Ghana https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/taxonomy/term/82/all en Editorial decisions, economic decisions: The funders’ role in West African media https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/editorial-decisions-economic-decisions-funders-role-west-african-media <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" height="213" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/nonso1_halftone.jpg" style="float:right" title=" Reboot" width="320" />While independent journalists are bastions in support of good government, “independence” is not always an available choice. In Nigeria, for example, in a highly competitive job market that underpays and has little respect for journalists, many sway their coverage according to explicit and implicit political pressures and are sometimes expected to take bribes. One member of the media explained it this way:   <br />  <br /> “If there’s a cholera outbreak from contaminated water sources and the Ministry of Water Resources is doing an event, reporters will cover the event and not bother about the cholera outbreak itself. This is not because they don’t care; [editorial choices] have mostly become economic decisions. The Ministry will pay for the event to be covered, that is how the system works. You aren’t supposed to pay for news but you can pay to make news.”<br />  <br /> In a media landscape like this one, where economic and editorial decisions are in conflict, international donors can provide vital financial support to independent media organizations, empowering them to hold governments accountable. But as my team at Reboot detailed in <a href="https://westafricamedia.reboot.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">a report</a> published this summer, providing strategic support requires a holistic approach, beyond program funding.    <br />  <br /><img alt="" height="288" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/editorialdecisionsgraphic.png" style="float:left" title=" Reboot" width="280" />Because of its flourishing media ecosystem, Nigeria is a powerful regional case study for how funders might take such an approach. Even though Nigeria formally ended state-owned media monopolies when it deregulated broadcasting in 1992, the government maintains informal control of the news through political patronage, corrupt practices, and direct threats and violence. This is true both at the federal level as well as subnational; state and local governments, to varying degrees, use these tools to bend media coverage.<br />  <br /> Examples can be found across West Africa, such as in Ghana, where we learned that the practice of purchasing coverage is so widespread it has entered common parlance under the word “soli,” or solidarity money. In this landscape, independent media struggles to be truly independent.  <br />  <br /> Nevertheless, the rise of the digital age is democratizing coverage control in West Africa. Citizens are breaking news and analyzing stories through social media. Their voices are transforming media—upending the traditional media models and inspiring new ones—and demanding that media uncover corruption and hold leaders accountable. This citizen-powered media landscape has in turn pushed the government to become more responsive to public discourse, potentially driving more citizen engagement.</p> </div></div></div> Mon, 31 Oct 2016 19:54:00 +0000 Nonso Jideofor 7550 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Rethinking Social Accountability in Africa https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/rethinking-social-accountability-africa <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Mwanachi_0.jpg" style="float:left; height:213px; width:320px" />Mwanachi, a Swahili word that means ordinary citizen, is the name of a governance and transparency program that was funded by the UK’s Department for International Development for five years in six African countries: Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Sierra Leonne, Uganda, and Zambia. This program is the focus of a new report entitled <a href="https://www.odi.org.uk/publications/7669-mwananchi-social-accountability-africa" rel="nofollow">Rethinking Social Accountability in Africa</a> by <a href="https://www.odi.org.uk/about/staff/153-fletcher-tembo" rel="nofollow">Fletcher Tembo</a>, who served as Director of the Mwanachi program since its launch in 2008. The report acknowledges the important role of several actors in in strengthening citizen demand for good governance, including civil society, media, elected representatives, and traditional leaders. At the same time, it challenges common notions of effective citizen-state relations that focus on a preoccupation with actors and actor categories. Instead, it argues that effective social accountability programs should focus on relationships and contextual realties that are driven by 'interlocution processes.' In other words, processes that address the complex web of incentives and actions through actors that are selected for their game changing abilities.</p> </div></div></div> Thu, 17 Oct 2013 18:07:00 +0000 Uwimana Basaninyenzi 6500 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Provocative Voices: Profiles in Blogging https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/provocative-voices-profiles-blogging <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Blogger%20Photo_0.jpg" style="float:left; height:212px; width:320px" /><!