Political Economy Analsyis https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/taxonomy/term/7139/all en 10 reasons to apply for World Bank-Annenberg Summer Institute https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/10-reasons-apply-world-bank-annenberg-summer-institute-0 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div> <img alt="" height="300" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/world_bank_annenberg_summer_institute.png" title="" width="525" /></div> <p> <br /><span>How can professionals looking to lead reform initiatives find the best way forward?<br /><br /> They can start at the World Bank-Annenberg </span><a href="https://exed.annenberg.usc.edu/SummerInstitute" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><span>Summer Institute in Reform Communication: Leadership, Strategy and Stakeholder Alignment</span></a><span>, held at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, from June 5 - June 16, 2017.<br /><br /> The course is designed for leaders, strategists and advisors who want to strengthen the critical competencies necessary to support change agents and reform initiatives in developing countries.  <br /><br /> If this sounds like you, but you need a little nudge, check out these 10 reasons why attending the Summer Institute is a good decision.</span></p> <p> <span>1. <strong>Strengthen the critical competencies necessary to support change agents and reform leaders in developing countries</strong>: The program was developed on the premise that successful implementation of policy reforms depends significantly on non-technical, real-world issues that relate to people and politics. <br /><br /> 2. <strong>Develop the skills necessary to bring about real change</strong>: Finding a way to push a reform forward can sometimes be elusive. Political or sectoral change is usually needed.  The course will develop your skills to analyze policy options and effectively mobilize support.</span></div></div></div> Wed, 01 Feb 2017 18:59:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7618 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Should aid fight corruption? New book questions logic behind this week’s anti-corruption summit https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/should-aid-fight-corruption-new-book-questions-logic-behind-week-s-anti-corruption-summit <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" height="99" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/charles-kenny-portrait.jpg" style="float:right" title="" width="99" />Over at the Center for Global Development, Charles Kenny wants comments on the <a href="https://www.cgdev.org/blog/comment-please-draft-book-aid-donors-and-corruption" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">draft of his book on Aid and Corruption </a>(deadline end of May). Let’s hope this becomes standard practice – it worked brilliantly for me on <a href="https://oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/first-draft-of-how-change-happens-now-ready-anyone-want-to-read-it/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">How Change Happens</a> – more varied voices can chip in good new ideas, spot mistakes or contradictions, and it all helps get a buzz going ahead of publication.</p> <p> But let me take it one step further. As a contribution to the <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/topical-events/anti-corruption-summit-london-2016" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">corruption summit</a>, hosted by David Cameron <span>on 12 May 2016</span>, I thought I would summarize/review the book. Charles gave the green light, provided I stress the ‘preliminary, drafty, subject-to-revisiony nature of the text’. Done.</p> <p> <img alt="" height="186" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/26921978071_958a49069d_z.jpg" style="float:left" title=" Crown Copyright" width="280" />The summit is about a lot more than aid – for example the rich countries <a href="https://t.co/cxYnX6pwrO" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">putting their houses in order on tax havens</a>. Which is just as well, because the book poses some real challenges to the whole ‘anti-corruption’ narrative on aid. What’s more, it is erudite, engagingly written and upbeat – as you’d expect given Charles’ optimistic previous takes like <a href="https://oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/getting-better-why-global-development-is-succeeding-review-of-charles-kennys-new-book/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Getting Better</a>. He’s got a great eye for telling research and ‘man bites dog’ surprise findings. Example: ‘Taking a cross section of countries and comparing current income (2010) to corruption perceptions in 2002 and income in 2002, results suggests more corrupt countries in 2002 have <em>higher</em> incomes in 2010.’</p> <p> His core argument is pretty striking – when it comes to aid and corruption, corruption does indeed matter, but the cure is often worse than the disease: ‘an important and justified focus on corruption as a barrier to development progress has led to policy and institutional change in donor agencies that is damaging the potential for aid to deliver development.’ Ouch.</p> </div></div></div> Wed, 25 May 2016 18:08:00 +0000 Duncan Green 7412 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere 10 reasons to apply for World Bank-Annenberg Summer Institute https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/10-reasons-apply-world-bank-annenberg-summer-institute <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" height="187" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/francis-summerinstitute.jpg" style="float:left" title="" width="280" /> How can professionals looking to lead reform initiatives find the best way forward?<br /><br /> They can start at the World Bank-Annenberg <a href="https://exed.annenberg.usc.edu/SummerInstitute" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Summer Institute in Reform Communication: Leadership, Strategy and Stakeholder Alignment</a>, held at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, May from 23- June 3, 2016.<br /><br /> The course is designed for leaders, strategists and advisors who want to strengthen the critical competencies necessary to support change agents and reform initiatives in developing countries.  <br /><br /> If this sounds like you, but you need a little nudge, check out these 10 reasons why attending ​the Summer Institute is a good decision​.