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Sahel Adaptive Social Protection Program

Climate Shock-Responsive Delivery Systems

Adaptive Social Protection - Climate

Designing climate shock-responsive adaptive social protection programs and delivery systems

This thematic area aims to inform the design and support the delivery of shock-responsive social protection in the six countries. Activities focus on a blend of knowledge products, learning exchanges, and the provision of just-in-time technical assistance to task teams for the design and implementation of shock-responsive safety net activities at the country level. This work is conducted in coordination with the individual country work plans. 

Activities are grouped into four components identified as critical pillars for advancing shock-responsive social protection in each country that stands to benefit from a regional approach to knowledge, learning, and technical assistance:

(1) designing shock-responsive social protection interventions, 

(2) operational “nuts and bolts” of shock-responsive social protection, 

(3) disaster risk financing and insurance strategy for shock-responsive social protection, 

(4) creating evidence of impact of shock-responsive social protection. 

Outlining critical points along the adaptive social protection delivery chain. Policy notes are currently under preparation that will outline key elements to consider when designing delivery mechanisms. Existing mechanisms across the Sahel countries will be assessed and recommendations provided, including a roadmap to guide future expansion related to design, delivery systems, and implementation arrangements. The initial note will present an overview and critical design features of social registries in the Sahel; the other note will focus on payment systems. Workshops will be organized to present the findings and facilitate discussion of the next steps in designing a delivery system.

Exchanging ideas on climate early warning systems. A two-day workshop was held in January 2020 in Senegal to exchange ideas and learn about early warning systems (country examples of shock-response cash transfers were shared, early warning system innovations, climate data, and disaster risk financing). It provided an opportunity also to identify work plan gaps. The various SASPP country teams participated, as did Disaster Risk Management and Risk Financing colleagues, donor representatives from the UK’s Foreign, Commonwealth, and Development Office, the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ), and the Red Cross Climate Center and WFP partners. 

Informing the discussion surrounding climate early warning systems in the Sahel. The Cadre Harmonisé (CH) is a critical analytical framework aimed at analyzing and identifying food and nutrition insecure areas and populations across 17 countries in West and Central Africa. The SASPP team undertook a comprehensive global analysis of the CH; presented an overview of shock-responsive social protection under the SASPP, and a description of interactions between the framework and shock-responsive social protection (Sandrine 2020). 

To further inform the climate early warning systems discussion several guidance notes are in the pipeline on topics such as “how to identify and strengthen triggers for response for different types of shocks—including droughts, floods, and health-related shocks.” These will be developed in collaboration with colleagues in agriculture, disaster risk management, and disaster risk financing.

One of the core areas of work under this thematic area is related to disaster risk financing for shock-responsive social protection. 

Increasing awareness of the importance of disaster risk financing to ensure timely responses to shocks. One of the core areas of work under this thematic area is related to disaster risk financing for shock-responsive social protection (in close alignment between the Social Protection, Disaster Risk Management, and Disaster Risk Financing departments at the World Bank). As part of this work, two guidance notes were prepared on disaster risk financing for shock-responsive social protection. In addition, a series of country-level workshops are in the making to increase awareness, present various financing modalities and discuss how to develop a disaster risk financing framework for shock response. 

Creating evidence of the impact of shock-responsive social protection. A stocktaking exercise of the design of shock responsive transfers and existing evaluations was recently initiated. Discussions have been held around the articulation of priority questions on the effectiveness of the optimal design of shock-responsive transfers that evaluations could address. Moreover, an impact evaluation strategy note is in the making. It will outline plans for a regional approach to SASPP impact evaluations, clarifying where feasible to undertake an impact evaluation and delineating details for each country, including proposed methods and approaches along with indicators to be measured and regional aspects to be addressed.

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