digital https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/taxonomy/term/860/all en Blockchain for Development: A Handy Bluffers’ Guide https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/blockchain-development-handy-bluffers-guide <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <a href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/blockchain.png" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><img alt="" height="238" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/blockchain.png" style="float:left" title="" width="243" /></a>Top tip: if you’re in a meeting discussing anything to do with finance, at some point look wise and say ‘you do realize, blockchain is likely to change everything.’ Of course, there is always a terrifying chance that someone will ask what you actually mean. Worry not, because IDS has produced a handy bluffer’s guide to help you respond. <a href="https://opendocs.ids.ac.uk/opendocs/bitstream/handle/123456789/12945/RRB17.pdf?sequence=1&amp;isAllowed=y" rel="nofollow">Blockchain for Development – Hope or Hype?</a>, by <a href="https://www.ids.ac.uk/person/kevin-hernandez" rel="nofollow">Kevin Hernandez</a>, is the latest in IDS’ ‘<a href="https://www.ids.ac.uk/publications/ids-series-titles/ids-rapid-response-briefings" rel="nofollow">Rapid Response Briefings</a>’ series, (which itself is a nice example of how research institutions can work better around critical junctures/windows of opportunity). It’s only four pages, but in case even that is too onerous, here are some excerpts (aka a bluffer’s guide to the bluffer’s guide).</p> <p> <strong>‘What is blockchain technology? </strong></p> <p> At its heart, the blockchain is a ledger. It is a digital ledger of transactions that is distributed, verified and monitored by multiple sources simultaneously. It may be difficult to think of something as basic as the way we keep and maintain records as a technology, but this is because record-keeping is so ingrained in daily life, albeit often invisibly. The ubiquity of ledgers is in part the reason why blockchains are held as having so much disruptive potential. Traditionally, ledgers have enabled and facilitated vital functions, with the help of trusted third parties such as financial institutions and governments. These include: ensuring us of who owns what; validating transactions; or verifying that a given piece of information is true.</p> </div></div></div> Mon, 15 May 2017 17:41:00 +0000 Duncan Green 7719 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Media (R)evolutions: Social media as a main source of news on the rise, new study finds https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/media-revolutions-social-media-main-source-news-rise-new-study-finds <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Also available in: <a href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/voices/fr/revolutions-mediatiques-les-reseaux-sociaux-s-imposent-de-plus-en-plus-comme-la-principale-source" rel="nofollow">Français</a> <p> <br /><strong>New developments and curiosities from a changing global media landscape: </strong><a href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>People, Spaces, Deliberation</strong></a><strong> brings trends and events to your attention that illustrate that tomorrow's media environment will look very different from today's, and will have little resemblance to yesterday's.</strong><br /><br /> Where do you get your news from? Is it TV, printed media, radio, social media? Are they established or new news sources? Your answer probably differs depending on your own media consumption behaviors, your age, where you live, and many other aspects. And your answer may change from year to year. You probably still read, watch, or listen to the similar familiar and trusted sources, but has the way you get to those sources changed overtime? How do you access news? Trying to understand the changing environment around news across countries, <a href="https://reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism</a> commissioned the “Digital News Report.”<br /><br /> The latest <a href="https://reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/sites/default/files/Digital-News-Report-2016.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Digital News Report 2016</a> found that across their entire sample, 51% of those interviewed (over 50,000 people in 26 countries) used social media as a source of news each week. For one in ten of those used social media as their main source of news. The infographic below shows clear growth of social media as a main source of news (selected countries) just from last year. According to this report, in Brazil, the growth of social media as a main source of news increased from 10% to 18%, while in Denmark it doubled from 6% to 12%. Other selected countries also experienced significant increase. In Greece, 27% said social media was their main source of news. More than TV (21%) and Print (3%).</p> <div> <a href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/1_5.png" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><img alt="" height="301" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/1_5.png" title="" width="600" /></a></div> <p> </div></div></div> Wed, 22 Mar 2017 14:43:00 +0000 Darejani Markozashvili 7667 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Media (R)evolutions: Streaming into the future - Digital music increases its global share in the industry https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/media-revolutions-streaming-future-digital-music-increases-its-global-share-industry <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <strong>New developments and curiosities from a changing global media landscape: </strong><a href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>People, Spaces, Deliberation</strong></a><strong> brings trends and events to your attention that illustrate that tomorrow's media environment will look very different from today's, and will have little resemblance to yesterday's.