In 2020, 2.4 billion people cooked with traditional polluting fuels and technologies worldwide. The associated premature deaths from household air pollution totaled nearly 3.2 million annually, mainly affecting women and children. Nonrenewable wood fuels for cooking accounted for a gigaton of CO2 emissions, and burning residential solid fuels comprised 58 percent of black carbon emissions. The cost of inaction for health, gender, and climate/environment is $2.4 trillion annually.
Without accelerated action, the 2022 Tracking Sustainable Development Goal 7 report estimates 2 billion people will not have access to clean cooking technologies in 2030. Progress requires political commitment, investments, knowledge, and innovation centered on the needs of end-users. Priority must be given to improvements of the overall ecosystem.
The World Bank is tackling the multisector development challenge of clean cooking access by catalyzing action through political prioritization, financing, knowledge creation, and partnerships. The World Bank is mainstreaming clean cooking into energy-access projects at the country and regional level. The World Bank’s Energy Compact presented to the United Nations High-Level Dialogue on Energy in 2021 commits support to providing up to 100 million people with access to clean cooking by 2025. Aligned with this commitment, one of the World Bank’s corporate priorities is to track annual progress in helping people gain access to clean cooking during the International Development Association 20 (IDA20) cycle between July 2022–and June 2025. To further galvanize political commitment and investment, the World Bank established the CCF through the ESMAP in 2019. With a funding target of US$500 million, the aim is to catalyze US$2 billion in public and private investments to help 200 million people gain access to clean cooking.