media https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/taxonomy/term/595/all en Weekly wire: The global forum https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-316 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <a href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/weekly_wire_8.jpg" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><img alt="" height="178" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/weekly_wire_8.jpg" style="padding:2px; border:1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204); vertical-align:bottom; max-width:none; float:right" title="" width="180" /></a><strong>These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.</strong><br /><br />  <br /><strong><a href="https://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21721656-data-economy-demands-new-approach-antitrust-rules-worlds-most-valuable-resource?fsrc=scn/tw/te/rfd/pe" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">The world’s most valuable resource is no longer oil, but data</a></strong><br /><strong>The Economist</strong><br /> A NEW commodity spawns a lucrative, fast-growing industry, prompting antitrust regulators to step in to restrain those who control its flow. A century ago, the resource in question was oil. Now similar concerns are being raised by the giants that deal in data, the oil of the digital era. These titans—Alphabet (Google’s parent company), Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Microsoft—look unstoppable. They are the five most valuable listed firms in the world. Their profits are surging: they collectively racked up over $25bn in net profit in the first quarter of 2017. Amazon captures half of all dollars spent online in America. Google and Facebook accounted for almost all the revenue growth in digital advertising in America last year. Such dominance has prompted calls for the tech giants to be broken up, as Standard Oil was in the early 20th century. This newspaper has argued against such drastic action in the past. Size alone is not a crime.<br />  <br /><strong><a href="https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/28337" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Pathways for Peace : Inclusive Approaches to Preventing Violent Conflicts</a></strong><br /><strong>World Bank/United Nations</strong><br /> The resurgence of violent conflict in recent years has caused immense human suffering, at enormous social and economic cost. Violent conflicts today have become complex and protracted, involving more non-state groups and regional and international actors, often linked to global challenges from climate change to transnational organized crime. It is increasingly recognized as an obstacle to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. This has given impetus for policy makers at all levels – from local to global – to focus on preventing violent conflict more effectively. Grounded in a shared commitment to this agenda, Pathways for Peace: Inclusive Approaches to Preventing Violent Conflict is a joint United Nations and World Bank study that looks at how development processes can better interact with diplomacy and mediation, security and other tools to prevent conflict from becoming violent.</p> </div></div></div> Thu, 21 Sep 2017 14:55:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7752 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly wire: The global forum https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-290 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <strong><img alt="" height="178" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/2183144613_51456feb78_z_1_5.jpg" style="float:right" title="" width="180" />These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.</strong></p> <p> <strong><a href="https://www.publicfinanceinternational.org/news/2016/12/commodity-crash-has-dragged-back-worlds-poorest-countries-finds-un" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Commodity crash has dragged back world’s poorest countries, finds UN</a></strong><br /><strong>Public Finance International</strong><br /> In a <a href="https://unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/ldc2016_en.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">report</a> on the progress of the world’s least developed countries (LDCs), published yesterday, the United Nations warned that a drop in international support also means these countries are likely to remain locked in poverty. It predicted the world will miss its target to halve the size of the LDC group by the end of the decade. The 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, which were agreed by world leaders last year and include targets on ending extreme poverty, are also at risk. “These are the countries where the global battle for poverty eradication will be won or lost,” said Mukhisa Kituyi, secretary general of the UN Conference on Trade and Development, which produced the report. “A year ago, the global community pledged to ‘leave no one behind’, but that is exactly what is happening to the LDCs.” Global poverty is increasingly concentrated in the 48 LDCs, which comprises mostly of African and Asian nations alongside some Pacific island states and Haiti.</p> <p> <strong><a href="https://www.oecd.org/corruption/oecd-recommendation-for-development-cooperation-actors-on-managing-risks-of-corruption.htm" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">OECD Recommendation of the Council for Development Cooperation Actors on Managing Risks of Corruption</a></strong><br /><strong>OECD</strong><br /> There is strong awareness among the global community that corruption poses serious threats to development goals and that international development agencies have a common interest in managing and reducing, to the extent possible, the internal and external risks to which aid activities are exposed, in order to obtain effective use of aid resources.  