</p> </div></div></div> Mon, 07 Mar 2016 19:32:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7330 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere The Challege of Doing Development Differently https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/challege-doing-development-differently <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" height="111" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/15456395288_f3e0f6f7d8_o.jpg" style="float:left" title="" width="280" />The <a href="https://www.odi.org/events/4048-doing-development-differently" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Doing Development Differently</a> workshop was organised by the <a href="https://buildingstatecapability.com/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Building State Capacity gang at Harvard’s Center for International Development</a> and the <a href="https://www.odi.org/events/4048-doing-development-differently" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Overseas Development Institute</a>; read more about the workshop <a href="https://buildingstatecapability.com/2014/10/21/doing-development-differently-2014/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">here</a>. I was unfortunately able to only attend Day 1 and a tiny bit on Day 2 but caught up through all the videos that are online. See <a href="https://buildingstatecapability.com/2014/10/22/doing-development-differently-day-1-summary/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Day 1 summary</a>; and <a href="https://buildingstatecapability.com/2014/10/24/doing-development-differently-day-2-summary/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Day 2 summary</a><br />  <br /> Here are some thoughts:</p> <ol><li> <strong>Doing Development Differently (DDD) is the big picture: </strong>DDD is about the details and the beauty of innovation and creativity on the ground, but, more importantly, it is about the big picture. As the workshop signalled (at least) to me, the battleground for DDD conspirators/crusaders is the top table, with donors and policymakers, the moneybags, decision-makers and influencers. Expressed in an extremely clichéd way, the goal ought to be to facilitate ‘d’ on the ground by changing the rules of the ‘D’ game. This makes sense to me. Gathering and influencing activists and local champions is a necessary but not sufficient condition for real change. At the same time, this workshop definitely missed a trick by not having participants from governments (I am sure the organizers considered this long and hard), which in many middle- income countries have come to be all of the above actors – the moneybags, the policy/decision-makers, etc. For DDD thinking to go beyond just aid, it is important that governments are included in these conversations.</div></div></div> Mon, 24 Nov 2014 19:57:00 +0000 Suvojit Chattopadhyay 6885 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Can a Political Economy Approach Explain Aid Donors’ Reluctance to Think and Work Politically? Guest Post from Neil McCulloch https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/can-political-economy-approach-explain-aid-donors-reluctance-think-and-work-politically-guest-post <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <em><img alt="" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/3030424748_0817939af9_z.jpg" style="float:left; height:179px; width:280px" />The more enlightened (in my view) aid types have been wagging their fingers for decades, telling their colleagues to adopt more politically literate approaches to their work. Why isn’t everyone convinced? <a href="https://www.ids.ac.uk/person/neil-mcculloch" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Neil McCulloch </a>applies a bit of political economy analysis to the aid business.</em></p> <p> Over the last fifteen years or more, a new approach to development assistance has been gaining ground in policy circles. Broadly entitled the “political economy” approach, it attempts to apply a more political approach to understanding development problems and, importantly, development “solutions”. In particular, a central tenet of the approach is that many development problems are fundamentally political rather than technical and that therefore solutions to these problems are most likely to come from inside a country’s polity than from outside. Perhaps the most famous recent example of this line of thinking is Acemoglu and Robinson’s 2012 book <a href="https://whynationsfail.com/summary/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Why Nations Fail</a>.</p> <p> Acemoglu and Robinson conclude that if each nation’s fate depends primarily on its domestic political struggles, the role for external development assistance is minimal. However, the response of practitioners to this field is to turn this argument on its head i.e. that is, if indeed each nation’s fate depends primarily on its domestic political struggles, development assistance should be trying to influence these struggles in ways that make pro-development outcomes more likely. Yet despite more than a decade analysis, the political economy “approach” is still rarely used by donors in the field. Why? I think there are four reasons:</p> </div></div></div> Mon, 31 Mar 2014 16:19:00 +0000 Duncan Green 6654 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Surprise, Perhaps the Only Way to Expand Reform Space Is… https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/surprise-perhaps-only-way-expand-reform-space <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img alt="" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/8261679399_a45781a030_b.jpg" style="float:right; height:187px; width:280px" />An important, new World Bank study has fascinating news. The study is <a href="https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/16389/9781464801211.pdf?sequence=1" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><em>Problem-Driven Political Economy Analysis: The World Bank’s Experience</em> </a>(Verena Fritz, Brian Levy, and Rachel Ort, Editors). Problem-driven political economy analysis is an approach that encourages those who want to implement governance reforms to: <ul><li> Start the diagnosis with a focus on the problem to be solved, the challenge to be confronted (not general, big picture analysis for its own sake);</li> <li> Probe why the bad equilibrium exists/persists by investigating the roles of (a) structural factors (b) formal and informal institutions…the rules of the game and (c) stakeholder interests, networks and power; and</li> <li> Find a feasible path to reform/change in the specific context.</li> </ul></div></div></div> Thu, 06 Mar 2014 20:08:00 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 6629 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Getting to The 'So Whats': How Can Donors Use Political Economy Analysis to Sort Out Bad Governance? https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/getting-so-whats-how-can-donors-use-political-economy-analysis-sort-out-bad-governance <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Johanna/cropped-PoliticalEconomyEdited.jpg" style="height:77px; width:520px" /><br /> Close but no cigar. Just been reading an ODI paper from a few months ago, <a href="https://www.odi.org.uk/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-assets/publications-opinion-files/8346.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Making sense of the politics of delivery: our findings so far</a>, by <a href="https://www.odi.org.uk/about/staff/133-marta-foresti" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Marta Foresti</a>, Tam O’Neil and <a href="https://www.odi.org.uk/about/staff/554-leni-wild" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Leni Wild</a>. It’s part of the ODI’s excellent stream of work on governance and accountability (see my <a href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/governance-development-africa-solving-collective-action-problems-review-important-new-book" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">review of David Booth and Diana Cammack’s book</a>) and repays close study.</p> <p> The starting point is the widespread disillusionment in DFID and elsewhere with ‘<a href="https://www.gsdrc.org/docs/open/PO58.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">political economy analysis</a>’ (PEA), memorably summed up by <a href="https://www.thepolicypractice.com/peopledetails.asp?code=2" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Alex Duncan’s</a> definition of a political economist as ‘someone who comes and explains why your programme hasn’t worked’:</p> <p> ‘There is no doubt that PEA has helped answer some of these questions [why stuff doesn’t work]. Yet many would say that researchers have not found a middle ground between generality and specificity. On the one hand, the use of catch-all concepts, such as political will or unspecified incentives, fail to provide enough analytical purchase on which to hang entry points for reform. On the other, if we view every context and problem as sui generis, experience cannot be used to construct theories of change that in­clude learning across programmes and contexts.’</p> </div></div></div> Tue, 05 Nov 2013 14:31:00 +0000 Duncan Green 6518 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere "Check My School" and the Power of Openness in Development https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/check-my-school-and-power-openness-development <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><P><IMG height=269 alt="" hspace=0 src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Johanna/4121690730_b2ed62ce31.jpeg" width=180 align=left border=0>There has been a lot of buzz lately around open development, and new initiatives seem to be popping up everywhere. My colleague <A href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/team/maya-brahmam" target=_blank>Maya</A> talks about what open development means exactly in her <A href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/how-do-you-explain-open-development" target=_blank>blog</A>&nbsp;and <A href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/team/soren-gigler" target=_blank>Soren Gigler</A> <A href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/openness-whom-and-openness-what" target=_blank>discusses</A> openness for whom and what.&nbsp; Soren points out that “openness and improved accountability for better results are key concepts of the Openness agenda.” However, he cautions that openness is not a one-way street.&nbsp; For positive impact, citizen engagement is crucial and it’s important to “close the feedback-loop” through the facilitation of information flows between citizens, governments, and donors.</P> <P>In light of this, a prime example of a successful initiative with an innovative citizen-feedback mechanism is <A href="https://www.checkmyschool.org/" target=_blank>“Check My School”</A> (CMS) in the Philippines. Launched by the <A href="https://www.ansa-eap.net/" target=_blank>Affiliated Network for Social Accountability East Asia and the Pacific (ANSA-EAP)</A> just a little over a year ago, it has managed to get real results on the ground.&nbsp; The results and lessons learned were shared at an <A href="https://wbi.worldbank.org/wbi/event/checkmyschoolorg-%E2%80%93-linking-icts-and-citizen-monitoring" target=_blank>event</A> held last week at the World Bank. The speaker was Dondon Parafina, ANSA-EAP’s Network Coordinator.</div></div></div> Thu, 10 May 2012 18:00:54 +0000 Johanna Martinsson 5985 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere At The Cutting Edge of Governance: Final Day https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/cutting-edge-governance-final-day <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p><img height="186" alt="" hspace="0" width="280" align="left" border="0" src="/files/publicsphere/_DSC2534small.jpg" />The third and final day of the <a target="_blank" href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/cutting-edge-governance-day-two">workshop on 'Implementing Effective Country Level Governance'</a> (Cape Town, South Africa) looked to the future. But, in a sense, it was not possible to look ahead without looking back at the same time. Again and again, participants reflected on the amazing road already travelled. Stories were told of the time when the World Bank and other donors would not discuss the terrible scourge of corruption in developing countries, let alone the role of politics and political institutions in either enabling or hampering development results. Yet now, all these things are part of not only the agenda but concrete practice in the field. A director summed up the state of play succinctly:</p> </div></div></div> Thu, 16 Sep 2010 18:10:12 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 5536 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere At The Cutting Edge of Governance: Day Two https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/cutting-edge-governance-day-two <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p><img height="186" alt="" hspace="0" width="280" align="left" border="0" src="/files/publicsphere/_DSC2577small.jpg" />The second day of the <a target="_blank" href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/cutting-edge-governance-day-one">workshop on 'Implementing Effective Country Level Governance Programs',</a> Cape Town, South Africa was marked by a sectoral turn. The substantive reflections and lesson-sharing of the day focused on the implementation of governance and anti-corruption programs at country level in sectors like health, education, transport, energy, and extractive industries. Now, these sectors are very different, but what is fascinating is that with regard to good governance the issues and challenges are amazingly similar. Let me explain.</p> </div></div></div> Wed, 15 Sep 2010 19:18:25 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 5534 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere