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Poverty and Equity Briefs

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The Poverty and Equity Briefs (PEBs) highlight poverty, shared prosperity and inequality trends for over 100 developing countries. The briefs are released twice a year for the Spring and Annual Meetings of the World Bank Group and International Monetary Fund. The Briefs help users understand a country’s poverty and inequality context at-a-glance and seek to keep poverty reduction on top of the world’s agenda.

Each PEB consists of a two-page country summary that provides an overview of recent developments in poverty reduction, along with the latest data of key development indicators. These indicators include:

  • Poverty rates and total number of poor as measured by the national poverty line and for the international extreme poverty line ($1.90 in 2011 PPP terms), as well as the lower ($3.20) and upper-middle-income ($5.50) poverty lines.
  • Comparable poverty and inequality trends for apples-to-apples comparisons over time and across countries.
  • Shared prosperity, defined as the average annual growth in income or consumption of the poorest 40 percent of the population (the bottom 40) within each country.
  • Multidimensional poverty measure, including measures of poverty that also reflect non-monetary deprivations that poor people face in areas like education and access to basic services.
  • Inequality as measured by the Gini Index and the Shared Prosperity Premium (the difference between the annual income growth of the bottom 40 percent and the average income growth of a country).
  • Median income growth, measuring growth in the well-being of the “typical person” (person in the middle of the income distribution).

Recognizing the devastating impact that COVID-19 will have on the world’s poor, the Fall 2020 PEBs include a brief analysis section on how the pandemic could affect poverty reduction efforts around the world.

You can access Poverty and Equity Briefs by clicking on a country from the table below. All PEBs can also be found on country profiles of the Poverty and Equity Data Portal

If you have questions about these PEBs, please contact us at povbrief@worldbank.org.