This Recommendation of the Council for Development Co-operation Actors on Managing the Risk of Corruption (Recommendation) promotes a broad vision of how international development agencies can work to address corruption, including the bribery of foreign public officials, and to support these agencies in meeting their international and regional commitments in the area of anti-corruption.</p> <p> </div></div></div> Thu, 15 Dec 2016 21:47:00 +0000 Darejani Markozashvili 7590 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly wire: The global forum https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-282 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <h4> <img alt="World of News" height="179" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Weekly%20Wire%20Photo_1.jpeg" style="padding:2px; border:1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204); vertical-align:bottom; max-width:none; float:right" title=" Flickr user fdecomit" width="180" /><span>These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.</span></h4> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p> <strong><a href="https://www.gp-digital.org/wp-content/uploads/pubs/thepracticeandcraftofmultistakeholderpoliymaking.pdf?utm_source=DMM+9%2F30%2F2016&amp;utm_campaign=DMM+9-23&amp;utm_medium=email" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">The Practice and Craft of Multistakeholder Governance: The case of global internet policymaking</a><br /> Global Partners Digital</strong><br /> In recent years, multistakeholderism has become something of a catchphrase in discussions of Internet governance. This follows decades of attempts to identify a system of governance that would be sufficiently flexible, yet at the same time effective enough to manage the decentralized, non-hierarchical global network that is today used by more than 3 billion people. […]In this paper, we contribute to this ongoing discussion by examining current and actual instances of governance and governance bodies that at least approximate the ideal of multistakeholderism. Part I, below, examines seven institutions and fora that serve as real-world examples of multistakeholder governance on the Internet. In Part II, we assess these examples to present a number of lessons learned and more general reflections that can help us better understand the state of—and prospects for—multistakeholder governance of the Internet today.</p> <p> <strong><a href="https://lif.blob.core.windows.net/lif/docs/default-source/publications/facts-we-can-believe-in-how-to-make-fact-checking-better_web-pdf.pdf?sfvrsn=8" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Facts We Can Believe In: How to make fact-checking better</a><br /> Legatum Institute</strong><br /> New media and the information revolution have not only empowered access to information but also fuelled the spread of disinformation. Such is the scale of the problem that the World Economic Forum has defined  misinformation as one of the world’s most urgent problems. Corrupt, neo-authoritarian rulers have become skilled at using disinformation to confuse their opposition, break down trust and fracture civil society. Increasingly, disinformation is used as a weapon by closed societies to attack more open ones. Inside democracies whole segments of society are pulled into alternative realities which are manipulated by violent extremists and dominated by conspiracy theories. Some commentators have even speculated that we are entering a “post-fact” age where political candidates reinvent reality on a whim. This poses a serious danger to deliberative democracy and good governance: if we cannot agree on the facts, debate and decision-making break down.<br />  </p> </div></div></div> Thu, 13 Oct 2016 14:31:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7536 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Media (R)evolutions: Audiences trust established news brands more than new brands or journalists https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/media-revolutions-audiences-trust-established-news-brands-more-new-brands-or-journalists <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><h4> New developments and curiosities from a changing global media landscape: <a href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">People, Spaces, Deliberation</a> brings trends and events to your attention that illustrate that tomorrow's media environment will look very different from today's, and will have little resemblance to yesterday's.</h4> <p> News audiences typically trust institutions more than individuals. It is the news <em>brand</em> — its heritage, values, and journalistic standards — that people identify with, not the celebrity journalists or talking heads, according to the <a href="https://www.digitalnewsreport.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Reuters Digital News Report 2016</a> that surveyed over 50,000 online news consumers in 26 countries.<br /><br /> Who is this anonymous source? Did somebody pay the outlet to run this story? Can I trust the journalist to give me an unbiased report? These questions remain pertinent for contemporary news consumers, and the Digital News Report suggests that trust in the news is more strongly tied to trust in specific news brands than any other factor. In all 26 countries, trust in news organizations was the most important driver of overall trust, and was significantly more important than trust in journalists or freedom from undue governmental influence.  This perhaps signals that news audiences are weary of citizen journalism, blogs, and other forms of news that have not been vetted and, therefore, cannot be readily screened for bias.<br /><br /> However, an important point, often made by participants in the follow-up focus groups, was that trust in news brands takes a long time to build. Some news brands – typically those that have been around a long time – are often seen as main sources of news, and new outlets, even if they have a large reach, are considered secondary sources.<br /><br /><a href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/trustnewsgraph2.jpg" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><img alt="" height="590" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/trustnewsgraph2.jpg" title="Reuters Digital News Report 2016, pg. 25" width="867" /></a><br />  </p> </div></div></div> Wed, 21 Sep 2016 17:15:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7520 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Media (R)evolutions: Film industry will grow in coming years- mostly in Asia Pacific https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/media-revolutions-film-industry-will-grow-coming-years-mostly-asia-pacific <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><h4> New developments and curiosities from a changing global media landscape: People, Spaces, Deliberation brings trends and events to your attention that illustrate that tomorrow's media environment will look very different from today's, and will have little resemblance to yesterday's.</h4> <p> The film industry will see a great deal of movement and huge shifts in audiences over the next five years, but will be strong overall. Much of the growth will be attributable to a 12% growth rate in the Asia Pacific region.  Predominant areas of growth will include box office revenue, electronic home entertainment, event cinema, and local-language production throughout the world.  Video game adaptations are also growing rapidly. <a href="https://www.marketwatch.com/story/chinas-appetite-for-hollywood-films-is-shaking-up-the-motion-picture-industry-2016-06-29" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">For example,</a> Universal Pictures released “Warcraft” in the U.S. on June 10, garnering dismal reviews and only $45.9 million at the box office since then, while in China the film made $65.1 million in its opening weekend and a total of $ $219.7 million by the end of June, where it was supported by an elaborate marketing campaign. Thanks to these robust Chinese earnings and another $412.6 million world-wide it became the highest grossing film adaptation of a videogame ever.<br /><br /> This graph shows strong growth across the film industry, according to PricewaterhouseCoopers' annual <a href="https://www.pwc.com/us/en/industry/entertainment-media/publications/global-entertainment-media-outlook/cinema.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Global Entertainment and Media Outlook</a> and reported in <a href="https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/hollywoods-good-news-bad-news-900242" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">The Hollywood Reporter</a>.</p> <p> <img alt="" height="484" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/thr-biz-pwc-boxoffice.jpg" title="PwC Global Entertainment and Media Outlook" width="800" /><br /></div></div></div> Wed, 10 Aug 2016 17:10:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7483 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Media research and boring questions: What do global surveys miss? https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/media-research-and-boring-questions-what-do-global-surveys-miss <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" height="240" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/9799615215_06e90128bf_z.jpg" style="float:left" title=" Graham Holliday" width="320" />In the past decade, much effort and attention has gone into media (including traditional types and digital technologies) research because the media are considered pivotal for social change and fundamental to human rights. Although several approaches exist to conduct media research; many researchers and policy makers use findings from publicly available survey data to conduct analyses, evaluate and make predictions. This data is often generated by large national or global (often wave-based) surveys that use random sampling techniques to interview respondents.<br /><br /> Given that the media and its effects generate so much interest, you would think that interesting and thought-provoking questions would be asked on media usage and user perceptions in these surveys. Surprisingly, that is not the case. Questions that tap into versatility, scope, ideas, usage and media perceptions in global survey research are quite uncommon. Interestingly, many surveys actually only incorporate items regarding media sources and usage frequencies alone.<br /><br /> Consider two primary sources of global attitudes and values research involving several countries: World Values Survey (WVS) and Afrobarometer.</p> </div></div></div> Thu, 14 Jul 2016 16:46:00 +0000 Sonia Jawaid Shaikh 7460 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly wire: The global forum https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-259 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div> <div> <div> <div> <div> <div> <div> <div> <div> <h4> <img alt="World of News" height="179" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Weekly%20Wire%20Photo_1.jpeg" style="padding:2px; border:1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204); border-image:none; vertical-align:bottom; max-width:none; float:right" title=" Flickr user fdecomit" width="180" />These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.</h4> <p> <a href="https://www.slate.com/blogs/moneybox/2016/04/14/universal_basic_income_this_nonprofit_is_about_to_test_it_in_a_big_way.html" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><strong>What If We Just Gave Poor People a Basic Income for Life? That’s What We’re About to Test.</strong></a><br /> Slate<br /> Over the past decade, interest has grown in an ostensibly unorthodox approach for helping people who don’t have much money: just give them more of it, no strings attached. In the old days of policymaking by aphorism—give a man a fish, feed him for a day!—simply handing money to the poor was considered an obviously bad idea. How naïve—you can’t just give people money. They’ll stop trying! They’ll just get drunk! The underlying assumption was that the poor weren’t good at making decisions for themselves: Experts had to make the decisions for them. As it turns out, that assumption was wrong. Across many contexts and continents, experimental tests show that the poor don’t stop trying when they are given money, and they don’t get drunk. Instead, they make productive use of the funds, feeding their families, sending their children to school, and investing in businesses and their own futures.</p> <p> <strong><a href="https://www.cima.ned.org/publication/media-as-aid-in-humanitarian-crises/?utm_source=DMM+04%2F22%2F16&amp;utm_campaign=DMM+12-18&amp;utm_medium=email" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Media as a Form of Aid in Humanitarian Crises</a></strong><br /> Center for International Media Assistance<br /> As the humanitarian crises following the Arab spring enter their sixth year, the media coverage of war, displacement, and migration in the Middle East and North Africa tragically have become all too familiar. For mainstream media, the millions of people whose lives have been upended are mostly data points, illustrations of the misery and upheaval that have swept across Syria, Yemen, Gaza, Iraq, and many places between. Yet for those who are caught in the crises, and plagued not only by insecurity and uncertainty but a lack of information, relatively little is available to help them make informed decisions for their own survival.&nbsp; CIMA’s report, Media as a Form of Aid in Humanitarian Crises, examines how humanitarian crises around the world have led to a major change in the priorities and approaches in media development efforts.&nbsp;<br /> &nbsp;</div></div></div> Thu, 05 May 2016 14:27:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7391 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Tackling cholera through radio in Kenya https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/tackling-cholera-through-radio-kenya <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div> <h4> <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/bbcmediaaction/authors/14e5851f-4c13-41bc-a712-0b39a8111293" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">David Njuguna</a>, a mentor for BBC Media Action Kenya, looks at how a volunteer-run local radio station is helping prevent cholera in Kenya.</h4> <figure class="image" style="float:left"><img alt="Kamadi, presenter at Mtaani Radio in Nairobi, Kenya" height="157" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/kamadi.jpg" title="" width="280" /><figcaption><em>Kamadi, presenter at Mtaani Radio in<br /> Nairobi, Kenya</em></figcaption></figure><p> Last year Kenya was facing a devastating cholera outbreak. It started in the capital, Nairobi and by June 2015, a total of 4,937 cases and 97 deaths had been reported nationally.</p> <p> According to public health officials, the spread of cholera in Nairobi particularly affected people living in slums. Frequent bursting of sewer lines, poor sanitation facilities and heavy rains played a major role in the outbreak. Poor hygiene practices – such as not washing hands before eating or preparing food – also contributed to the spread of disease. The outbreak eventually petered out, but the environment and practices that contributed to the spread of cholera continue to pose a threat.</p> <p> In a quiet courtyard, away from the hustle and bustle of Nairobi’s Kawangware slum, a community radio station was planning a response.</p> </div> <div> <p> <strong>Local radio</strong></p> <p> Mtaani Radio, run by a team of volunteers, was a hive of activity when I walked into their studio last week. They were recording content for ‘WASH Wednesdays’, a show looking at ways listeners can improve their health and hygiene. The show, reaching over 100,000 people in the Kawangware community, was just about to start.</div></div></div> Wed, 27 Apr 2016 19:12:00 +0000 BBC Media Action 7383 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere How do media tell us whom to blame for social problems? https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/how-do-media-tell-us-whom-blame-social-problems <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" height="175" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/6822714139_5c497cedee_z.jpg" style="float:left" title=" Fran Urbano" width="280" />Let’s consider these questions…<br /> Should the poor be blamed for their poverty?<br /> Should the government or citizens be responsible for the cost of health care?<br /> Shall we expect only developed countries to deal with climate change?<br />  <br /> Before you start searching for your own answers, the media, believe it or not, have already planted theirs in your mind.