</strong><br /><br /> How do you get your music? This is such a relevant question nowadays, since there are many ways to enjoy our favorite melodies: Do you buy physical copies (i.e., CDs - or vinyl for the essentialists amongst us)? Do you download your songs and singles? Or do you stream it directly from the internet? The music market is constantly evolving, and the way we consume music has a large impact in the industry’s revenues.  <br /><br /> Last month, the <a href="https://ifpi.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">International Federation of the Phonographic Industry</a> (IFPI) launched its Global Music Report 2016, which outlines the state of the recorded music market worldwide. According to their own <a href="https://www.ifpi.org/news/IFPI-GLOBAL-MUSIC-REPORT-2016" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">news release</a>: “The global music market achieved a key milestone in 2015 when digital became the primary revenue stream for recorded music, overtaking sales of physical formats for the first time.”<br /><br /><a href="https://musicindustryblog.wordpress.com/about/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Mark Mulligan</a>, a media and technology analyst, put together in his <a href="https://musicindustryblog.wordpress.com/2016/04/12/ifpi-first-take-declining-legacy-formats-continue-to-hold-back-growth/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Music Industry Blog</a>, the following graph analyzing the numbers from the Global Music Report.<br /><br /><img alt="" height="536" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/music_industry.png" title="" width="700" /></p> </div></div></div> Wed, 18 May 2016 14:21:00 +0000 Davinia Levy 7404 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly Wire: the Global Forum https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-144 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Weekly%20Wire%20Photo_1.jpeg" style="float:right; height:139px; width:140px" />These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.<br /><br /><strong><a href="https://www.developmentprogress.org/blog/2013/11/20/financing-progress-independently-taxation-and-illicit-flows" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Financing progress independently: taxation and illicit flows</a></strong><br /><em>Development Progress</em><br /><br /> “With less than two years to go before the deadline for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), it is time to take stock of what the goals have achieved and, just as importantly, what the goals have overlooked – including finance.<br /><br /> The debate on what follows the MDGs – the post-2015 framework – is a chance to focus on two major finance themes that are not reflected in the goals themselves. First, that taxation is the central source of development finance; and second, that illicit financial flows undermine effective taxation and require international action. If this chance is not to be wasted, we need a consensus – and soon – on targets in these interlinked areas.” <a href="https://www.developmentprogress.org/blog/2013/11/20/financing-progress-independently-taxation-and-illicit-flows" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">READ MORE</a><br />  </p> </div></div></div> Wed, 27 Nov 2013 16:08:00 +0000 Kalliope Kokolis 6546 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly Wire: the Global Forum https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-143 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Weekly%20Wire%20Photo_1.jpeg" style="float:right; height:139px; width:140px" />These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.<br /><br /><strong><a href="https://www.thedishdaily.com/news/2013/11/18/future-news-3-silicon-valley-executives" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">The Future of News from 3 Silicon Valley Executives</a></strong><br /><em>The Dish Daily</em><br /><br /> "In a world transformed by the Internet and overrun by tech giants, the news industry has been irrevocably changed. Some lament, but few would argue. Those on the news side of things have been vocal for some time – analyzing and brainstorming, discussing and arguing – but we’ve not often heard what those behind the flourishing tech companies have to say.<br /><br /> Three notable Silicon Valley figures discussed the news industry with Riptide, a project headed by John Huey, Martin Nisenholtz and Paul Sagan and published by Harvard’s Nieman Journalism Lab." <a href="https://www.thedishdaily.com/news/2013/11/18/future-news-3-silicon-valley-executives" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">READ MORE</a> <br />  </p> </div></div></div> Thu, 21 Nov 2013 15:29:00 +0000 Kalliope Kokolis 6539 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly Wire: the Global Forum https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-118 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/medium_weekly_wire_photo_12.jpeg" style="float:left; height:120px; width:120px" />These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.<br /> <br /> <strong>iRevolution</strong><br /> <a href="https://irevolution.net/2013/05/28/google-blimps/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Google Blimps for Disaster Response</a><br /> <br /> "A blimp is a floating airship that does not have any internal supporting framework or keel. The airship is typically filled with helium and is navigated using steerable fans. Google is apparently planning to launch a fleet of Blimps to extend Internet/wifi access across Africa and Asia. Some believe that "these high-flying networks would spend their days floating over areas outside of major cities where Internet access is either scarce or simply nonexistent." Small-scale prototypes are reportedly being piloted in South Africa "where a base station is broadcasting signals to wireless access boxes in high schools over several kilometres." The US military has been using similar technology for years." &nbsp;<a href="https://irevolution.net/2013/05/28/google-blimps/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">READ MORE&nbsp;</a><br /> &nbsp;</p> </div></div></div> Thu, 30 May 2013 15:08:29 +0000 Kalliope Kokolis 6355 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly Wire: the Global Forum https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-100 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><P><IMG height=129 alt="" hspace=0 src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/weekly_wire_photo_8.jpeg" width=130 align=left border=0></P> <P>These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.</P> <P><STRONG>ICT Works<BR></STRONG><A href="https://www.ictworks.org/news/2013/01/07/choice-between-facebook-and-running-water-isn%E2%80%99t-obvious-0?utm_source=dlvr.it&amp;utm_medium=twitter" target=_blank>The Choice Between Facebook and Running Water Isn’t Obvious</A></P> <P>"Over the past several years two seemingly independent ideas have been gaining traction:</P> <OL> <LI>New technology allows developing nations to leapfrog over traditional growth patterns (M-PESA, long-range wi-fi).</LI> <LI>The increasing move towards “convenience models” may be pointing the US’ tech sector away from innovation (Peter Thiel’s “they promised us flying cars but instead we got 140 characters”).</LI></OL> <P>In a recent working paper for the National Bureau of Economic Research, economist Robert J. Gordon writes that the US’ current wave of innovation is less of a step forward and more of a lateral move, merely finding novel ways to use innovations made 20 years ago, sitting him squarely alongside Thiel. To illustrate, Gordon asks the following hypothetical question between two options, A and B:</P> <P>With option A you are allowed to keep 2002 electronic technology, including your Windows 98 laptop accessing Amazon, and you can keep running water and indoor toilets; but you can’t use anything invented since 2002. Option B is that you get everything invented in the past decade right up to Facebook, Twitter, and the iPad, but you have to give up running water and indoor toilets. You have to haul the water into your dwelling and carry out the waste. Even at 3am on a rainy night, your only toilet option is a wet and perhaps muddy walk to the outhouse. Which option do you choose?" <A href="https://www.ictworks.org/news/2013/01/07/choice-between-facebook-and-running-water-isn%E2%80%99t-obvious-0?utm_source=dlvr.it&amp;utm_medium=twitter" target=_blank>READ MORE</A></P> <P></div></div></div> Thu, 10 Jan 2013 15:23:28 +0000 Kalliope Kokolis 6202 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly Wire: the Global Forum https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-79 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><P><IMG height=120 alt="" hspace=0 src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/weekly_wire_photo.jpeg" width=121 align=left border=0></P> <P>These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.</P> <P><STRONG>Nieman Journalism Lab<BR></STRONG><A href="https://www.niemanlab.org/2012/07/deutsche-welle-and-how-its-taking-advantage-of-the-mobile-boom-in-africa/" target=_blank>Deutsche Welle’s trying to use Africa’s mobile-phone boom to spread news by new&nbsp;means</A></P> <P>“As the fastest-growing mobile market on the planet, Africa is facing huge opportunities — and distinct challenges — in news dissemination.</P> <P>By the end of the year, it’s estimated that more than three-quarters of the population will be cell phone subscribers, including in places where literacy rates are low and electricity is unavailable. To better serve that demographic, German media giant Deutsche Welle is using over-the-phone voice technology to deliver news.</P> <P>No Internet access necessary: Just dial a number to access the program Learning by Ear, an educational show for teenagers that mixes news and explainers having to do with health, politics, the economy, the environment, and social issues.”&nbsp; <A href="https://www.niemanlab.org/2012/07/deutsche-welle-and-how-its-taking-advantage-of-the-mobile-boom-in-africa/" target=_blank>READ MORE</A></div></div></div> Thu, 02 Aug 2012 14:43:40 +0000 Kalliope Kokolis 6058 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Just Because the Revolution Will Not Be Digital Does Not Mean it Will Not Happen https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/just-because-revolution-will-not-be-digital-does-not-mean-it-will-not-happen <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p><img height="186" alt="" hspace="0" width="280" align="left" border="0" src="/files/publicsphere/facebook.jpg" />Much is being made of ICT and social media in the context of public protests. Governments in distress clearly seem to believe in their power, since they continue to try, sometimes successfully, switching off the many-to-many communication channels that protestors use to organize themselves and to distribute information and materials. When new media were truly new and scholars wondered about the phenomenon and its political effects for the first time, the major question was whether ICT could mobilize people that would not otherwise have been politically active or whether it is &quot;merely&quot; a channel for the already active to organize themselves more efficiently.&nbsp;</p> </div></div></div> Tue, 01 Feb 2011 15:44:13 +0000 Anne-Katrin Arnold 5643 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere