The World Bank pioneered global HIV and AIDS financing early in the emergency and remains committed to achieving Millennium Development Goal 6, to halt by 2015 and begin to reverse the spread of HIV and AIDS, through prevention, care, treatment, and mitigation services for those affected by HIV and AIDS.
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On first-ever Universal Health Coverage Day, all countries urged to make quality health coverage accessible to everyone, everywhere.NEW YORK, 12 December 2014 – A new global coalition of more than 500... Show More + leading health and development organizations worldwide is urging governments to accelerate reforms that ensure everyone, everywhere, can access quality health services without being forced into poverty. The coalition was launched today, on the first-ever Universal Health Coverage Day, to stress the importance of universal access to health services for saving lives, ending extreme poverty, building resilience against the health effects of climate change and ending deadly epidemics such as Ebola.Universal Health Coverage Day marks the two-year anniversary of a United Nations resolution, unanimously passed on 12 December 2012, which endorsed universal health coverage as a pillar of sustainable development and global security. Despite progress in combatting global killers such as HIV/AIDS and vaccine-preventable diseases such as measles, tetanus and diphtheria, the global gap between those who can access needed health services without fear of financial hardship and those who cannot is widening. Each year, 100 million people fall into poverty because they or a family member becomes seriously ill and they have to pay for care out of their own pockets. Around one billion people worldwide can’t even access the health care they need, paving the way for disease outbreaks to become catastrophic epidemics.“The need for equitable access to quality health care has never been greater, and there is unprecedented demand for universal health coverage around the world,” said Michael Myers, Managing Director of The Rockefeller Foundation, which is spearheading Universal Health Coverage Day. “Universal health coverage is an idea whose time has come – because health for all saves lives, strengthens nations and is achievable and affordable for every country.”For much of the 20th century, universal health coverage was limited to a few high-income countries, but in the past two decades, a number of lower- and middle-income countries have successfully embraced reforms to make quality health care universally available. Countries as diverse as Brazil, Ghana, Mexico, Rwanda, Turkey and Thailand have made tremendous progress toward universal health coverage in recent years. Today, the two most populous countries, India and China, are pursuing universal health coverage, and more than 80 countries have asked the World Health Organization for implementation assistance.“Putting people's health needs ahead of their ability to pay stems poverty and stimulates growth,” said Dr. Tim Evans, Senior Director for the Health, Nutrition and Population Global Practice at the World Bank Group. “Universal health coverage is an essential ingredient to end extreme poverty and boost shared prosperity within a generation.”The 500+ organizations participating in the first-ever Universal Health Coverage Day coalition represent a diverse cross-section of global health and development issues, including infectious diseases, maternal and child health, non-communicable diseases and palliative care. Across these issues, knowledge and technologies exist to save and improve lives in significant numbers, but the impact of these tools is severely hampered by lack of equitable access to quality health services.“Ebola is only the most recent example of why universal health coverage is the most powerful concept in public health,” said Dr. Marie-Paule Kieny, Assistant Director-General for Health Systems and Innovation at the World Health Organization. “Investing in strong, equitable health systems is the only way to truly protect and improve lives, particularly in the face of emerging threats like the global rise of non-communicable diseases and increasingly severe natural disasters.”Events in 25 Countries Mark First-Ever Universal Health Coverage DayOrganizations around the world are calling on policymakers to prioritize universal health coverage, and are hosting events on 12 December to catalyze action, including:New York, USA: High-level event on Ebola and resilience, organized by the Permanent Missions of France, Japan, Germany and Senegal to the United Nations, in collaboration with The Rockefeller Foundation and the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health.London, UK: Expert panel at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine on creating resilient, equitable health systems, organized in partnership with The Rockefeller Foundation and Action for Global Health.New Delhi, India: High-level event on universal health coverage implementation in both India and the global context, convened by the Public Health Foundation of India, Oxfam India and the World Health Organization Country Office for India.Additional Partner Remarks"Universal Health Coverage (UHC) and investments in health systems can accelerate global efforts to ensure access to healthcare to anyone who needs it, leaving no one behind. UHC can help us galvanize progress towards achieving all the health-related Millennium Development Goals and ending preventable deaths, particularly among the most vulnerable populations – women, children and adolescents – as well as communities beyond 2015. With universal coverage, we can foster greater equity, empower countless individuals, and contribute to a life of dignity for all."-Ban Ki-moon, United Nations Secretary-General“India’s health reform movement coincides with this global crusade for UHC at a crucial time, when the country’s population faces impoverishment due to rising healthcare costs, emerging and new disease outbreaks and a health system badly in need of integrated services, better access and more robust primary health care. UHC would provide an ideal framework to address many of these pressing issues in a comprehensive manner.”-Dr. Priya Balasubramaniam-Kakkar, Senior Public Health Scientist, Public Health Foundation of India“If we invest in our health systems now—which we know yields an impressive return for the investment—we can build an Africa where individuals, families, and entire nations reach their full potential.”-Dr. Agnes Binagwaho, Minister of Health of Rwanda“Strong health systems that reach everyone, everywhere are crucial to fight HIV, TB and malaria.”-Mark Dybul, Executive Director, The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria"Health care is not a commodity or privilege, but a human right."-Dr. Julio Frenk, Dean, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and former Minister of Health of Mexico“Universal health coverage secures health and well-being for women and girls everywhere.”-Nyaradzayi Gumbonzvanda, General Secretary, World YWCA“To be effective, universal health coverage requires a holistic approach to women’s health – including universal access to their reproductive health and rights.”-Katja Iversen, Chief Executive Officer, Women Deliver“The right to sexual and reproductive health is central to health for all and vital to the future we want.”-Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin, Executive Director, UNFPA"With universal health coverage Ebola outbreaks would be contained faster and more effectively."-Dr. Peter Piot, Director, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine“Universal health protection is key to fighting poverty, reducing inequity and nurturing economic growth. Sustainable development with decent jobs for all requires investment in health protection – these linkages cannot be ignored in policy development.”-Guy Ryder, Director-General, International Labour Organization“Save the Children is campaigning for every child to receive the essential health care they need to survive and fulfil their potential. Robust health systems not only prevent crises like the current Ebola outbreak, but are also the foundation of efforts to end preventable child and maternal deaths.”-Jasmine Whitbread, CEO, Save the Children InternationalAbout The Rockefeller FoundationFor more than 100 years, The Rockefeller Foundation's mission has been to promote the well-being of humanity throughout the world. Today, The Rockefeller Foundation pursues this mission through dual goals: advancing inclusive economies that expand opportunities for more broadly shared prosperity, and building resilience by helping people, communities and institutions prepare for, withstand, and emerge stronger from acute shocks and chronic stresses. To achieve these goals, The Rockefeller Foundation works at the intersection of four focus areas—advance health, revalue ecosystems, secure livelihoods, and transform cities—to address the root causes of emerging challenges and create systemic change. Together with partners and grantees, The Rockefeller Foundation strives to catalyze and scale transformative innovations, create unlikely partnerships that span sectors, and take risks others cannot—or will not. For more information, please visit www.rockefellerfoundation.org.About the World Bank GroupThe World Bank Group plays a key role in the global effort to end extreme poverty and boost shared prosperity. Working in more than 100 countries, the World Bank Group provides financing, advice, and other solutions that enable countries to address the most urgent challenges of development. For more information on the Bank Group’s work in health, nutrition, and population, please visit www.worldbank.org/health. About the World Health Organization (WHO)WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, improving global health security, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends. For more information, please visit http://www.who.int/whr/2010/en/. Show Less -
Report assesses health loss from combined impact of road injuries, vehicle pollutionLONDON, MARCH 31, 2014 - Safer and cleaner road transport is critical for achieving health and development goals aro... Show More +und the world, according to a new report that --for the first time--assesses the global health loss from the combined impact of road injuries and pollution that can be attributed to motorized transport.Entitled “Transport for Health: the Global Burden of Disease from Motorized Road Transport”, the report was prepared by the World Bank-led Global Road Safety Facility and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, along with contributions from authors of other institutions. Findings of the report were discussed today in London at an event hosted by the Overseas Development Institute.Building on previous Global Burden of Disease (GBD) studies, the report breaks new ground by quantifying the health impacts from injuries due to road traffic crashes over the last two decades, and air pollution from vehicles. Findings show injuries and pollution from vehicles contribute to six of the top 10 causes of death globally. Combined with the health losses from vehicle pollution, the road transport death toll exceeds that of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, or diabetes, based on GBD data.The report also highlights the growth in road deaths and injuries globally, and their substantial impacts on maternal and child health. Road crashes, for instance, result in 1.3 million deaths annually and 78.2 million nonfatal injuries warranting medical care. Road injury also is among the 10 leading causes of death in children ages 1 through 14, and among women ages 15 to 44.“That is a powerful wake-up call.…These alarming findings underscore the urgent need to spread improvements in transport pollution and safety across world regions,” writes World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim in the foreword to the report. “Road crashes cost an estimated 1 to 5 percent of GDP in developing countries, undermining efforts to reduce poverty and boost shared prosperity.”“Transport for Health” calls for increased collaboration of the transport, health, and urban sectors, among others, to achieve sustainable transport and health policies, noting that the benefits of road safety and air quality improvements outweigh their costs, thus making a compelling case for urgent action."Health officials are typically viewed as the chief stewards of countries’ population health, but reducing the burden of disease from motor vehicles requires action from multiple sectors,” says Christopher Murray, director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. “As demand for cars and roads increases, the transport sector plays a vital role in designing, building, and maintaining an infrastructure and regulatory system that encourage economic growth while minimizing health loss.”The report describes how the health burden associated with road transport spreads with economic growth and rapid motorization, and notes that mitigating this risk requires a long-term investment strategy to build the capacity of national institutions so they can better manage safety and mobility performance.“Transport for Health” also highlights the need to improve statistical systems that collect information necessary to evaluate the health impacts of road transport. The absence of reliable accounting of health effects not only endangers effective action across sectors, but can also waste government resources or development aid funding targeted at ineffective interventions.The report comes at a time when the UN Decade of Action for Road Safety, launched in 2011, aims to bring under control the growing burden of road traffic injuries, saving some 5 million lives around the world by 2020. The findings of this and other reports confirm the need for urgent support to this development priority.The report also follows a multilateral commitment, at the last Rio +20 meeting, to encourage “sustainable transport” as vital for future global health, particularly addressing issues like increased road transport emissions.Some of the key conclusions from the report include:Deaths from road transport exceed those from HIV, tuberculosis, or malaria.Injuries and pollution from vehicles contribute to six of the top 10 causes of death globally.Health loss attributable to motorized road transport exceeds that from key risk factors affecting children, including suboptimal weight and breastfeeding.Road injuries rank among the top 10 causes of death after the first year of life through age 59. In addition, road injuries are a top-10 cause of death among women of childbearing age and are the fourth-leading cause among women aged 15 to 29 years.While the burden of road injuries is highest in poorer regions, such as sub-Saharan Africa, health loss due to vehicular pollution tends to be highest in richer regions, such as Western Europe.Road crashes result in 1.3 million deaths annually and 78.2 million nonfatal injuries warranting medical care.Over the last two decades, deaths due to road crashes grew by 46%. And deaths attributable to air pollution, to which motor vehicles are an important contributor, grew by 11%.Pedestrians alone account for 35% of road injury deaths globally, and over 50% in East and Central sub-Saharan Africa.Official government statistics substantially underreport road injuries. For example, GBD estimates of road injury deaths are more than twice the official statistics in India, four times those in China, and more than six times the official numbers in parts of Africa.In addition to the World Bank and IHME, the “Transport for Health” report is the result of a broad collaboration by lead authors of various institutions, including: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Health Effects Institute; University of British Columbia; Schneider Institute for Health Policy; and Health Canada Show Less -