<br />  <br /> News media set the public agenda every day by telling us what is important to know and how to think about it. When it comes to global challenges such as poverty, climate change, and the refugee crisis, the media often play a decisive role in defining both the problem and responsibility. Attribution of responsibility in media reporting should not be underestimated, as it suggests the source of problems and who should fix them, shapes the public discourse and opinions about issues, and subsequently influences local and global policy approaches to public concerns.</p> </div></div></div> Thu, 07 Apr 2016 17:12:00 +0000 Jing Guo 7364 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Does “Rational Ignorance” make working on transparency and accountability a waste of time? https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/does-rational-ignorance-make-working-transparency-and-accountability-waste-time <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <em><img alt="" height="150" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/paul-obrien-150x150.jpg" style="float:right" title="Paul O'Brien" width="150" />Guest post from <a href="https://www.oxfamamerica.org/people/paul-o-brien/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Paul O’Brien</a>, Vice President for Policy and Campaigns, Oxfam America (gosh, they do have august sounding job titles, don’t they?)</em></p> <p> As the poorest half of the planet sees that <a href="https://www.oxfamamerica.org/static/media/files/bp210-economy-one-percent-tax-havens-180116-en_0.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">just 62 people</a> have more wealth than all of them, collective frustration at <a href="https://www.oxfamamerica.org/static/media/files/bp210-economy-one-percent-tax-havens-180116-en_0.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">extreme inequality</a> is increasing.  To rebalance power and wealth, many in our community are turning to transparency, accountability, participation and inclusion.  Interrogate that “<a href="https://carnegieendowment.org/files/new_development_consensus.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">development consensus</a>,” however, and opinions are fractured over the benefits and costs of transferring power from the haves to the have-nots.</p> <p> <a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/intersectionconsulting/7537238368/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><img alt="Social Media Information Overload" height="255" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/7537238368_a0bf8fa717_z.jpg" style="float:left" title=" Mark Smiciklas" width="280" /></a>In truth, our theories of change often diverge.  Most development organizations may agree on the need to advocate for more Investment, Innovation, Information, strong Institutions and Incentives, but some organizations are genuinely committed to only one of those “I’s”, and that can be problematic:  Oxfam often finds itself choosing and moving between the relentless positivity of politically benign theories of change (e.g. we just need more “investment” or “innovation”), the moderation of those who focus exclusively on transparent “information” with no clear pathway to ensure its political relevance, and the relentless negativity of activists that think the only way to transform “institutions” or realign the “incentives” of elites is to beat them up in public.</p> <p> Oxfam’s challenge is to be both explicit in our theory of change and show sophistication and dexterity in working across that spectrum.  If Oxfam’s <a href="https://www.oxfam.org/en/countries/oxfam-strategic-plan-2013-2019-power-people-against-poverty" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">theory of change</a> is based on <em>a citizen-centered approach to tackling global systemic challenges</em> like extreme inequality, then our opportunity may be engaging the “<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rational_ignorance" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">rational ignorance</a>” of citizens and consumers.<br />  </p> </div></div></div> Mon, 28 Mar 2016 18:25:00 +0000 Duncan Green 7351 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Conflict of interest: Global internet privacy trends https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/conflict-interest-global-internet-privacy-trends <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">The internet, and <a href="https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2016/02/22/key-takeaways-global-tech/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">mobile internet </a>in particular, continue to expand across the developed and developing world – on a scale which is too large and diffuse to control. While this brings greater connectivity to large masses of people, it also has serious implications for the security and privacy of personal data.<br />  <br /> Companies increasingly use cloud based services and operate across national boundaries, with servers in multiple national jurisdictions. This is because users want to be able to access their data from any device, which effectively requires data and applications to be housed on a cloud-based server. The rise of mobile devices has further exacerbated consumer demand for <a href="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/media-revolutions-cloud-and-connectivity-revolution" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">cloud connectivity</a>.  Moreover, privacy laws vary significantly across different national jurisdictions; global companies often receive information in one country and then process it in a different country with a different regulatory framework. Thus, in a globalized world it becomes ever more challenging to ensure standards of privacy are upheld.<br />  <br /> Concurrently, national governments seek to obtain and exploit the personal information stored on servers and personal devices for purposes of national security. At times, <a href="https://www.theverge.com/2016/2/25/11114096/microsoft-supports-apple-fbi-iphone-encryption-case" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">they compel companies to release personal data</a>. It’s also interesting—and perhaps frightening— that <a href="https://thenewstack.io/six-of-the-best-open-source-data-mining-tools/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">open source intelligence statistical techniques</a> are able to collect, correlate and triangulate data to identify previously anonymous information.<br /><br /> Claire Connelly, a journalist specialising in privacy and technology, from Sydney, Australia outlines some of the key global trends she sees unfolding around the world.<br />  <div class="asset-wrapper asset aid-239 asset-video"> <strong > Conflict of interest: Global Internet Privacy Trends </strong> <div class="content"> <div class="field field-name-field-asset-video-file field-type-emvideo field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><object type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="640" height="360" data="//www.youtube.com/v/N6PLWWDC41A"> <param name="movie" value="//www.youtube.com/v/N6PLWWDC41A" /> <param name="wmode" value="transparent" /> <param name="allowFullScreen" value="true" /> </object> </div></div></div></div> </div><br /></div></div></div> Thu, 25 Feb 2016 19:58:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7320 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Learning the lessons of land protection from Africa’s justice advocates https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/learning-lessons-land-protection-africa-s-justice-advocates <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="Looking out onto irrigated fields, Nigeria" height="187" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/7826332218_435f33dd83_z.jpg" style="float:left" title="Photo by Arne Hoel / World Bank" width="280" />Rural communities across Africa face a variety of threats to their customary and indigenous land and natural resource claims. The drivers of these threats are diverse: increasing foreign investment, national elite speculation, rising population densities, climate change, and national infrastructure mega-projects, to name a few.<br />  <br /> The introduction of such external destabilizing influences often sets off a cascade of resulting intra-community challenges. In most communities, the challenges are multiple and overlapping: the divisive tactics of investors may pit community members against one another; state infrastructure development may claim the communal areas communities depend upon for their livelihoods and survival and create intra-community conflicts over scarce resources; elites seeking land may make back-room deals with leaders, undermining community trust of local leaders.<br />  <br /> Land rights advocates and practitioners are frequently called upon to support communities facing such issues. However, when practitioners engage deeply with these communities, it often becomes clear that a multiplicity of factors and trends have weakened the communities’ ability to respond effectively to the conflict or threat – therefore requiring use of a variety of simultaneous strategies to ensure successful outcomes. The threats and trends are often directly and cyclically linked, with negative trends exposing communities to additional threats.</p> </div></div></div> Wed, 10 Feb 2016 20:07:00 +0000 Rachael Knight 7303 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly wire: The global forum https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-245 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div> <div> <div> <div> <div> <div> <h4> <img alt="World of News" height="139" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Weekly%20Wire%20Photo_1.jpeg" style="padding:2px; border:1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204); vertical-align:bottom; max-width:none; float:right" title="" width="140" />These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.</h4> <p> <strong><a href="https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/01/the-fourth-industrial-revolution-what-it-means-and-how-to-respond" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">The Fourth Industrial Revolution: what it means, how to respond</a></strong><br /> World Economic Forum<br /> We stand on the brink of a technological revolution that will fundamentally alter the way we live, work, and relate to one another. In its scale, scope, and complexity, the transformation will be unlike anything humankind has experienced before. We do not yet know just how it will unfold, but one thing is clear: the response to it must be integrated and comprehensive, involving all stakeholders of the global polity, from the public and private sectors to academia and civil society.</p> <p> <strong><a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/mediaaction/publications-and-resources/research/reports/media-discussion-attitudes-fragile-contexts" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Media, discussion and attitudes in fragile contexts</a></strong><br /> BBC Media Action<br /> Drawing primarily on quantitative data from nationally representative surveys collected for BBC Media Action programming in Kenya and Nigeria, the paper develops and tests the hypothesis that balanced and inclusive media-induced discussion can be a positive force in mitigating attitudes associated with conflict. The results reveal a rich but complicated picture.  We find relatively consistent evidence in both countries that our discussion-oriented media programmes are strongly linked to private discussion among family, friends and others. Evidence from Kenya also suggests that exposure to debate-style programming is potentially linked to public political discussion, but that this relationship is likely to be mediated through other variables such as private political discussion. Finally, in both cases, both private and public discussion is strongly associated with individual attitudes towards conflict. However, the relationship is a complex one and bears further examination.<br /></div></div></div> Thu, 28 Jan 2016 15:41:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7290 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere If you see it, you can be it https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/if-you-see-it-you-can-be-it <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><h4> Rosie Parkyn explores the opportunities and challenges online media presents in addressing the gender equality gap.</h4> <p>  <img alt="School girls gathering around a computer " height="158" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/school_girls_gathering_around_a_computer.jpg" style="float:left" title="" width="280" />‘<em>If you see it, you can be it’</em> could have been the unofficial slogan of the International Development Cooperation meeting on<strong> </strong>Gender and Media, where I was invited to talk about the opportunities created by the internet and online media to counter gender stereotyping, or the assignment of particular characteristics and roles according to sex. This is a theme touched on by our <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/mediaaction/publications-and-resources/policy/briefings/policy-girls-media" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Policy Briefing, Making Waves: Media’s Potential for Girls in the Global South</a>.<br /><br /> Much has been said about the need to achieve better visibility for girls and women in the media if gender equality is to be realised. This year’s <a href="https://cdn.agilitycms.com/who-makes-the-news/Imported/reports_2015/highlights/highlights_en.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Global Media Monitoring Project</a> reported that women make up only 24% of people heard, read about or seen in news reporting. That coverage is often characterised by gender bias and extensive stereotyping.<br /><br /> So could the onward expansion of digital spaces fast track the process of ensuring girls and women are seen in a diversity of roles? The short answer is yes of course, it has transformative potential. But there are significant caveats.</p> </div></div></div> Tue, 22 Dec 2015 17:28:00 +0000 Rosie Parkyn 7257 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere A Life Adventured: The migrant/refugee https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/life-adventured-migrantrefugee-0 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><h4> <span>In the current migration and refugee crisis, is scale trumping humanity? </span></h4> <p> <img alt="Refugee crisis in Europe" height="187" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/22094354393_efe9c82e2a_z.jpg" style="float:left" title="" width="280" />Something about the way the story of the ongoing epic migration and refugee crisis is being told perturbs. Scale trumps humanity. Overwhelmingly, the focus is on the sheer girth and amplitude of the crisis. Mind-numbing statistics tumble from the mouth of broadcasters, and the cameras pan over and around scenes of multitudes on the move almost the same way that documentary makers film the flight of sky-darkening flocks of migratory birds or the earthquake mimicking stampede of wild bulls across a great river. The tragedies that occur with saddening frequency are anonymous: another boat sinks in the Mediterranean, hundreds are dead. We don’t see victims; we don’t know them. We see pictures of the flotsam and jetsam, of the foul detritus of failed voyages. And the cameras move on.<br /><br /> Until the <a href="https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/turkish-police-officer-carries-a-migrant-childs-dead-body-news-photo/486226814" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">picture of the lifeless body of little Aylan Kurdi</a> on a Turkish beach turns up and the world is stunned and horrified. For instance, <a href="https://cnnpressroom.blogs.cnn.com/2015/10/04/fareed-zakaria-gps-renzi-clinton-soros-on-europes-refugee-economic-woes/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Prime Minister Matteo Renzi of Italy recently told Fareed Zakaria of CNN </a>that that picture transformed policymaking in parts of Europe from indifferent to totally engaged. That, I would argue, is because that picture foregrounded a powerful truth.<br /><br /> What is this truth? It is this: while this migration and refugee crisis might be on a biblical scale, it is still about discrete, distinct, singular human lives. Each one of these people on the move is an individual, a bundle of consciousness, a brain, emotions, feelings, deep needs and aspirations, parents, families, friends, the whole nine yards. Above all, the truth is that each one of these individuals has chanced, gambled her life. In other words, each life caught up in this crisis is a life adventured. And when a human life is adventured a tragic ending is often the result.</p> </div></div></div> Wed, 09 Dec 2015 17:57:00 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 7240 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere