asylum en What kind of evidence might persuade people to change their minds on refugees? <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> Oxfam Humanitarian Policy Adviser <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Ed Cairns</a> reflects on using evidence to influence the treatment of refugees.<br /><br /> Who thinks that governments decide what to do on refugees after carefully considering the evidence? Not many, I suspect. So it was an interesting to be asked to talk about that at the  <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">‘Evidence for Influencing’</a>conference <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Duncan wrote about</a> last week.<br /><br /> When I think what influences refugee policy, I’m reminded of a meeting I had in Whitehall on Friday 4 September, two days after the three-year-old Syrian boy,<span> </span><span><a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><span>Alan Kurdi</span></a></span><span>, </span>had drowned.  Oxfam and other NGOs had been invited in to talk about refugees. The UK officials found out what their policy was by watching Prime Minister David Cameron on their phones, as he <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">overturned the UK’s refusal to resettle thousands of Syrians</a> in a press conference in Lisbon.  Even then, he and his officials refused to promise how many Syrians would be allowed. By Monday, that line had crumbled as well, and a promise of 20,000 by 2020 was announced.<br /><br /> The evidence of course had shown that children and other refugees had been tragically drowning in the Mediterranean for months. But it was the sheer human emotion, the public interest, and no doubt Cameron’s own compassion that made the change. Evidence and the evidence-informed discussion between officials and NGOs had nothing to do with it. More important was that a single image of a drowned boy spread to 20 million screens within 12 hours as #refugeeswelcome began trending worldwide. As <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">research by the Visual Social Media Lab</a> at the University of Sheffield set out, “a single image transformed the debate”.</p> <div> <a href="" title="Cairns 2" rel="nofollow"><img alt="Cairns 2" height="262" src="" title="" width="647" /></a></div> <p> <br /> Two years later, a new <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Observatory of Public Attitudes to Migration</a> has just been launched by the Florence-based <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Migration Policy Centre</a>and its partners, including IPSOS Mori in the UK.  It aims to be the ‘go-to centre for researchers and practitioners’, and has sobering news for anyone who thinks that evidence has a huge influence on this issue.  Anti-migrant views, it shows, are far more driven by the values of tradition, conformity and security, and within the UK in particular, according to an <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">IPSOS Mori study</a>, by a distrust of experts, alongside suspicion of diversity, human rights and “political correctness”.</p> </div></div></div> Tue, 21 Nov 2017 19:59:00 +0000 Duncan Green 7761 at