Scaling private sector participation to build better roads in Brazil
The state of São Paulo—responsible for a third of Brazil’s GDP—has always been in the forefront in creating innovative road PPPs. Since 1998, its 7,200 kilometers of privately managed roads have helped reduce accidents by 12%, traffic-related deaths by 18%, and injuries by 21%. They say necessity is the mother of invention, so when a ...
Brazil : The Industry Structure of Banking Services - World Bank
The Brazilian financial system is the largest and most sophisticated in Latin America. This study is organized into five sections after the introduction, in line with the main analytical building blocks, and complemented by appendices that describe methodological aspects in more detail.
Falling inequality: A Brazilian whodunnit - World Bank Blogs
1 Long one of the world’s most unequal countries, Brazil surprised pundits by recording a massive reduction in household income inequality in the last couple of decades. Between 1995 and 2012, the country’s Gini coefficient for household incomes fell by seven points, from 0.59 to 0.52.
COVID-19, Labor Market Shocks, Poverty in Brazil : A Microsimulation ...
The analysis, using a microsimulation model which incorporates subnational shocks from a computable general equilibrium growth model, shows that over 30 million workers in Brazil may see significant reductions in their labor income in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Two-thirds of these workers are informal workers or own-account workers ...
Energy : Low Carbon Emissions Scenarios in Brazil - World Bank
This report synthesizes the findings for the energy sector of a broader study, the Brazil low carbon study, which was undertaken by the World Bank in its initiative to support Brazil's integrated effort towards reducing national and global emissions of greenhouse gases while promoting long term development.
Nature-Related Financial Risks in Brazil - World Bank
Moreover, 15 percent of Brazilian banks’ corporate loan portfolio is to firms potentially operating in protected areas, which could increase to 25 percent should conservation gaps close, and 38 percent should all priority areas become protected.
Poverty Reduction without Economic Growth? Explaining Brazil's Poverty ...
Brazil's slow pace of poverty reduction over the last two decades reflects both low growth and a low growth elasticity of poverty reduction. Using GDP data disaggregated by state and sector for a twenty-year period, this paper finds considerable variation in the poverty-reducing effectiveness of growth-across sectors, across space, and over time.
On Defining and Measuring the Informal Sector - World Bank
Recent debate on the reasons for the informal sector has led to renewed focus on how to operationalize the measurement of informal employment. This paper investigates congruence between three empirical measures of the rate of informality using Brazilian household survey data for the period 1992-2004.
Brazil Low Carbon Case Study : Transport - World Bank
The study covers four key areas with potential low carbon options: 1) Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF), including deforestation, 2) transport systems, 3) production and use of energy, particularly electricity, oil, gas and bio fuels, and 4) municipal waste, solids and liquids.
Brazil : The Industry Structure of Banking Services
Understanding the industry structure of banking services in Brazil is an important task both for the financial community at large and for country specialists. The Brazilian financ