>In the next few weeks, we will be running our Top Ten Blog Posts by readership in 2013</em></strong></p> <p> <em>Originally published on May 22, 2013</em></p> <p> I attended a <a href="https://www.odi.org.uk/events/3195-tackling-corruption-can-citizens-make-difference" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">panel + booklaunch</a> on the theme of ‘<a href="https://ptfund.org/2013/04/new-book-citizens-against-corruption-report-from-the-frontline/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Citizens Against Corruption</a>’ at the ODI last week. After all the recent <a href="https://www.oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/?p=13590" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">agonizing and self-doubt</a> of the results debate (‘really, do we know anything about the impact of our work? How can we be sure?’), it was refreshing to be carried away on a wave of conviction and passion. The author of the book, <a href="https://www.thepolicypractice.com/peopledetails.asp?code=5" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Pierre Landell-Mills</a> is in no doubt – citizen action can have a massive impact in countering corruption and improving the lives of poor people, almost irrespective of the political context.</p> <p> The book captures the experience of the <a href="https://ptfund.org/2013/04/new-book-citizens-against-corruption-report-from-the-frontline/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Partnership for Transparency Fund</a>, set up by Pierre in 2000. It summarizes experiences from 200 case studies in 53 countries. This has included everything from using boy scouts to stop the ‘disappearance’ of textbooks in the Philippines to introducing a new code of ethics for Mongolia’s judiciary. The PTF’s model of change is really interesting. In terms of the project itself:</p> <ul><li> Entirely demand led: it waits for civil society organizations (CSOs) to come up with proposals, and funds about one in five</li> <li> $25k + an expert: the typical project consists of a small grant, and a volunteer expert, usually a retiree from aid agencies or governments, North and South. According to Pierre ‘the clue to PTF’s success has been marrying high quality expertise with the energy and guts of young activists’. (I’ve now added ‘Grey Wonks’ to my ‘<a href="https://www.oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/?p=3929" rel="nofollow">Grey Panthers</a>’ rant on why the aid world is so bad at making the most of older people).</li> <li> The PTF is tapping into a zeitgeist of shifting global norms on corruption, epitomised by the <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Convention_against_Corruption" rel="nofollow">UN Convention Against Corruption</a> (2003). The idea that ‘they work for us’ seems to be gaining ground.</li> <li> The PTF prefers cooperation to conflict – better to work with champions within the state (and there nearly always are some, if you can find them), than just to lob rocks from the sidelines (although some rock-lobbing may also be required).</li> <li> It also prefers action and avoids funding ‘awareness-raising’, ‘capacity building’ and other ‘conference-building measures.’</li> </ul><p> So what works? On the basis of the case studies (chapters on India, Mongolia, Uganda and the Philippines), and his vast experience of governance and corruption work, Pierre sets out a ‘stylized programme’ for the kinds of CSO-led initiatives that deliver the goods:</p> </div></div></div> Mon, 23 Dec 2013 18:32:00 +0000 Duncan Green 6347 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Looking for Silver Linings in a Cloud of Corruption https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/looking-silver-linings-cloud-corruption <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Johanna/3492673802_67ec6a394d.jpeg" style="float:left; height:186px; width:280px" />There is much to be discouraged by in <a href="https://www.transparency.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Transparency International’s</a> recently-released 2013 <a href="https://www.transparency.org/gcb2013" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Global Corruption Barometer</a>, the biennial global survey that gauges popular perceptions about the extent of corruption in public life. More than half of 114,000 people in 107 countries polled for the 2013 survey believe that corruption has increased over the last couple of years. And 27 per cent of the respondents reported having paid a bribe when accessing public services and institutions, an increase from the 10 per cent that reported similar incidents in the 2009, 2007, and 2005 surveys.<br />  <br /> The intransigence of the challenge might not be news to international agencies, but it is certainly a cause for introspection. For a few decades now, aid agencies (including the Bank following the 1997 <a href="https://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/EXTABOUTUS/ORGANIZATION/EXTPRESIDENT/EXTPASTPRESIDENTS/PRESIDENTEXTERNAL/0,,contentMDK:20094290~menuPK:232057~pagePK:139877~piPK:199692~theSitePK:227585,00.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Cancer of Corruption</a> speech by then President Wolfensohn), have aimed to help stem corruption through regulatory tools such as <a href="https://www.oecd.org/gov/oecdprinciplesformanagingethicsinthepublicservice.htm" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">codes of conduct</a>, <a href="https://siteresources.worldbank.org/PUBLICSECTORANDGOVERNANCE/Resources/285741-1343934891414/8787489-1344020463266/RTI-IPP-Web-Final.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">access to information laws</a>, standards for <a href="https://www.oecd.org/gov/oecdprinciplesforenhancingintegrityinpublicprocurement.htm" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">procurement</a> and <a href="https://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTPUBLICSECTORANDGOVERNANCE/0,,contentMDK:23097317~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:286305,00.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">public financial management</a>, <a href="https://www.oecd.org/gov/ethics/49107986.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">conflict of interest</a> and <a href="https://www.transparency.org/news/feature/holding_politicians_to_account_asset_declarations" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">asset disclosure</a> regulations, and by establishing oversight institutions such as anti-corruption agencies, audit institutions, and parliamentary oversight committees. More recently, in response to a recognition that such technical fixes are only half a solution, the “demand side” of governance has received much attention, and there are several examples of successful programs, as chronicled, for instance, by retired Bank staffer, Pierre Landell-Mills, in a recent <a href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/citizens-against-corruption-report-front-line" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">compendium</a>.</p> </div></div></div> Thu, 01 Aug 2013 21:00:00 +0000 Anupama Dokeniya 6422 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly Wire: the Global Forum https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-1 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><P><IMG border=0 hspace=0 alt="" align=left src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/medium_weekly_wire_photo_12.jpeg" width=120 height=120>These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.</P> <P><STRONG>BET</STRONG><BR><A href="https://www.bet.com/news/global/2013/04/15/ory-okolloh-talks-tech-in-africa.html">Like Water for Internet: Ory Okolloh Talks Tech in Africa </A></P> <P>“Last week, ahead of her trip to Washington, D.C., to speak to the World Bank about Africa’s private sector, the 35-year-old Policy Manager for Google Africa took to her Twitter account and asked her followers, “What should I tell them?”</P> <P>The responses came in fast and varied from rants about corruption in multinational corporations to comments about infrastructure and energy. For the most part, Okolloh didn’t engage the responses, but she did re-tweet them for all to read and she made sure to add the World Bank’s twitter account to the dispatches so that the behemoth institution could also see what Africa’s tweeting populace had to say.”&nbsp; <A href="https://www.bet.com/news/global/2013/04/15/ory-okolloh-talks-tech-in-africa.html" target=_blank>READ MORE</A></div></div></div> Thu, 18 Apr 2013 15:59:52 +0000 Kalliope Kokolis 6305 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere