The World Bank pioneered global HIV and AIDS financing early in the emergency and remains committed to achieving Millennium Development Goal 6, to halt by 2015 and begin to reverse the spread of HIV and AIDS, through prevention, care, treatment, and mitigation services for those affected by HIV and AIDS.
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De Walque also compared and contrasted the lessons of this epidemic with the recent outbreak of Ebola, and emphasized the need for governments to effectively communicate information and reduce public ... Show More +fear that leads to aversion behavior and exacerbates economic costs.Discussant Marelize Gorgens, HIV Trust Fund Program Manager, spoke about the “continual challenge of taking research findings and applying them to policies.” She identified four key areas for continued efforts: Improving the translation of the policy implications of research to governments; better analysis of the cost effectiveness of policies that have multiple benefits, for example, increased education and lower HIV transmission rates; incentives that can promote uptake of biomedical interventions, for example male circumcision; and an increased reliance on biomedical data rather than self-reported sexual or intervention-uptake behavior, which can be unreliable. Show Less -
A pending debtWhile the future looks bright, one aspect is still pending: increased investment in prevention activities. Whereas the region as a whole allocates 15 percent of the HIV budget to this ar... Show More +ea, Argentina invests just 1.2 percent.Nevertheless, Argentine youth seem to be more willing to receive information. “Young people have the highest level of knowledge on HIV transmission and prevention of the whole region,” says Lavadenz.According to the World Bank, 84% of young men and 89% of young women (ages 15-24) in Argentina accurately identify prevention methods and major misconceptions about HIV transmission.However, the challenge is not only prevention, but also “improving program efficiency, increasing early, timely diagnosis and reducing treatment costs,” says Lavandenz.Argentina has an estimated 110,000 people living with HIV, of which at least 30% remain unaware of their condition. Show Less -
The 2010 Constitution introduced a decentralization process at a scale never seen before elsewhere. It created 47 new counties and transferred to them significant responsibilities, including serv... Show More +ice delivery. Devolution is one of the key focus areas in the 2014-2018 World Bank's new Country Partnership Strategy with Kenya. Show Less -