In Upper Egypt’s governorate of Assuit, small-scale contractors are rehabilitating houses, schools, rural roads, and youth centers, and local Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and Community Development Associations (CDAs) are carrying out environmental, health, and literacy campaigns. All this has given some unskilled and semi-skilled young people work, in parts of Egypt where the need for jobs is most acute.
The Government of Egypt initiated a national Labor Intensive Works program in 2011 for short-term job creation in poor areas to increase access to income and maintain social stability. The World Bank and the European Union stepped in to support this important nationwide program, implemented by the Social Fund for Development.
The US$200 million World Bank-financed Egypt Emergency Labor Intensive Investment Project (ELIIP) supports two types of labor intensive sub-projects: small-scale local infrastructure public works, including canal cleaning and protection, Nile river protection, rehabilitation of schools, housing, youth centers and rural roads; and community service projects including health promotion, literacy, among other range of community initiatives.
The European Union provided a €67.60 million grant to support Emergency Employment Investment Project (EEIP), administered by the World Bank, which supports community services like promoting health and literacy, and helps connect young job-seekers with jobs in the formal sector or helps them to start or expand their businesses of their own.
This component is implemented by partner NGOs and is expected to help over 3,000 youth in some of the poorest districts in Egypt. In this context, new funding facility was established to competitively select and evaluate promising NGO interventions.