--StartFragment --> Inspired. That's how I felt after reading <a href="https://cima.ned.org/publications/profiles-blogging-how-bloggers-around-world-practice-their-craft" rel="nofollow">Profiles in Blogging</a>, a new report published by the <a href="https://cima.ned.org/publications/profiles-blogging-how-bloggers-around-world-practice-their-craft" rel="nofollow">Center for International Media Assistance</a> that examines how bloggers around the world practice their craft. <a href="https://www.cceditorial.com/aboutus.html" rel="nofollow">Christopher Connell</a>, an independent writer, editor, and photographer who was also former bureau chief for the Associated Press in Washington, provides a window into the experience of eight bloggers from Nepal, Saudi Arabia, Cambodia, Ghana, Yemen, Philippines, China, and Cuba. He provides an interesting narrative about each blogger, noting their important role in filling information gaps and their evolution into influential bloggers. He also examines how these bloggers find their audiences, the obstacles they face in practicing their craft, and, most inspiring (as least in my view), what motivates them.</p> </div></div></div> Thu, 05 Sep 2013 22:12:00 +0000 Uwimana Basaninyenzi 6460 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly Wire: the Global Forum https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-61 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><P><IMG height=120 alt="" hspace=0 src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/medium_weekly_wire_photo_3.jpeg" width=120 align=left border=0>These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.</P> <P><STRONG>Frontline SMS<BR></STRONG><A href="https://www.frontlinesms.com/2012/03/01/new-resource-using-sms-as-an-effective-behavior-change-campaigning-tool/" target=_blank>New Resource: Using SMS as an Effective Behavior Change Campaigning Tool</A></P> <P>“Behavior change campaigning is inherently interactive. In order to encourage positive behavior change it is important to not only push campaign messages out to people, but to listen to the responses. To run a campaign which has a real impact, you need to listen to ensure you’re being heard. This is one of the main reasons why SMS – as a widely accessible and inherently interactive communications channel&nbsp; – is an ideal tool for campaigning.</P> <P>This is the topic explored in a new resource which FrontlineSMS is releasing with Text to Change today; best practices when using SMS as a behavior change campaigning tool. This resource has been put together collaboratively to provide an introductory guide, suggesting some key points which can usefully be considered if you are planning to use SMS as a campaign tool. The resource is by no means exhaustive, but it outlines some key considerations which can hopefully serve to help guide discussions around best practices in SMS campaigning.” <A href="https://www.frontlinesms.com/2012/03/01/new-resource-using-sms-as-an-effective-behavior-change-campaigning-tool/" target=_blank>READ MORE</A></P> <P></div></div></div> Thu, 29 Mar 2012 14:43:40 +0000 Kalliope Kokolis 5944 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly Wire: the Global Forum https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-16 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><P><IMG alt="" hspace=0 src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/files/publicsphere/2183144613_51456feb78_m.jpeg" width=140 align=left border=0 heig="139"></P> <P>These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.</P> <P><STRONG>Global Voices Advocacy <BR></STRONG><A href="https://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2011/05/09/nepal-facebooking-revolt-and-censorship/" target=_blank>Nepal: Facebooking Revolt and Censorship</A></P> <P>"Arab spring has brought&nbsp; winds of change into Nepal. On Saturday, May 7, group of young people gathered near Maitighar area of capital Kathmandu demanding speedy resolution to the current deadlocke caused by delay in formulating new constitution. Inspired by a Facebook page Show up, Stand up, Speak up, they conducted peaceful protest and caused quite a stir among local media and politicians not used to citizen media inspired direct activism.</P> <P>As this bold step by the youth gathered attention, some are criticizing it as a cosmetic move and elite activism which has failed to connect with the mass. “Facebook revolution” is also being called an elaborate hoax." <A href="https://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org/2011/05/09/nepal-facebooking-revolt-and-censorship/" target=_blank>READ MORE </A></P> <P><STRONG>Media Cloud<BR></STRONG><A href="https://www.mediacloud.org/blog/2011/05/06/media-cloud-relaunched/" target=_blank>Media Cloud, relaunched </A></P> <P>"Today, the Berkman Center is relaunching Media Cloud, a platform designed to let scholars, journalists and anyone interested in the world of media ask and answer quantitative questions about media attention. For more than a year, we’ve been collecting roughly 50,000 English-language stories a day from 17,000 media sources, including major mainstream media outlets, left and right-leaning American political blogs, as well as from 1000 popular general interest blogs. (For much more about what Media Cloud does and how it does it, please see this post on the system from our lead architect, Hal Roberts.)</P> <P>We’ve used what we’ve discovered from this data to analyze the differences in coverage of international crises in professional and citizen media and to study the rapid shifts in media attention that have accompanied the flood of breaking news that’s characterized early 2011. In the next weeks, we’ll be publishing some new research that uses Media Cloud to help us understand the structure of professional and citizen media in Russia and in Egypt." <A href="https://www.mediacloud.org/blog/2011/05/06/media-cloud-relaunched/" target=_blank>READ MORE</A> </div></div></div> Thu, 12 May 2011 13:43:51 +0000 Kalliope Kokolis 5730 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly Wire: the Global Forum https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-10 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p><img alt="" hspace="0" width="140" align="left" border="0" heig="139" src="/files/publicsphere/2183144613_51456feb78_m.jpeg" /></p> <p>These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.</p> <p><strong>The Guardian <br /> </strong><a target="_blank" href="https://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2011/mar/29/future-development-goodbye-aid-mdgs">The future of development: Goodbye aid and MDGs, hello global goods and well being</a></p> <p>&quot;The future of development. What a title. It's fraught with hostages to fortune, bear traps and day dreams.<br /> I pick 2030 as &quot;the future&quot;. Partly because, 15 years after the first set of millennium development goal (MDG) targets I expect poverty (percent and numbers) in Asia to be much lower, and in Africa I expect the decline to be strong too. But partly because it is far enough away to think a bit more freely.&quot;</p> </div></div></div> Thu, 31 Mar 2011 14:50:40 +0000 Kalliope Kokolis 5693 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Women and ICTs: Different Strokes? https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/women-and-icts-different-strokes <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><P><IMG height=180 alt="" hspace=0 src="https://blogs.worldbank.org/files/publicsphere/3675756515_8678cd9d5f_m.jpeg" width=240 align=left border=0>Mainstreaming a gender perspective is considered essential in assessing the implication of any development program, project or policy on men and women. This holds true of the modern Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) as well, as research studies are showing a significant gap between men and women in their access to and understanding of ICT opportunities.</P> <P></div></div></div> Fri, 18 Mar 2011 15:27:22 +0000 Sabina Panth 5684 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Media’s Role in Civic Education https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/media-s-role-civic-education <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p><img height="185" alt="" hspace="0" width="280" align="left" border="0" src="/files/publicsphere/2628520145_2d1cc7ccb2.jpeg" />In an article last week in the <a target="_blank" href="https://allafrica.com/stories/201004220388.html">Ghanaian Chronicle</a>, two parliamentarians called upon the media to educate the public on parliament&rsquo;s role and procedures. This plea sounded very familiar after hearing similar statements from Ghanaian politicians interviewed last summer as part of the <a target="_blank" href="https://www.audiencescapes.org/">AudienceScapes</a> project. Several of the policymakers complained that part of the challenge of communicating about development issues with the public is how little people understand the structure or responsibilities of the various government agencies working on key policy issues like health, education, agriculture, or trade. As one Ghanaian policymaker lamented, very few people know about key elements of the policy process including the decision-making process, budgeting, and actual government activities.</p> </div></div></div> Mon, 03 May 2010 18:45:24 +0000 Hannah Bowen 5427 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere FOI: Through the Looking Glass https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/foi-through-looking-glass <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p><img height="222" alt="" hspace="0" width="180" align="left" border="0" src="/files/publicsphere/3441294175_50acd51b31.jpeg" />I was passing through Accra recently and while walking through the lobby of the hotel was stopped by a poster for a regional conference on Freedom of Information and at the same time ran into several colleagues and old friends. It was an interesting exercise to be very aware of an issue and personalities but be on the outside looking. <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cartercenter.org/peace/americas/ati_conference/2010/index.html">The conference</a> was well attended, drawn by the start power of former US president <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cartercenter.org/news/experts/jimmy_carter.html">Jimmy Carter</a>, his center and high level activist and political figures from Africa. The <a target="_blank" href="https://www.cartercenter.org/homepage.html">Carter Center</a> which has been at the forefront of this work is able to draw attention to and raise the profile of the issue in West Africa.<br /> &nbsp;</p> <p>But what did it all mean to local people? When I asked Ghanaians working or staying at the hotel about the conference, there was very high recognition but mostly it was linked to former President Carter. But the issue drew little recognition or excitement. Ghana did announce that after years of languishing on the books an FOI bill would be introduced into Parliament. But to the people outside of the conference this would have little impact on their daily lives. Their worries were much more about food, shelter, safety, schooling and the actions of the government in power on their lives.&nbsp;<br /> &nbsp;</p> </div></div></div> Mon, 19 Apr 2010 19:33:27 +0000 Paul Mitchell 5411 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Quote of the Week https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/quote-week-30 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p><em><img height="229" alt="" hspace="0" width="180" align="left" border="0" src="/files/publicsphere/obama.jpeg" />&quot;... we must first recognize a fundamental truth that you have given life to in Ghana: development depends upon good governance. That is the ingredient which has been missing in far too many places, for far too long. That is the change that can unlock Africa's potential. And that is a responsibility that can only be met by Africans. ... In the 21st century, capable, reliable and transparent institutions are the key to success &mdash; strong parliaments and honest police forces; independent judges and journalists; a vibrant private sector and civil society. Those are the things that give life to democracy, because that is what matters in peoples' lives. ... Africa doesn't need strongmen, it needs strong institutions.&quot;</em><br /> &nbsp;</p> <p class="rteright">- <a target="_blank" href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/president_obama/">Barack Obama</a></p> <p class="rteright">President of the United States</p> <p class="rteright">in a <a target="_blank" href="https://www.whitehouse.gov/the_press_office/Remarks-by-the-President-to-the-Ghanaian-Parliament/">speech to the Ghanaian Parliament </a>in Accra, Ghana, on July 11, 2009</p> </div></div></div> Mon, 13 Jul 2009 15:36:54 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 5218 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere The Mass Media and Ghana's Success https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/mass-media-and-ghanas-success <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p><img class="" height="199" alt="" hspace="0" width="280" align="left" border="0" src="/files/publicsphere/image/3059355950_7f1b9f2b87.jpg" />As you must know, Ghana has just had a remarkable transfer of power from one party to another in spite of how close the contest was. A new president has been sworn in and the country is looking to the future as a stable democracy. From the perspective of this blog, two things have been striking.</p> <p>First, the global news media have been all over the story. All the leading journals of opinion have published stories and opinion pieces saluting Ghana's achievement. It is also interesting how often the stories have been framed as one hopeful sign of progress coming out of Africa. You can feel the collective sigh of relief . And the reason that is interesting is that there is still a debate out there regarding the extent to which liberal constitutional democracy is a universal form of rule, not dependent on specific cultures. Ghana is saying Africans too can build a democratic political culture as well as anybody.</p> <p></div></div></div> Mon, 19 Jan 2009 15:20:18 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 5057 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere The Politics of Non-Transparent Aid Flows https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/politics-non-transparent-aid-flows <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p><img class="" height="210" alt="" hspace="0" width="280" align="left" border="0" src="/files/publicsphere/image/2229878919_59421ee95f.jpg" />My attention has been tickled by the news that at the recent <a target="_blank" href="https://www.accrahlf.net/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/ACCRAEXT/0,,menuPK:64861886~pagePK:4705384~piPK:4705403~theSitePK:4700791,00.html">High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Accra, Ghana</a>, donors apparently agreed to launch an initiative known as the International Aid Transparency Initiative. Under the initiative, according to the DFID <a target="_blank" href="https://www.dfid.gov.uk/news/files/publicsphere/pressreleases/aid-transparency-intiative.asp">press release</a> on the subject, donors have agreed to give:</p> <p>- Full and detailed information on all aid in each country affected <br /> - Details and costs of individual projects and their aims <br /> - Reliable information on future aid to improve planning by recipient governments.</p> <p>I hope the initiative will be seriously implemented. But it will not be easy. And the main reason it will not be easy is that the instinct of the technocracy that dominates every aspect of international development is to be non-transparent.</div></div></div> Thu, 25 Sep 2008 11:56:12 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 5096 at https://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere