Significant data gaps exist on the exact nature of barriers that women face in undertaking cross-border trade as well as the gendered impact of improved customs and border procedures. Filling these gaps are essential to optimize the design and implementation of effective policy reforms and program interventions that maximize the gains from trade for all. To this end; the World Bank Group is initiating a survey in Lesotho and Eswatini to help identify the obstacles traders at the firm-level face in conducting cross-border trade and contribute to filling some of the broader knowledge gaps that exist around the specific barriers that women traders face in this area; primarily under the scope of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement (WTO TFA). This work will build on previous work to collect similar data in other countries. The overall objective of this project is to identify specific barriers; broken down by gender; that men and women-led companies (traders; customs agents; freight forwarders) are facing in the cross-border trade of merchandise goods through the collection of data via phone survey interviews across Eswatini and Lesotho.