An equality-of-opportunity profile can help policy makers design effective public policies for an equitable expansion of human opportunities, thus leveling the playing field for all children. The Dissimilarity Index (D-index) measures whether existing opportunities (access to services) are allocated equitably, comparing different circumstance groups’ probabilities of accessing a given opportunity. For example, the current inequality-of-opportunity profiles in LAC for education are driven mainly by parental education, while for access to water, sanitation, and electricity the profile is driven mainly by where a child lives (rural versus urban residence).
This dashboard contains the decomposition of the D-index for all opportunities. The D-index ranges from 0 to 1. A D-Index equal to 0 implies that access to an opportunity is the same among the general population no matter one’s particular situation (e.g. whether urban or rural dweller, or whether male or female, etc.). In contrast, a D-index of 1 indicates that a group is completely excluded from access. The D-index is interpreted as the share of opportunities that would have to be "reallocated" across different groups of children so that all groups would have equal access.