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Cybersecurity and Resilience: Strengthening Critical Infrastructure

April 5, 2022

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  • Cybersecurity is increasingly important when it comes to critical infrastructure such as power plants, electricity grids, communication networks, and cloud systemsPotential vulnerabilities pose substantial risks to the effectiveness and efficiency of such critical infrastructure, and directly impact the functioning of states, economies, and societies.

    The Republic of Korea has experience developing and implementing cyber-resilience for its critical infrastructure. Over the last three decades, Korea has developed comprehensive cybersecurity policies and regulations, as well as developed the resilience of its institutions and built relevant skills to prevent and protect the country’s critical infrastructure from cyberattacks.

    Join the webinar to hear about Korea's current practices and challenges when strengthening cybersecurity capabilities and resilience of critical infrastructure and building trust in the digital society. It will shed light on the following questions:

    • What are the policy options available to developing countries seeking to improve the cybersecurity environment for critical infrastructure? What kind of security guidelines can be placed at the initial phase of establishing cyber capabilities?
    • What tools (e.g., security assessments, evaluation standards, guidelines and certifications) are required to support the cybersecurity environment? How is Korea developing the technical and institutional capabilities within the government to respond to emerging security threats triggered by disruptive technology?
    • What kind of risks are associated with the critical infrastructures in different sectors (electricity, communications, etc.)? What are the operational models and current practices of managing cyber risks in critical infrastructure?
    • Which good practices implemented in Korea can help developing countries effectively manage cyber risks?

    The World Bank Group Korea Office and the World Bank Digital Development Global Practice are hosting this webinar series on harnessing technologies for helping countries accelerate their digital transformation.

  • TIME (KST)


    9:30 – 9:40

    (10 min)



    Kwang-hee Choi, Vice President, Korea Internet & Security Agency (KISA)


    Jason Michael Allford, Special Representative, World Bank Group Korea Office


    9:40 – 10:25

    (45 min)



    Kyudong Kim, Senior Researcher, National Security Research Institute (NSRI)

    Topic: Review of Korea’s journey towards building an effective cybersecurity environment through policies and regulations; National Cybersecurity Strategy

    Hyang jin Lee, Manager, Infrastructure Protection Team, Korea Internet & Security Agency (KISA)

    Topic: technical and institutional capabilities development; instruments and tools for managing cyber-risks; forward-looking research agenda for new cyber-attacks associated with emerging technology

    Myongsoo Kim, Principal Researcher, Digital Solution Lab, Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) Research Institute

    Topic: Cybersecurity in the Electricity sector – with a focus on risk management (prevention and protection) and resilience measures


    10:25 – 10:55

    (30 min)



    Moderator: Mark Williams, Practice Manager, Global Knowledge and EAP region, World Bank


    Rahul Kitchlu, Program Leader – Infrastructure, and Lead Energy Specialist, East Asia Pacific, World Bank


    Anat Lewin, Senior Digital Development Specialist, Digital Development Global Practice, World Bank


    10:55 – 11:00


    Concluding Remarks


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    Mark Williams

    Practice Manager, Global Knowledge and EAP Region, World Bank

    Mark Williams is Practice Manager for Global Knowledge and Expertise in the Digital Development Global Practice. He is an economist with over 20 years of experience in the economics, regulation, and strategy of the digital sector, covering a range of specialist areas including strategy, policy, regulation, financial analysis corporate restructuring, and litigation. He has worked in some of the world’s leading economic consulting firms - NERA, Frontier Economics, Deloitte, and Berkeley Research Group (BRG). Previously in his career, he spent six years as an economist in the World Bank’s Global ICT team focusing on analytical work and operations in the Middle East and Africa.


    Kwang-hee Choi

    Vice President, Korea Internet & Security Agency

    Choi Kwang-hee is the vice president of the Korea Internet & Security Agency, and it has been 21 years since he chose cyber security, a promising field in the future, and joined KISA. Due to the nature of public institutions, he mainly carried out research on national information protection policies, such as distributing security servers, banning the use of resident numbers on the Internet, and institutionalizing PIMS. In addition, he has been working as a visiting researcher at George Washington University in the United States to research protection technology in the field of wireless communication. And as an administrator of the National Security Office, he has been striving to establish national information protection policies and strategies.


    Kyudong Kim

    Senior Researcher, National Security Research Institute (NSRI)

    Kyudong Kim is a senior researcher at the National Security Research Institute, Korea, where he studies and develops national security policies regarding State activities in cyberspace. His areas of research are focused on, in particular, legitimacy of inter-State response measures, cyber crisis management and communications, and protection of human rights and humanitarian values. He consults government agencies regarding cyber policy planning and cyber diplomacy, e.g. as a legal advisor to Korean delegations to the UN GGE processes and other bilateral cyber policy consultations, and has co-led a project translating the Tallinn Manual 2.0 to Korean. Prior to joining the NSRI in 2014, he was a researcher at the Cyber Law Centre at Korea University. His recent publications include: "Cyberattack Severity Assessment and National Response Matrix in Korea"(Vo. 34:2, J. of East Asian Affairs, 2021), "Norms Competition for International Law Governing Cyberspace and the Tallinn Manuals"(book chapter, in S. Kim ed., National Strategy for Cyber Security 2.0, 2019), "Implications on National Security Strategies of the Strategic Use of Cyber Capabilities of Foreign Governments"(13:11, Crisisonomy, 2017), etc. Mr. Kim holds LL.B. and LL.M. in public international law and international human rights from Georgetown University Law Center and Korea University.


    Jason M. Allford

    Special Representative, World Bank Group Korea Office

    Jason Allford is the Special Representative of World Bank Group (WBG)’s Korea Office. In this role, Mr. Allford oversees the office as a global hub on innovation and technology for sustainable development, bringing lessons from Korea’s development experience – particularly in relation to innovation, technology, and green growth – and applying them to the World Bank’s operational work in other World Bank member countries. An Australian national, Mr. Allford joined the Australian Government in 1994, focusing on macroeconomic analysis, forecasting and fiscal policy. He previously worked at the World Bank Group from 2014 to 2018, representing 15 countries from Asia and the Pacific including Korea at the Bank’s Board of Executive Directors. He has also worked as an adviser on fiscal policy to governments in Africa, East Asia Pacific, Eastern Europe, and the Middle East. Mr. Allford holds a Master’s degree in Economics from the London School of Economics and Political Science and a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from the University of Tasmania.


    Hyang jin Lee

    Manager, Infrastructure Protection Team, Korea Internet & Security Agency (KISA)

    Lee Hyang jin is a Manager at Korea Internet & Security Agency's infrastructure protection team. She majored in information protection and has been conducting research on cyber security for more than 21 years since joining KISA. Also, she has been in charge of operating the domestic Electronic Signature Certification System (PKI), revitalizing the international standardization and use of domestic passwords, convergence security, and fostering security startups. Currently, she has been in charge of operating critical information infrastructure protection systems in Korea.


    Myongsoo Kim

    Principal Researcher, Digital Solution Lab, Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) Research Institute

    Since 1996, Myongsoo has been a researcher of the Korea Electric Power Corporation. He is a project leader of 'Development of an intelligent cyber threat hunting platform in the power utility'. His special fields of interest are utility automation and cybersecurity in Smart Grid including interoperability.


    Rahul Kitchlu

    Program Leader for Infrastructure Practice Group, World Bank

    Rahul Kitchlu is the Program Leader for Infrastructure Practice Group which consists of the Energy and Extractives, Transport, Digital Development, Infrastructure Financing, Public Private Partnerships, and Guarantees Global Practices. Rahul also is the Coordinator for the Energy and Extractives Program for Vietnam and has been based in Hanoi since July 1, 2019. Rahul has nearly 20 years of professional experience working globally on issues related to infrastructure, energy, and finance. Prior to the current assignment, Rahul was based in Ethiopia where he led the Energy and Extractives Programs in the East Africa region. Rahul has received his academic training from University of New Brunswick, Canada (B.Sc.), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA (M.B.A.), and Harvard University, USA (Public Policy Courses).


    Anat Lewin

    Senior Digital Development Specialist, World Bank

    Anat Lewin is a Senior Digital Development Specialist at the World Bank and co-Lead of the Cybersecurity Community of Practice at the World Bank. She leads policy advice and investment lending activities in Cybersecurity, Data Governance, Data Protection and Digital Government in Eastern and Southern Africa. Anat advises developing country governments on establishing good practice Cybersecurity, Data Governance and Data Protection policies, strategies, institutional governance frameworks, technical and operational capabilities and digital skills programs. She leads activities that assist African governments – for instance in Kenya, Nigeria, Rwanda, Uganda, Burundi and Somalia - in implementing reforms supported by large-scale financing by the World Bank. Her analytical work has focused on accessing mobility data by creating anonymized and aggregated datasets derived from call detail records of telecom operators. Anat holds a Master of International Affairs from Columbia University in New York and a Bachelor of Arts in International Relations from the University of Toronto in Canada, Trinity College. She studied International Relations at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and advanced Arabic at the University of Jordan in Amman. Prior to joining the World Bank in 2000, Anat worked for the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa in Ethiopia. She speaks English, German, French, Hebrew and Arabic.


  • DATE AND TIME (KST): Wednesday, April 6th from 9:30 am to 11:00 am (KST)
  • DATE AND TIME (EDT): Tuesday, April 5th from 8:30 pm to 10:00 pm (EDT)