Selected through the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII), indigenous peoples are observers to the Climate Investment Funds (CIF). The regional caucuses nominated nine indigenous people observers through a regional self-selection process, which was finalized in May 2012.
The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), housed within the World Bank, as well as the Forest Investment Program – one of the CIF funds - provides direct grants to indigenous organizations to strengthen their capacity in areas of forest protection and climate change.
The FCPF financed a series of global and regional dialogues with indigenous peoples’ representatives in 2012 to ensure their full participation in the design and implementation of REDD+. The effort was part of the overall FCPF indigenous peoples capacity-building program, supported by a $3.5 million budget over four years.
The third High-Level Direct Dialogue between the World Bank and representatives of the global indigenous community was held in Durban, South Africa, during the United Nations COP17 climate change talks in December 2011. Meeting participants discussed the mechanics of the new Dedicated Grant Mechanism for Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities. It will make up to $50 million available to indigenous peoples to enable direct engagement in designing national and regional forest policies.
Another initiative, Climate Change Impacts on Indigenous Peoples and Traditional Knowledge, analyzes the impact of climate change on indigenous peoples; identifies practices by indigenous peoples that minimize the adverse impacts of climate change; and strengthens indigenous peoples’ capacity to participate in the formulation of national and international public policies regarding climate change.
The Indigenous Peoples issues in the REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Land Degradation) agenda revolve around providing proper information to Indigenous Peoples about REDD, involving them in REDD preparedness, design and implementation, learning from Indigenous Peoples’ traditional knowledge, ensuring that REDD design supports rather than undermines customary rights to land and natural resources, and incorporates benefit sharing systems so that Indigenous Peoples benefit from REDD. There is now a better understanding that the REDD mechanisms need to properly address the challenges regarding land and resources as well as provide greater recognition of indigenous peoples’ knowledge systems, as witnessed in the provisions of the December 2010 Cancun Decision on REDD.
In 2012, the World Bank began a two-year process to update and consolidate the Bank’s policy framework for social sustainability and safeguards, in an effort to better address new development demands and challenges. The Bank carried out a series of pre-dialogues with indigenous peoples between March and May 2013 in order to agree on and plan a formal dedicated Dialogue to be implemented between September and November of this year. This Dialogue seeks to strengthen the relationship between the Bank and the Indigenous Peoples around the world and will inform the Safeguard review and update process.
Establishment of an Independent World Bank Advisory Council. The World Bank endorsed the notion of the establishment of an Independent World Bank Advisory Council following discussions held with indigenous peoples leaders attending the UN Permanent Forum in New York on May 10, 2012. The proposed Advisory Council would replace the "Direct Dialogues" currently held bi-annually with a dedicated Council that would be self-selected from among the IP Leaders within the framework of the UN Permanent Forum.
Establishment of consultative mechanisms at national and regional levels to better provide indigenous peoples with the ability to provide effective inputs to the World Bank's operational units. Moving forward, the World Bank aims to establish consultative mechanisms on a region-by-region basis, building on the experience of the consultative mechanism already established in the Latin America and Caribbean. In addition, the dedicated Climate Change Funds (FCPF, REDD+, and other FIFs) are conducting regional consultations, including with indigenous peoples groups. For example, the FCPF has already initiated a series of "regional dialogues."
Dedicated financial support for capacity building for indigenous peoples. The World Bank is committed to strengthen the capacity of our clients to enhance effective engagement with indigenous peoples to achieve development impact. This support includes a dedicated grant mechanism for indigenous peoples and local communities by the Forest Investment Program (FIP), and global consultations in the context of Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF). We will continue to work closely with indigenous peoples groups, either as part of policy reforms or within the context of the World Bank’s lending and knowledge instruments.