The High Density of Brazilian Production Chains - World Bank Blogs
The Brazilian economy has remained on the fringes of this production revolution, maintaining a very high density of local supply chains. This article calls attention to the rising opportunity costs incurred by such option taken by the country. Moving Tectonic Plates under the Global Economic Geography. In recent decades, international trade has ...
Protecting the “new poor” during Brazil’s economic crisis
Brazil is in the midst of a deep recession, beginning in late 2015, with the economy contracting 3.5 percent in 2016, unemployment surging from 4.3 in December 2014 to 11.9 percent in November 2016, and real wages declining. ... previously working in the service sector, and primarily white. Given the depth and duration of the current economic ...
Environmental conservation, tourism and economic development: an avant ...
For the most part, protected areas in Brazil are managed by the public sector. As a result, like other countries, these areas face conservation difficulties, including a lack of resources for maintenance and other initiatives. Gruta de Maquiné, part of the Peter Lund Cave Route. Photo: Francisco Martins/flickr
Unleashing wastewater’s potential in Brazil - World Bank Blogs
A performance-based contract is being designed to engage the private sector in providing the most cost-effective solution for removing nutrients. This activity would also assist in accomplishing the maximum target of pollution load reaching the Guarapiranga Reservoir, as defined in the water quality law for the reservoir.
How to drive innovation within a public company? - World Bank Blogs
However, innovation within the public sector in Latin American countries, although growing, is not yet the norm . Take for example the experience of the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, where the water and sanitation sector faces complex challenges such as climate change, increased pollution, rapid urbanization, and population growth, among others.
Which sectors have attracted most private investments in infrastructure ...
The energy sector dominated the 2017 PPI investments attracting 56 percent of the total investment and accounted for 203 out of 304 projects. A key reason for this attraction is shorter gestation periods of energy projects coupled with lower construction risk. ... Brazil, Mexico, India, China and Turkey. Transport investments accounted for 39 ...
New World Bank country classifications by income level: 2020-2021
4,060. Sudan. Low income. Lower-middle income. 590. 1,560. National accounts revisions have played a significant role in the upward revision for Benin, Nauru and Tanzania. For Sudan, the GNI series for 2009-2018 has been revised as a result of revisions to the exchange rates.
How to improve the integration of Venezuelan migrants and refugees in ...
On average, female Venezuelans are 75% less likely compared to Brazilian females to be employed in a formal sector job, and male Venezuelans are 65% less likely than Brazilian males to be employed in a formal sector job . Venezuelan migrants and refugees are more likely to work in the hospitality and personal service sector.
How can we measure productivity in the public sector? - World Bank Blogs
Complementing traditional `macro’ measures of public-sector productivity with fine-grained `micro’ measures at the individual employee and organization level. Monitoring and reporting output (performance) measures and inputs (costs) separately. Combining multiple measures of productivity tied closely to a conceptual service-delivery chain.
Evidence That Trade Does Reduce Poverty, But Only If the Conditions Are ...
Our results suggest that trade does tend to reduce poverty, but only in specific settings: in countries where financial sectors are deep, education levels high, and governance strong. This result corresponds to a certain logic. These three dimensions (finance, education, and governance) capture an economy’s ability to reallocate resources ...